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CIVIL RIGHTS

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... movement first civil rights movement. Tie-in with women's rights. Dred Scott Case ... Civil ... Civil Rights Movement. Movement to advance racial equality. Civil ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CIVIL RIGHTS


1
CIVIL RIGHTS
2
Civil Rights and Slavery
  • Slavery issue was very divisive
  • Abolitionist movement first civil rights
    movement
  • Tie-in with womens rights
  • Dred Scott Case
  • Court ruled that slaves were not US citizens and
    could not bring suit.
  • Civil War

3
Civil War Amendments
  • Adopted to provide freedom and equality to black
    Americans
  • 13th Amendment abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment provided that freed slaves are
    citizens of the US ensures due process of law
    and provides for equal protection of the laws
  • 15th Amendment ensured the right to vote to black
    Americans

4
Law Interpretation
  • Discrimination continued regardless of
    Amendments
  • Courts interpreted national and state citizenship
    as separate and distinct
  • Civil Rights cases
  • Courts allowed states to prevent voting other
    than racial (poll tax, literacy test, etc.)
  • Led to a situation of racial segregation

5
Pushing for Equality
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
  • doctrine of separate-but-equal
  • Formation of NAACP and womens groups
  • Passage of 19th Amendment (vote to women)
  • NAACP and litigation--test cases
  • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
  • Overturned Plessy decision ...Separate
    educational facilities are inherently unequal.
  • Use of equal protection clause of 14th amendment

6
Civil Rights Movement
  • Movement to advance racial equality
  • Civil Disobedience
  • nonviolent violation of law, led by Martin Luther
    King, Jr.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

7
Effects of Civil Rights Act
  • Education
  • Employment
  • found liable of discrimination if effects of
    practices excludes people
  • Womens Rights Movement
  • Equal Rights Amendment
  • equality of rights under the law shall not be
    denied or abridged by the US or any State on
    account of sex.

8
Other Groups Mobilize
  • Native Americans
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Homosexuals
  • Disabled Americans
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

9
Affirmative Action
  • Policy or program designed to redress prior
    discrimination.
  • Debate often centers around the question of
    equality of opportunity v. equality of results
  • Movement from equality of opportunity toward
    equality of results
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