The First World War Adapted from McIntyre at http:worldhistory.pppst.com - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The First World War Adapted from McIntyre at http:worldhistory.pppst.com PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 7bd4-YTM5O



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The First World War Adapted from McIntyre at http:worldhistory.pppst.com

Description:

The First World War: Why? Long term causes: 1. Militarism. 2. Alliance system. 3. Imperialism ... The First World War: Where? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:269
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: robertmer
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The First World War Adapted from McIntyre at http:worldhistory.pppst.com


1
The First World War Adapted from McIntyre at
http//worldhistory.pppst.com
  • U.S. government WWI posters

2
The First World War
What?
  • War involving nearly all the nations of the world
  • When?
  • 1914-1918

3
The First World War
  • Why?

Long term causes 1. Militarism 2. Alliance sy
stem 3. Imperialism 4. Nationalism (Memory tip
Think MAIN.)
Short term cause Assassination of Franz
Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
4
The First World War
  • Who?

Central Powers
Allies
  • Germany
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Bulgaria
  • Russia
  • France
  • Great Britain
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • United States (1917)

5
The First World War
  • Where?

6
Why did it take so long for America to get
involved in the war?
  • America was isolationist.
  • Why should I get involved in someone elses
    problems?
  • The Monroe Doctrine (1823) sought to
    isolate the American
    continents from European
    influences and problems.

7
Thinking Slide
  • Is isolationism really an option for a country
    as powerful as the United States?
  • What are the disadvantages of isolationism?
  • What are the advantages?

8
Which side should the U.S. pick?
Central Powers
Allies
  • 11 million German- Americans
  • Irish-Americans hated Great Britain
  • Close cultural ties to other allies
  • American, England, and Frances economies were
    increasingly interdependent.

US Exports to both sides
9
What did it take to get the U.S. involved?
1. Blockades
  • Britain blockaded (stopped) all German ships
    going to America.

10
What did it take to get the U.S. involved?
1. Blockades
  • May, 1915 Germany told Americans to stay off
    British ships, and they could and would sink
    them.
  • Germany torpedoed the Lusitania, sinking it with
    1200 passengers and crew (including 128
    Americans).
  • It was eventually found to be carrying 4200
    cases of ammunition.

11
What did it take to get the U.S. involved?
1. Blockades
  • The US sharply criticized Germany for its
    action.
  • Germany agreed not to sink passenger ships
    without warning in the future.

12
What did it take to get the U.S. involved?
2. Unlimited Submarine Warfare
  • In 1917, Germany announced unlimited
    submarine warfare in the war zone.
  • Otherwise, Germanys blockade would not be
    successful.

13
What did it take to get the U.S. involved?
3. Zimmerman Note
  • The U.S. intercepted a note from Germany to
    Mexico.
  • It promised to give Texas, New Mexico,
    and
    Arizona back to
    Mexico in return for an
    alliance and attacking
    the United States.

14
What did it take to get the U.S. involved?
  • The Zimmerman Note and the sinking of four
    unarmed American ships led to a declaration of
    war.

15
How was the war looking for the allies?
Not Good...
  • Russia left the war after its communist
    revolution in 1917.
  • Russias withdrawal allowed Germany to fight a
    one- front war with all its troops concentrated
    on France (remember this point when you study
    WWII!).

16
Convincing the American People
  • Posters
  • How do you think these posters helped to
    convince the American people that the war was
    a good idea?

17
Convincing the American People
Idealism 2 Goals For War
  • Wilson had to convince American that this would
    be the War to End All Wars.
  • He had to convince American that beating the
    Germans and its allies would make the world safe
    for democracy.

18
Convincing the American People
Idealism Fourteen Points
President Wilsons Fourteen Points was his vision
for the future after the war, including freedom
of the seas and a League of Nations to work for
world peace.
19
What did the U.S. do to help?
Supplies
  • The U.S. provided the food, money, and fresh
    troops needed to win the war.

20
How did the war affect the U.S.?
Women
  • Women filled factory jobs
  • Womens war effort helped bring about passage of
    the 19th Amendment after the war giving women the
    right to vote.

African Americans
  • Black soldiers still served in segregated units.
  • In the Great Migration thousands of African
    Americans moved to the North to work in factories.

21
How did the war affect the U.S.?
Enforcing Loyalty
  • Hatred of all things German spread across the
    U.S. For example sauerkraut was renamed
    Liberty Cabbage.
  • The Espionage Act 1917 and the Sedition Act of
    1918 punished those against the war, many of
    whom were labor leaders.

22
What ended the war?
The Treaty of Versailles
  • After the Central Powers were exhausted by the
    war, especially after the US began fighting, it
    sought an armistice (the end of fighting).
  • The Treaty of Versailles (ver-sigh)
    was signed
    between the Allied powers
    and Germany.
  • It took land away from Germany.
  • It dismantled Germanys military.
  • It forced Germany to make reparations
    (payments) to the countries it harmed
    in the war.
  • This treaty so destroyed the German economy and
    the morale of the German people, that within 20
    years, they would start another world war.

23
Extend your learning
Movies
  • All Quiet on the Western Front
  • A Farewell to Arms
  • Gallipoli
  • Paths of Glory
  • Wings

Literature
  • All Quiet on the Western Front
  • A Farewell to Arms
  • Johnny Got His Gun
  • Under Fire
About PowerShow.com