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World War I

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... with the onset of World War I. African Americans & the War ... World War I. Leads to a labor shortage in manufacturing. Soldiers leave jobs. Fewer immigrants ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War I


1
World War I
  • African Americans the War

2
African Americans the War
  • Black Military Service
  • The proportion of black soldiers was double their
    proportion in the general population.
  • The army continued to segregate blacks in
    separate units.
  • The navy marines denied blacks from
    enlistment.
  • Most blacks were denied combat duty officer
    positions.
  • The all-black 369th Infantry Division saw more
    continuous combat action than any other unit.
  • Two members were among the first Americans to win
    the Croix de Guerre, a French military honor.

3
African Americans the War
  • Black Leaders War Views
  • W.E.B. DuBois Supports the war
  • He was a leading civil rights figure who founded
    the NAACP edited Crisis.
  • He supported the war effort. Why?
  • Cooperating with President Wilson in supporting
    the war could lead to more support for civil
    rights.
  • That which the German power represents today
    spells death to aspirations of Negroes all
    darker races for equality, freedom, democracy.

4
African Americans the War
  • Black Leaders War Views
  • William Monroe Trotter
  • He was a leading civil rights figure who founded
    edited the Boston Guardian..
  • He opposed the war effort. Why?
  • He believed that blacks who were being victimized
    by the government should not aid a racist
    government that oppresses them.

5
African Americans the War
  • The Great Migration
  • The Great War, along with other factors,
    encouraged a giant demographic change for African
    Americans.
  • Before the war, most African Americans lived in
    the rural South.
  • This began to change with the onset of World War
    I.

6
African Americans the War
  • The Great Migration
  • This migration was a massive movement of hundreds
    of thousands of blacks from the rural South to
    Northern urban areas.

7
African Americans the War
  • The Great Migration
  • Factors influencing the migration
  • Escape Racial Terrorism
  • The Bowl Weevil infestation terrible flooding
  • It ruined the cotton growing economy, leaving
    many rural black farmers with fewer job
    opportunities by 1916.
  • World War I
  • Leads to a labor shortage in manufacturing
  • Soldiers leave jobs
  • Fewer immigrants
  • Factory management lures blacks with newspaper
    ads free railroad passes.

8
African Americans the War
  • The Great Migration
  • Leads to racial tension race riots.
  • East St. Louis had a race riot in 1917.
  • 40 blacks died.
  • 9 whites died.
  • Chicago has a race riot in 1919.
  • 23 blacks died.
  • 15 whites died.
  • 342 blacks were injured.
  • 178 whites were injured.

9
African Americans the War
  • The Great Migration
  • The artwork is titled, The Migration of the
    Negro.
  • Jacob Lawrence is the artist.
  • The picture clearly conveys the common
    destinations of many African Americans during
    this time period.

10
African Americans the War
  • The Great Migration
  • This thematic map also illustrates the
    demographic change in the U.S. during this Great
    Migration.

11
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