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New Interaction Techniques

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New Interaction Techniques. Department of Computer Sciences ... [8] Stork, S., M sseler, J. ... [10] M sseler, J., Stork, S., & Kerzel, D. (2000) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Interaction Techniques


1
New Interaction Techniques
Visualization for Temporal events
Grigori Evreinov
Department of Computer SciencesUniversity of
Tampere, Finland
Department of Computer SciencesUniversity of
Tampere, Finland
www.cs.uta.fi/grse/
September December, 2003
2
Temporal Events
? Time perception



a sequential appearance of events, entities, or
their properties leads to the time perception 1,
2 in-/decrement of some parameter with time can
be transformed into the spatial pattern of
discrete or analogous signals spatial
distribution of these signals can be
proportional, or non-proportional, to the initial
temporal intervals depends on conventions in
any case, spatially-distributed signals will be
perceived like a sequence of similar or different
events which are stimuli for human
perception there are two main metaphors for time
presentation
Time-line and Clock Face /Dial both absolute
time imaging and perception have difference
/error between real temporal parameters of the
event, presented value and perceived moments
onset /start, offset /stop and duration of some
interval
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 01_15
31.10.2003
3
Temporal Events
time is the most important dimension in music its
representation and manipulation is crucial for
the expressiveness of a composition environment
3 therefore imaging for temporal events was
especially developed for Musical Instrument
Digital Interface (MIDI) 4
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 02_15
31.10.2003
4
Temporal Events
Peter Hanappe 3 gives the following list of
some of the issues in time representation
concerning music events and objects the
description of timing information the
construction of composite temporal objects the
use of composite objects as basic elements the
definition of temporal relations between
objects the manipulation and transformation of
composite objects the interactive, dynamic
control of a composition the relations between
continuous time and event time time and hierarchy
in musical structures the manipulation of
continuous time functions the relation between
composed time and performance time the
representation of temporal information during
runtime the relation between out-of-time''
structures and in-time'' realization
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 03_15
31.10.2003
5
Temporal Events
there are many other examples when user is in
time-dependent situation and must evaluate short
intervals to make a decision, change own behavior
or interaction strategy the systems, based on
head /eye /finger tracking, use temporal window
to simulate mouse actions herewith, spatial or
temporal (sound) time imaging can influence onto
the experimental data due to attention
perception features 5, 6, 7
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov
04_15 31.10.2003
6
Temporal Events
an attention shift can be easily elicited by a
stimulus appearing in the periphery (e.g.,
Theeuwes, 1991) an attention shift takes time
(e.g., Müller Findlay, 1988) a phenomenal
representation of a stimulus is not available
before the end of an attention shift (e.g., Van
der Heijden, 1992) (cit. on 7)
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 05_15
31.10.2003
7
Temporal Events
to be an effective, visualization first should
concentrate user attention on the task, target or
whatever noise is interference of signals with
similar parameters that distract and not allow to
accomplish the task effectively
http//www.inference.phy.cam.ac.uk/djw30/dasher/m
ovies.html
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 06_15
31.10.2003
8
Temporal Events
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 07_15
31.10.2003
9
Temporal Events
Usability-testing software for
Time Indicator 1
the task is how to synchronize the user behavior
regarding temporal window (dwell time, scan
interval or whatever) not only to help in visual
