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Alliance for the Conservation of the Central American PineOak Forest

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Pronatura Chiapas (Mexico) began studies of Golden-cheeked Warbler in pine-oak forest ... project for Golden-cheeked Warbler initiated in Sierra de Las ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alliance for the Conservation of the Central American PineOak Forest


1
Alliance for the Conservation of the Central
American Pine-Oak Forest
2
Central American Pine-Oak Forest
Ecoregion 103,842.71 km2
3
Importance
  • Zone of high conifer diversity (high levels of
    hybridization and a center of speciation of
    pines)
  • Large number of endemic species, 23 spp globally
    threatened
  • Priority Terrestrial Ecoregion or hotspot
    (Conservation International)
  • Wintering area or migration route for 225 species
    of migratory birds

4
Importance
  • Source of forest products and high ecotourism
    potential
  • Conservation status in critical danger (WWF)
    and threatened(TNC) (deforestation, forest
    fires, conversion to agriculture, industrial
    plantations, cattle raising)

5
Regional Concerns
  • Current forest area 26,728.35 km² (25.7 of
    original extent)
  • 74.3 of the original forest has disappeared,
    primarily due to agricultural conversion
  • Average rate of regional deforestation 60,000
    ha/year at this rate, all forest will disappear
    in 45 years
  • High incidence of forest fires, poor forest
    management, illegal logging
  • High indices of poverty and extreme poverty
  • Low representation of Pine-Oak in National
    Protected Areas Systems (8.3)
  • Limited knowledge about biodiversity in the
    ecoregion

6
Golden-cheeked Warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia)
  • Migratory species
  • Nests in Texas, US
  • Winters in pine-oak forests from August-March
  • Globally threatened
  • Habitat loss and degradation due to urban
    development, deforestation, fires, extraction of
    timber, charcoal, and firewood
  • Limited number of protected areas in its winter
    range

Breeding range
Wintering range
7
Ecoregional Distribution of Golden-cheeked Warbler
8
Protected Winter Habitat
Potential habitat in the ecoregion (red) 19,510
km² Potential habitat in protected areas (pink)
1,449 km².
9
Formation of the Alliance
  • 1990-93. Pronatura Chiapas (Mexico) began studies
    of Golden-cheeked Warbler in pine-oak forest
  • 1995. Studies of Rappole et al. documenting the
    winter range in Central America
  • 1999. Conservation project for Golden-cheeked
    Warbler initiated in Sierra de Las Minas,
    Guatemala
  • 1999. SalvaNatura (El Salvador) began studies of
    the avifauna of pine-oak forest
  • 2000-03. FDN (Guatemala) and Pronatura conducted
    studies of distribution and ecology and
    implemented conservation actions in pine-oak
    forest
  • 2001. FDN sponsored a workshop on the
    conservation of the warbler in its winter range
    in Río Hondo, Guatemala

10
Formation of the Alliance
  • 2001. Formation of an alliance for the
    conservation of the warbler and development of
    standardized methodologies for the study of the
    species in its wintering habitat at the Rio Hondo
    workshop
  • 2002-2003. FDN, Pronatura, and SalvaNatura
    participated in the project Quercus and Aves
    funded by NMBCA, a multinational collaborative
    project for the conservation of Mesoamerican
    temperate forests
  • 2003-2005. Pronatura developed the project
    Conservation of temperate forests and capacity
    building in Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras with
    NMBCA funding

11
Formation of the Alliance
  • 2003. A symposium on the conservation of the
    pine-oak forest and the Golden-cheeked Warbler
    was held at the VIIth Congress of the
    Mesoamerican Society for Biology and Conservation
    in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, Mexico
  • The symposium was attended by 120 persons
    students, researchers, conservationists, and
    agency staff from 8 countries (US, Mexico,
    Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua,
    Costa Rica, Panama)
  • Research papers on work with Golden-cheeked
    Warbler were presented, based on studies in both
    the US and in Mesoamerica
  • The Alliance for the conservation of the
    pine-oak forest of Mesoamerica was formed

12
Letter of Understanding for the Alliance
  • FDN, TNC Guat
  • SalvaNatura
  • Fundación Educa
  • ALAS
  • Pronatura, IHNE, IMAC, TNC Chis
  • TNC TX, TPWD, Zoo Conservation Outreach Group

13
Fundamental Objectives of the Alliance
  • Promote conservation of the pine-oak forest
    ecoregion as habitat for migratory and threatened
    resident species
  • Focus efforts on the study and conservation of
    the Golden-cheeked Warbler along its
    distributional range (species conservation plan)
  • Promote capacity building, community leadership
    and other multisectoral working groups in the
    conservation and management of temperate forests
    in the ecoregion
  • Involve all key stakeholders in decision-making
    and planning processes, processes, and management
    and conservation of the forest and its bird
    species

14
Objectives continued….
  • Establish cooperative programs to prevent,
    combat, and manage forest fires and invasive
    insects
  • Disseminate information about the importance of
    the conservation of this ecoregion and its birds
    species
  • Identify and manage financial resources that will
    allow the Alliance to complete proposed actions
  • Disseminate information that demonstrates the
    Alliances collaborative efforts, such as
    communication and coordination efforts to
    strengthen the Alliance

15
Achievements of the Alliance
  • Development of a standardized methodology to
    study the Golden-cheeked Warbler across its
    wintering range
  • Development of an ecoregional conservation plan
  • Development of regional proposals
  • Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act-NMBCA
    and TNC (Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras and
    Nicaragua)
  • Legacy Fund (Chiapas, Guatemala and Honduras)
  • Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (Ecoregion)
  • US Forest Service (Honduras and Nicaragua)
  • Fundación Saul (Honduras)
  • Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act-NMBCA
    (El Salvador)
  • Consolidation of the regional Alliance

16
  • Conservation Plan for the Central American
    Pine-Oak Forest Ecoregion and the Golden-cheeked
    Warbler

17
Needs
  • Develop a strategic plan for consolidation of the
    Alliance
  • Focus actions on conservation of the pine-oak
    forest ecoregion and its animal species

18
Planning Process
  • Initiated in June, 2005
  • Completed in December, 2007
  • Implemented CAP methodology
  • Recieved financial and technical support from TNC
  • Held 5 national workshops and 3 regional meetings
    to promote
  • the plan
  • Involved participation of 32 institutions and
    more than 70 professionals

19
Methodology
20
Viability Analysis
21
Threats Analysis
22
Objetivos
23
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25
Prioritization of sites for the conservation of
pine-oak forest
  • SPOT (Spatial Portfolio Optimization Tool)
    identifies the best areas for conservation with
    the least cost
  • Conservation target Potential habitat for
    Golden-cheeked Warbler
  • Two goals (scenarios)
  • 2.5 million acres conserved (1 million ha) in 5
    years across the entire ecoregion
  • 618,000 acres conserved (250,000 ha) at sites
    outside of protected areas

26
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Prioritization of sites Chiapas, Mexico
29
Prioritization of sites Guatemala
30
Prioritization of sites El Salvador
31
Prioritization of sites Honduras
32
Prioritization of sites Nicaragua
33
Biological Monitoring
34
Challenges
  • Estimated budget
  • 22 million over 5-10 years
  • Very ambitious plan in terms of acreage goals,
    but there is growing regional and national
    interest in conserving the pine-oak forest
  • Regional and national coordination
  • Availability of profitable economic alternatives
    for rural communities

35
Muchas Gracias!
Thanks!
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