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Disability awareness training VLE version

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Perception of risk or physical danger. Definitions of disability- disabled people's definition ... Therapy. Incapable. Illness. Special provision. Health care ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Disability awareness training VLE version


1
Disability awareness trainingVLE version
2
By the end of this CBT you will.
  • Understand why the Disability Discrimination Act
    (DDA) is necessary
  • Understand what is meant by disability
  • Understand the medical and social models of
    disability
  • Be more confident in dealing with disabled people
  • Be familiar with the law
  • Be familiar with what the College is doing to
    meet the requirements of the law

3
DDA - why is it necessary?
  • 10 million people are registered disabled in the
    U.K, including 5 of all children
  • In 2003, 24 of disabled people aged 16-24 had no
    qualifications at all, compared to 13 of
    non-disabled people of the same age
  • Disabled people are only half as likely as non
    disabled people to go to College or University
  • Disabled people die younger, partly due to
    unequal access to health screening, assessment
    and treatment. One study found that people with
    learning difficulties are 58 times more likely to
    die before 50 than other citizens

4
DDA - why is it necessary?
  • Only 50 of disabled adults are in work, compared
    to 80 of non disabled adults
  • Greater London Authority research in 2003 found
    that 50 of disabled respondents had experienced
    abuse or bullying because of their disability
  • NACRO research shows that disabled people are
    four times as likely as non disabled people to be
    robbed with the threat of violence
  • The same research shows that disabled people are
    twice as likely to be burgled than non disabled
    people

5
DDA - why is it necessary?
  • Compared to non disabled people, disabled people
    are -
  • More likely to live in poverty
  • More likely to be homeless
  • More likely to be the target of hate crime
  • More likely to die before 50

6
DDA definition of disability
  • A person has a disability if she/he has a
    physical or mental impairment which has a
    substantial and long term effect on their ability
    to carry out normal day to day duties
  • For the purposes of definition, the effects of
    medical or other treatments, aids or appliances
    are ignored

7
DDA definition of disability
  • To fall within the Act, the person must be
    affected by their disability in one of the
    following ways
  • Mobility
  • Physical co-ordination
  • Manual dexterity
  • Continence
  • Ability to lift, carry or otherwise move everyday
    objects
  • Speech, hearing or eyesight
  • Memory or ability to learn, concentrate or
    understand
  • Perception of risk or physical danger

8
Definitions of disability- disabled peoples
definition
  • Disability- the loss or limitation of ability to
    take part in the normal life of the community on
    an equal level with others due to physical and
    social barriers
  • Impairment - A medical condition or description
    of a functional limitation within the individual
    caused by loss or damage to physical,
    intellectual, psychological or emotional makeup

9
Differences between disability and impairment
  • An inability to walk is an impairment, however
    inability to access a building because the
    entrance is up a flight of steps is a disability
  • An inability to speak is an impairment, but an
    inability to communicate because appropriate
    technical aids are not made available is a
    disability
  • People are disabled by societys reaction to
    impairment

10
Medical model of disability
Diagnosis
Incapable
Illness
Drugs
Special provision
Therapy
Health care professionals
11
Problems with the medical model
  • The disabled person is central and powerless
  • Describes disabled people as ill and in need of
    treatment
  • Aim is to counter the effects of the impairment
    by curing the person
  • Disabled people who do not respond to the
    treatment can feel failed by the system and even
    feel personal failure
  • Disabled people are viewed as having something
    wrong with them
  • Disabled people are viewed as a burden on society

12
Social model of disability
Inclusion
Access
Attitude
Equality
Information
Choice
Society changing to include disabled people
13
Social model
  • The disabled person is central and powerful with
    rights and choices
  • Aims to counter the effects of the impairment by
    removing environmental and social barriers
  • The ultimate aim is to change society so that
    disabled people can participate on an equal basis
    with everyone else. This involves
  • Access to buildings, houses, public transport,
    information, employment and education
  • A change of attitude
  • An end to discrimination by removing
    dis-enabling (disabling) barriers

14
Language and terminology
  • The type of language we use to describe disabled
    people and types of disability is critical as
    some terminology reinforces negative stereotypes
    and is offensive to disabled people
  • Disabled is not a noun. The disabled implies a
    homogenous group, separate from the rest of
    society
  • Avoid attaching labels to people with or without
    impairments e.g. the word normal has no real
    meaning if we are all different!

