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Democracies, Semidemocracies and authoritarian political systems

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Liberal democracy: a form of representative ... non-democracy? ... Semi-democracy v. semi-authoritarian: is the glass half empty or half full? Does it matter? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Democracies, Semidemocracies and authoritarian political systems


1
Democracies, Semi-democracies and authoritarian
political systems
2
ROOM CHANGE
  • STARTING WEDNESDAY, POSC 2300 WILL MEET IN SN 2105

3
TYPES OF POLITICAL SYSTEMS
  • Democratic vs. Semi-democratic vs. Authoritarian
  • ----------------
  • Consolidated vs. Transitional
    states
  • ---------------
  • Developed vs. Developing states
  • ----------------

4
DEMOCRACY LIBERAL DEMOCRACY
  • Democracy in its simplest form
  • Rule of the many popular control, participation
  • Representative democracy a variant of
    democracy in which popular control is exercised
    through elected representatives
  • Liberal democracy a form of representative
    democracy involving majority rule, respect for
    minority rights, and the rule of law

5
Typically realized through
  • Extension of right to participate to all
    citizens
  • Political Competition
  • Freedom of Expression

6
TYPES OF LIBERAL DEMOCRACY
7
OTHER WAYS IN WHICH DEMOCRACIES CAN VARY
  • ADVERSARIAL v. CONSENSUS
  • ?-------------------------------------------------
    ------?
  • DEVELOPED VS. UNDER-DEVELOPED
  • ?-------------------------------------------------
    -------------?
  • STABLE v. UNSTABLE
  • ?-------------------------------------------------
    --?

8
Authoritarian systems
  • Characteristics?
  • non-democracy?
  • A system in which power is held (or arrogated) by
    a single individual or group without reference to
    elections or popular control

9
Varieties of authoritarianism
  • Tyranny?
  • Simple dictatorship
  • Rule by a single individual or group
  • Military government
  • Monarchy?
  • Fascism?
  • Communism?

10
Totalitarianism
  • A form of authoritarianism characterized by
  • Frequent mobilization of the population
  • Recourse to terror
  • A total grip of the state on its citizens
  • Atomization of the population
  • Reduction, if not elimination of any private
    space
  • Relatively rare -- a 20th c phenomenon

11
Examples of totalitarian systems
  • Nazi Germany
  • The Soviet Union (USSR) under Stalin
  • The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) under Mao
    Zedong
  • North Korea
  • Cuba?

12
Communist regimes
  • A form of authoritarianism characterized by
  • a dominant Communist Party
  • constitutionally mandated to control and guide
    the state apparatus,
  • implement socialism and prepare the way for an
    eventual communist system in which
  • The state has withered away
  • Society is organized on the principle from each
    according to his (her) means to each according
    to their needs

13
Actually existing Communism
  • A party-state system, characterized by
  • A single communist party monopolizing of
    dominating political life
  • The Communist Party inter-penetrates and
    dominates the state
  • The Communist Party organizes and mobilizes the
    population
  • The Communist Party monopolizes access to the
    political system

14
Authoritarianism vs. Totalitarianism
  • Authoritarian systems lack (or fail to maintain)
    the total grip characteristic of totalitarian
    systems there is some private space beyond the
    grasp of the state
  • Less recourse to force or arbitrary terror
  • What is and is not acceptable is more
    predictable
  • There may be a state of law

15
Examples of authoritarian systems
  • The Soviet Union after Stalin
  • The Peoples Republic of China after Mao
  • Portugal from 1926-1974 (Salazar govt
    1932-1968)
  • Spain from 1939-1975 (Franco dictatorship

16
ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY
  • What is it?
  • Illiberal democracy v. semi-democracy? Is there
    a difference
  • Semi-democracy v. semi-authoritarian
  • is the glass half empty or half full?
  • Does it matter?

17
ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY
  • How does illiberal democracy differ from
  • Liberal democracy?
  • Authoritarianism?
  • Examples of illiberal democracy?
  • Is illiberal democracy becoming a more common
    form of government? If so, why?

18
REMINDER
  • PLEASE SIGN UP FOR
  • THE POSC2300
  • LISTSERV
  • (follow directions on p. 2 of the course outline)

19
ROOM CHANGE
  • STARTING WEDNESDAY, POSC 2300 WILL MEET IN SN 2105

20
STUDENT INFORMATION CARD
  • Political Science 2300
  • Name
  • Student number
  • Local address
  • Home address (if different)
  • Telephone
  • E-mail
  • Year of study
  • Major
  • minor
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