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Hazard Communication

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Examples: corrosives such as acids & bases that burn the area they touch. ... Burns. Fumes can cause damage to nasal & respiratory passages ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hazard Communication


1
Hazard Communication
February 2004 Partial revision May 2009
2
Hazard Communication (Right-to-Know)
  • This is a Federal and State safety regulation
  • The Washington State Department of Labor and
    Industries requires employees be informed about
    hazardous chemicals in the workplace WAC
    296-800-170.
  • Labels on chemical products
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
  • Training on hazards
  • Chemical Inventories

3
Admin Services has the following notebooks
  • Material Data Safety Sheets (MSDS)
  • UW Hazard Communication Trainers Manual
  • UW Operations Manual Section D12.5, Hazard
    Communication Program, can be found at
    http//www.washington.edu/admin/rules/APS/12.05.ht
    ml

4
What is a Chemical Product?
  • It can be chemicals you find in a laboratory,
    the office OR the soap you wash your hands
    with.ANY PRODUCT that contains chemicals is
    considered to be a chemical product.

5
Chemical products include
  • Paints
  • Cleaning products
  • Office products
  • Oils, fuels, lubricants
  • Metals
  • Gas cylinders
  • Adhesives
  • Darkroom chemicals, fertilizers and pesticides,
    De-Icer, water softeners.

6
Original Manufacturers Labels
  • Must contain
  • Name of Product
  • Manufacturers name and address
  • Hazards of the Product
  • Note Any time you transfer a substance from its
    original container to another container you need
    a secondary label on it.

7
Office Products include
  • Adhesives
  • Asbestos
  • Carbonless Copy Paper
  • Correction Fluid
  • Cleaners
  • Photocopier/Laser Printer Toners and Duplicating
    fluid
  • Inks and Inking Materials
  • REFER TO THE EHS PAMPHLET

8
Chemical Inventory
  • HSLIC is responsible for inventory of all
    chemical products used or stored in our area
    including storerooms or satellite sites in other
    buildings. This includes the
  • KK Sherwood Social Work Library.

9
  • Listing of office products can be found on Sabin
    at Reports/Safety/(department) or in the
    Hazardous Communications Notebook in Admin
    Services.
  • Information is updated once a year.

10
MSDS
  • Material Safety Data Sheets are safety documents
    which give the physical and health hazards of a
    chemical. Take a copy of the MSDS with you if
    visiting the doctor.
  • You can locate an MSDS at http//msds.ehs.cornell
    .edu/msdssrch.asp

11
Information found on MSDSs
  • Product Name Manufacturers Name
  • Hazardous Ingredients
  • Physical and Chemical characteristics
  • Fire and Explosion Hazard Data
  • Oxidizers
  • Reactivity Data
  • Health Hazard Data

12
FIRST AID
  • The MSDS explains what to do in an emergency.
  • Usually there is information on what to do if a
    product contacts the eyes, the lungs, the skin,
    or the digestive tract.
  • Contact 911 in Emergent situations.

13
Chemical Product Spills
  • Only clean up a spill if small and your exposure
    to the product while cleaning it up will not be
    harmful to you.
  • Call EHS at 543-0467 if you need help deciding
    whether to clean up a spill or not.

14
If a Chemical Product Spills on SomeoneGet Help!
  • Go to a sink, a drench shower, or eye wash
    station and flush the area with water for at
    least 15 minutes.
  • Go to the emergency room or doctor.
  • If necessary call 911.
  •  
  • Fill out an Incident/Accident Report
    http//www.ehs.washington.edu/forms/Incident.pdf

15
Incident/Accident/Quality Improvement Report
16
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Reducing or eliminating the hazards of a chemical
    product by using fume hoods, increased
    ventilation, or switching to less hazardous
    products or procedures is the best way to provide
    personal protection.
  •  
  • Examples of PPE gloves, aprons, long sleeve
    shirts, goggles, safety glasses, respirators,
    exhaust systems, etc.

17
Chemical Waste Disposal
  • The State of Washington has some of the most
    restrictive chemical waste disposal regulations
    in the country.
  •  
  • Before disposing of ANY containers (empty or
    full) that at one time contained a chemical
    product, contact the Hazardous Materials Waste
    Management Office at 685-2848.

18
Mandatory Training Concluded
  • You have completed the mandatory training.
    Additional information can be found on the
    staffweb under What to do in Emergencies
    Safety Guidelines.
  • This program is found at staffweb under
    Departments/Programs
  • Information Desk -gt Desk Training -gt UW Hazard
    Communication
  • Please notify Administrative Services that you
    have completed this training.