15
Language and terminology
  • Dont make an adjective into a noun, e.g. a
    diabetic, or an asthmatic. Use people with
    diabetes, or people with asthma
  • Avoid handicapped, use disabled
  • Avoid victim of or crippled by, use person
    who has, or person with
  • Avoid suffering from or afflicted by, use
    living with
  • Avoid invalid use disabled person
  • Avoid mentally handicapped use learning
    difficulties
  • Avoid mental illness use mental health
    difficulty

16
Points to be aware of...
  • Leaning on a persons wheelchair is the same as
    leaning on the person. The chair is part of
    their personal space
  • Dont grab the back of someones wheelchair to
    push it along. Wheelchair users can usually get
    around under their own power, however if they
    need help to overcome obstacles, they will ask
    for it
  • Where appropriate, move from behind counter/desk
    to sit beside the wheelchair user

17
Points to be aware of...
  • When offering assistance to someone who has a
    visual impairment, allow her/him to take your
    arm. Guide, dont lead or propel them
  • When communicating with someone who is deaf or
    hard of hearing, be aware of any background
    noises, face him/her when speaking, and check
    your understanding by asking questions
  • When communicating with someone who has
    difficulty with speech or language, be patient,
    dont finish her/his sentences

18
Points to be aware of...
  • Just because someone has difficulty speaking does
    not mean they will have difficulty understanding
    you
  • Summarise and ask closed questions to check your
    understanding
  • It might sometimes be useful to ask the person to
    write things down if you are still having
    difficulty understanding them after several
    attempts

19
Points to be aware of.
  • Not all impairments are visible, try to avoid
    making assumptions based on what you see. The
    following are just a few examples of invisible
    impairment
  • People with mental health difficulties
  • People with epilepsy
  • People with AIDS
  • People with learning difficulties

20
Points to be aware of...
  • If you are planning an event
  • involve disabled people in your planning
  • include information about accessibility in your
    publicity
  • if you do not, then disabled people may not
    attend due previous negative experiences

21
Disability equality - the new duty
  • Within the most recent legislation, the College
    has both general and specific duties.
  • The general duty has six elements, and requires
    us to give due regard to -
  • eliminating unlawful discrimination and
  • eliminating disability related harassment and
  • promoting equality of opportunity between
    disabled persons and other persons and

22
Disability equality - the new duty
  • General duty ctd
  • taking steps to take account of disabled persons
    disabilities even where that involves treating
    disabled persons more favourably than other
    persons and
  • promoting positive attitudes towards disabled
    persons and
  • encouraging participation by disabled persons in
    public life

23
Disability equality - the new duty
  • We have three Specific Duties under the Act. We
    must
  • Publish a Disability Equality Scheme by Dec 06
  • Prepare and regularly review an action plan that
    sets out the steps to fulfil the new duties
  • Review, revise and publish the Scheme every three
    years

24
What does this mean in practice?
  • We must make reasonable adjustments for disabled
    people
  • For students this might include special exam
    arrangements extending essay deadlines making
    changes to course content providing learning
    support assistants etc.
  • For staff, this might include provision of
    specialist keyboards or computers adjustments to
    desks and chairs etc.

25
What does this mean in practice?
  • We must anticipate the needs of disabled people
    and remove barriers accordingly
  • For students, this might mean scheduling classes
    on the ground floor providing hearing loops in
    classrooms providing materials in alternative
    formats providing communication support workers
    etc.
  • For staff it might mean when replacing old
    equipment, accessible equipment is always
    purchased

26
What does this mean in practice?
  • We must involve disabled people in writing our
    disability equality scheme and action plan
  • We must conduct impact assessments on all of our
    policies
  • We must monitor progress towards equality

27
What is the College doing?
  • The Disability Task Group and the Disability
    Equality Policy Statement support the College to
    meet these duties, and provide the framework from
    which the Disability Equality Scheme will be
    developed
  • Groups of staff, students and community members
    are being established to impact assess policies
    and to be involved in establishing the College
    disability equality scheme and action plan

28
Sources of support - students
  • The Learning Support team provides advice to
    staff on reasonable adjustments and additional
    support for students
  • The Learning Support team also provide specialist
    training on teaching students with learning
    difficulties

29
Sources of support - staff
  • The College is
  • The HR department, and Occupational Health Nurse
    are happy to help staff with queries and
    additional support
  • The Resources folder in OEveryoneEquality and
    Diversity0607 contains helpful resources for
    use with students

30
Completion
  • Thank you for completing the Disability
    Awareness Training CBT
  • Further equality and diversity training packages
    are available on the VLE
  • For further information, or to provide feedback,
    please contact Theresa Linder lindert_at_bpc.ac.uk
    or call extn 5417
  • Please complete an Equality and Diversity test if
    you have not already successfully done so
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