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People of the Middle East

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Israel and the Rise of Palestinian Identity. West Bank, Gaza Strip and the PLO ... Israel withdraws from almost all the Gaza strip and from Palestinian cities and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: People of the Middle East


1
People of the Middle East

2
Background
  • The Middle East is home to a broad diversity of
    people
  • Even throughout its history it has been home to
    many peoples
  • The Arabs make up the majority in several
    countries

3
Different ethnic people in the Middle East
according to language
4
Arabs
  • More the half of the people are Arabs
  • Speak Arabic language
  • Religion they practice is Islam (90)
    Christianity (10)
  • Trace their roots to the Arabian Peninsula but
    today live in all countries of the Middle East
  • Three things that govern their attitude and
    actions
  • Belief in Islam
  • The Arabic language
  • The Arabic Culture

5
The Saudis
  • Saudi Arabia is regarded with deep respect within
    the Muslim world
  • Birth place of Muhammad
  • Site of Mecca and Medina
  • Creation of a man whose name the country bears
  • King Ibn Saud (1882-1953)
  • Saudi royal family still rules the kingdom
  • Oil was discovered in 1936 and BOMB area became
    important to the world

6
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7
The Egyptians
  • The World is fascinated with Egypt due to its
    history
  • The mummies, pyramids, sphinxes
  • In the past was considered to be an ally of the
    United States in the Middle East
  • Viewed Egypt as a way to make moderate changes in
    the Middle East
  • First nation to recognize and make peace with
    Israel
  • One of the most stable nations in the Middle East

8
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9
Iranians
  • Not Arab Persian
  • Most are Muslim (90 are Shia, 10 Sunni)
  • Language Persian, or Farsi, an Indo-European
    language that is distantly related to English
  • Location was Persia now Iran
  • Iran means land of the Aryans
  • Persian Empire was established in 500 BC
  • One of the greatest empires of its time
  • 600 AD Arabs invaded the region and established
    Islam
  • 1979 new gov took over and set up an Islamic
    republic
  • Took Americans hostage (50 for over a yr)
  • War with Iraq in 1980
  • Relationship with the United States is strained

10
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11
Lebanese
  • Descendants from the great sea traders the
    Phoenician
  • One of the most westernized of the Middle Eastern
    countries
  • Capital, Beirut, is the Paris of the Middle East
  • Made up of Christian, Druze, Sunni and Shiite
    Muslims
  • Spelled doom
  • Its neighbors also cause problems for Lebanon
  • Syria and Israel
  • Civil Wars took places between 1975-1990
  • Still dominated by Syria today
  • Israel still upset at Lebanon for harboring
    Hizballah militiamen in their fight against Israel

12
Syrians
  • Really hate the west
  • Sometimes called the Paymaster to worldwide
    terrorist groups
  • Hizballah, Hamas, Islamic Jihadist
  • US believes that the Syrian government is backing
    the Sunni insurgency in Iraq
  • The Assad ruling dynasty tries to rule with an
    iron fist
  • But at times its own home grown terrorist
    organization have cause problems for the
    government
  • The current government might not have a very
    tight grip on its own people

13
Turks
  • Language Turkish, comes from the Central Asian
    roots
  • Religion Islam
  • Location was Asia minor now Turkey
  • 56 million Turks
  • First people to live in Asia minor Greeks and
    Hittites
  • Great city of Constantinople fell to Islam in
    1453
  • Changed name to Istanbul
  • Greatly changed Turkeys future
  • Greatly westernized after WWI
  • Once thought to be an ally of the United States
  • US offered Turkey 6 billion to use military
    bases to attach Iraq
  • Parliament said no
  • Problems in Turkey today
  • Upsurge of Islamic terrorism
  • The Kurds

14

15
Armenians
  • Language Armenian
  • Religion Christianity
  • Location was Turkey now Turkey, former Soviet
    Union (Republic of Armenia)
  • Were Christians living in a Muslim country,
    wanted own land
  • Massacred by Turks during WWI about 1 million

16
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17
The Iraqis
  • Home of ancient Mesopotamia the cradle of
    civilization
  • Gave us agriculture and writing
  • Made up of Shiite (60) Sunnis (32) and Kurds
  • Each regard itself to be a separate nation and
    wanting its own homeland
  • After independence overthrew and executed the
    king and his family
  • Proclaimed a republic
  • Border disputes with Kuwait and Iran
  • Oil made the country wealth and powerful
  • Baath Party gained power in 1968
  • Saddam Hussein came to power in 1979
  • Ever sense the country has been in turmoil

18
Kurds
  • Language Kurdish
  • Religion Islam
  • Location was and is border separating Turkey,
    Iran, Iraq, Syria, and former Soviet Union
  • Call area Kurdistan
  • Do not have self rule
  • Largest ethnic group in world without a homeland
  • Have been slaughtered by the Iranians, the Turks
    and the Iraqis
  • The P.K.K (Partiya Karkaren Kurdistan) are a
    militant group of Turkish Kurds fighting for a
    homeland
  • A Kurdish saying
  • Kurds have no friends

19
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20
Palestinians
  • Language Arabic
  • Religion Islam
  • Location was Palestine the areas surrounded by
    Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon
  • In 1948, Palestine was formed into the Jewish
    state of Israel
  • Many Palestinian lost their homes, farms and
    businesses
  • Many became refugees (4.5 / 7.5 million
    Palestinians)
  • Some live in Israel (1 million)
  • Some live in West Bank and Gaza areas
  • Some live in surrounding countries (Jordan and
    Lebanon)
  • Many live in refugee camps
  • Many want a fully independent Palestinian state
  • Conflict between Palestinians and Israeli
    continues today

21
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22
Israelis
  • Language Hebrew and Arabic are official
  • Religion Jewish (82) rest are Muslim and
    Christians
  • Location Israel
  • Israel today 4.1 million Jews .9 million
    Arabs
  • Jews have move to various parts of the world
  • Abraham led his people to Canaan
  • Roman Empire conquered the region called it
    Palestine
  • Forced Jews to move diaspora
  • Arabs conquered Palestine in the mid-1600s
  • Come under control of Ottoman Empire
  • End of WWI come under British control
  • Movement known as Zionism began
  • In 1948, Israel was created by the United Nations
    as a homeland for the Jews

23
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24
Women in the Middle East
  • Prior to Islam women were slightly less valuable
    than livestock
  • Islam improved the lives of women greatly
  • Outlawed infanticide
  • Education of girls a duty
  • Woman had the right to own and inherit property
  • But they are not equal
  • Lives are governed by the Sharia
  • No single picture of women living under Islamic
    law
  • Veil tradition/required by law in many Arab
    countries
  • Represents freedom for many and pride in Islam
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