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Civil%20Rights

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Civil Rights: ... Civil Rights Act of 1964: makes it illegal to discriminate in public ... Current civil rights issues ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Civil%20Rights


1
Civil Rights
2
What are civil rights?
  • Civil Liberties
  • Constitutional protections from government power.
    Liberty is protected when government does
    nothing.
  • Civil Rights
  • Guarantees to equal treatment under the laws that
    government must secure on behalf of its citizens.
    Government is obligated to act.

3
Tyranny of the Majority
  • When a majority is included in a faction, the
    form of popular government...enables it to
    sacrifice to its ruling passion or interest both
    the public good and the rights of other
    citizenswe well know that neither moral nor
    religious motives can be relied on as an adequate
    control.

4
White tyranny
  • Slavery
  • 13th, 14th, 15th amendments
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

5
Jim Crow Laws
  • Disenfranchisement
  • White primary.
  • Poll tax.
  • Literacy test.
  • Grandfather clauses provided to protect poor and
    illiterate whites.
  • Segregated public accommodations
  • Segregated transportation
  • Segregated education
  • Restrictive covenants

6
Evolution
  • NAACP legal strategies
  • Smith v. Alright (1945) White primaries
  • Swett v. Painter (1950)
  • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
  • World War II
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

7
Evolution
  • Nonviolent resistance
  • 1955 Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott
  • 1960 Greensboro, NC and other lunch counter
    sit-ins
  • 1961 Freedom Rides on interstate buses
  • 1963 Birmingham, AL demonstrations
  • 1963 March on Washington
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 makes it illegal to
    discriminate in public accommodations, schools,
    and employment
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 outlaws literacy tests
    and discriminatory local and state voting laws
    provides for federal registration of voters in
    low voting areas requires pre-clearance of
    changes to state voting laws

8
White and Black voter registration, southern
states, 1965(Bars represent the percent of white
and black citizens who are registered to vote)
9
Black voter registration, southern states, 1965
and 1967
10
Black and white voter registration, southern
states, 1967 (Post-VRA)
11
White-Black difference in voter registration,
1965
12
White-Black difference in voter registration,
1965 and 1967
13
Later developments
  • Remedial action
  • Affirmative action

14
Later developments
  • Remedial action
  • Affirmative action

15
See both sidesCurrent civil rights issues
  • Should the police be able to pull someone over
    without any other reason than that they belong to
    a racial group that is popularly associated with
    crime?
  • Should airport baggage screeners spend more time
    screening Arab or Arab-looking men than other
    people?
  • Should gay partners property automatically go to
    the other when one partner dies? (Should communal
    property laws apply to gay couples?)
  • Should states be able to pass laws requiring that
    all state business (including forms, etc.) be
    conducted in English?
  • Should bosses be prosecuted under Civil Rights
    laws for propositioning their employees?
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