19
Hazard Communication Quiz
1. What is a chemical product?   2. What kind of
information is found on all MSDSs? ?
Reactivity of the Product ? Product name
Manufacturer ? Hazardous
Ingredients ? Health Hazard Data ?
Precautions for Safe Handling, Use Disposal
? Oxidizers ? Physical Chemical
Characteristics ? Fire and Explosion
Hazards   3. Where are the MSDS and Hazard
Communications binders located? ?
Information Desk ? Admin Services ? Micro-Lab ?
HSLIC Admin Services   4. Do products, put into
a secondary container, need a label on it?
? yes ? no   5. MSDSs are written not only for
laboratory chemicals but also for ? Office
products ? Procedures manuals ? New
employees   6. If there is an emergent situation
related to a chemical product spill what do you
do? ? Call 911 ? Review the MSDS ? Get
Help ? Fill out an Incident/Accident Report   7.
What does MSDS stand for?   8. Is there a Federal
and State regulation called Hazard
Communication? ? yes ? no   9. What types
of Personal Protective Equipment is required when
working with office products? ? gloves ?
long sleeve shirts ? goggles/safety
glasses ? aprons ? none of these  
20
Notes
21
Hazard Communication Answers
1. What is a chemical product?   Any product
that contains chemicals found in a lab, office or
the soap you wash your hands with. 2. What kind
of information is found on all MSDSs? ?
Reactivity of the Product ? Product name
Manufacturer ? Hazardous
Ingredients ? Health Hazard Data ?
Precautions for Safe Handling, Use Disposal
? Oxidizers ? Physical Chemical
Characteristics ? Fire and Explosion
Hazards   3. Where are the MSDS and Hazard
Communications binders located? ?
Information Desk ? Admin Services ? Micro-Lab ?
HSLIC Admin Services   4. Do products, put into
a secondary container, need a label on it?
? yes ? no   5. MSDSs are written not only for
laboratory chemicals but also for ? Office
products ? Procedures manuals ? New
employees   6. If there is an emergent situation
related to a chemical product spill what do you
do? ? Call 911 ? Review the MSDS ? Get
Help ? Fill out an Incident/Accident Report   7.
What does MSDS stand for?   Material Safety
Data Sheets 8. Is there a Federal and State
regulation called Hazard Communication? ?
yes ? no   9. What types of Personal Protective
Equipment is required when working with office
products? ? gloves ? long sleeve shirts
? goggles/safety glasses ? aprons ? none of
these  
22
Health Hazard DataDescribes How Chemical
Products Enter the Body
  • Inhalation-easiest way products enter the body.
    It affects the respiratory system.
  • Skin-easy way to be overexposed. Goes directly
    into the blood.
  • Ingestion-least common way for a chemical to
    enter your body.
  • Injection-mostly happens in medical setting when
    needles are used or disposed of incorrectly.

23
Acute and Chronic Effects
  • Acute effect is an immediate body response to a
    chemical exposure.
  • May cause
  • Dizziness-Runny Nose-Diarrhea
  • Itching-Headache-Coughing-Burns
  • Dryness-Nausea-Vomiting-Itching
  • Redness

24
Chronic Effects may not be as obvious as
acute effects
  • Symptoms appear slowly.
  • Often symptoms are unnoticed.
  • Symptoms are explainable.
  • By the time a link is established, permanent
    damage may have happened.

25
  • Target organ is the part of the body or entire
    system that is affected by a chemical exposure.

26
  • Local effects occur at the area where the
    chemical makes contact with the skin, eyes, nose,
    throat, and airways.
  • Examples corrosives such as acids bases that
    burn the area they touch.
  • Systemic effects occur when a chemical gets into
    the blood and is distributed throughout the body
    to specific organs and tissues.
  • Examples solvents such as benzene that enters
    through the skin or lungs affects the bone
    marrow brain tissues.

27
Recognizing Health Hazards
  • IRRITANTS cause immediate pain or reddening of
    areas contacted.
  • Common irritants are solvents, adhesives, and
    detergents.
  • Cause headache, itching, dryness, or coughing.

28
SENSITIZERS cause allergic reactions
  • Once you become sensitized to a chemical, even
    the smallest amount can trigger severe reactions.
  • Reactions can range from itching to asthmatic
    attacks.
  • Epoxy resins, formaldehyde, and the chemical
    d-limonene in citrus scented cleaners are common
    sensitizers.

29
CORROSIVES
  • The pH scale shows how acidic or basic (alkaline)
    a product is. The scale runs from 1 to 14.
  • A product with a pH of 1,2,13 or 14 is corrosive.
    Corrosive products dissolve whatever they touch,
    including flesh!
  • May cause
  • Burns
  • Fumes can cause damage to nasal respiratory
    passages
  • Skin or eye contact causes blistering or burns.

30
NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • Divided into
  • Central nervous system (CNS) brain spinal
    cord
  • Peripheral nervous system all other nerves
    (fingers, arms, legs).

31
Common phrases seen on MSDSs
  • Headache, nausea, and dizziness may occur by
    inhalation.
  • Central nervous system depressant.
  • Lightheadedness, drowsiness, vertigo, vomiting.
  • Fatigue, dullness, blurred vision,
    unconsciousness.
  • Numbness of fingers, arms, and legs.
  • Muscular weakness, tingling sensation in arms and
    legs.

32
TOXICS/POISONS
  • Chemical products that injure you or make you
    sick when they are eaten or inhaled are toxic.
  • Anything can be toxic if you are exposed to
    enough of it.

33
CANCER CAUSING/ CARCINOGENS
  • There are 24 known human carcinogens which are
    specifically regulated by LI.
  • Some known human carcinogens are vinyl chloride,
    asbestos, and benzene.

34
REPRODUCTIVE HAZARDS
  • Some chemicals can harm reproductive function in
    adults, such as lead causing male and female
    infertility. Chemicals may also cause harm to a
    developing fetus.
  • Mutagens are substances that cause changes in
    genetic material (genes) in cells. Changes could
    lead to cancer or birth defects.
  • Teratogens may cause birth defects in a
    developing fetus, especially if exposure occurs
    during the first 3 months of pregnancy.
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