search, but the time imaging should aid the user
in planning the motor actions and with a decision
making
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 08_15
31.10.2003
10
Temporal Events
the special test showed that visualization of the
temporal process sometimes does not add useful
information for user but distracts and throws out
of time while an average error rate was
inessential increased, latent period and
dispersion of reactions increased up to 30
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 09_15
31.10.2003
11
Temporal Events
lblComm
Clear
lblDrawGraph
Open
Save
lblTestSymb
txtTest comments
Shape4
Shape1
lblScan
lblGrid1
lblGrid2
Clear
Shape2
Shape5
Grid
Shape3
Shape6
EditTools
String1
lblRTime
lblError2
lblError
String2
lblTimeS
lblMode1
lblMode
String3
Statistics() Rtime, ms s (st.dev), ms
scan interval
DrawError
delay
TestStop
DrawGraph1
ShapeSize to change ind.
BtnInput
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 10_15
10.10.2003
12
Temporal Events
Time Indicator 2
the task is how to present a temporal window
(dwell time) in eye-gaze interface adhering to
the principle of minimal distraction
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 11_15
31.10.2003
13
Temporal Events
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 12_15
31.10.2003
14
Temporal Events
Form_MouseMove()
Open
Save
shpKey1
txtTest comments
DwStart()
chkTrack1
lblTestTime
shpKey2
chkTrack2
lblGraph
DwStop()
Arrow1
optArrow
lblAnim
Shape2
optCircle
lblInterval
chkCircleV
lblPause
ArrowPos()
Shape1
lblVisCursor
DrawTrack()
lblSzCircle
PictureRefresh()
imgAnim
lblSizeInd
lblTime
lblStart
EditControls()
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 13_15
31.10.2003
15
Temporal Events
References 1 The Experience and Perception of
Time. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
http//plato.stanford.edu/entries/time-experience/
2 William James (1890) The Principles of
Psychology. Chapter XVJ. of Speculative
Philosophy, vol. XX. p. 374 The perception of
time. Cit. on http//psychclassics.yorku.ca/James/
Principles/prin15.htm 3 Hanappe, P. Design and
implementation of an integrated environment for
music composition and synthesis. PhD Theses,
1999, available at http//www.ircam.fr/equipes/re
pmus/Rapports/PeterHanappe99/ 4 MIDI Timing
Concepts, http//music.northwestern.edu/links/proj
ects/midi/pages/miditmcn.html 5 Perception of
Space and Time. Task dependent timing of
perceptual events. Project site on
http//www.mpipf-muenchen.mpg.de/CA/RESEARCH/raumz
eit_e.htm http//www.mpipf-muenchen.mpg.de/CA
/PROJECTS/DFG_event_timing_e.html 6 Thornton,
I.M. Exploring the onset repulsion effect.
Investigative Ophthalmology Visual Science 41,
4221 (2000), http//www.kyb.tuebingen.mpg.de/pub
lications/pdfs/pdf1994.pdf 7 Müsseler, J.
Aschersleben, G. (1998). Localising the first
position of a moving stimulus The Fröhlich
effect and an attention-shifting explanation.
Perception Psychophysics, 60, 683-695,
http//www.mpipf-muenchen.mpg.de/CA/PEOPLE/MUJO/PO
STER/Poster_Chicago.pdf 8 Stork, S., Müsseler,
J. Neggers, B. (2001). The influence of eye
movements on the perceived vanishing point of a
moving stimulus. Poster präsentiert auf der 4.
Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz, Tübingen, März
2001. http//www.mpipf-muenchen.mpg.de/CA/PEOPLE/M
UJO/POSTER/TWK2001.pdf 9 Wu Jing-Ling, Nobuki,
O. and Sakai, Y. Human Characteristic on Phase
Discrimination between Visual and Auditory
Sine-Wave Stimuli. Available at
http//www.sccs.chukyo-u.ac.jp/ICCS/olp/o1-11/o1-1
1.htm
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov 14_15
31.10.2003
16
Temporal Events
10 Müsseler, J., Stork, S., Kerzel, D. (2000)
Vergleich von Lokalisationsfehlern am Anfang, in
der Mitte und am Ende einer Bewegung (Fröhlich
Effekt, Flash-Lag Effekt und Repräsentationales
Momentum) Poster präsentiert auf der 41. Meeting
der Psychonomic Society, New Orleans, 16.-19.
November 2000, http//www.mpipf-muenchen.mpg.de/CA
/PEOPLE/MUJO/POSTER/Poster_NewOrleans.pdf 11
Lankford, C. 2000. Effective Eye-Gaze Input Into
Windows, in Proceedings of the Eye Tracking
Research Applications Symposium 2000 (ETRA'00),
Palm Beach Gardens, FL, ACM Press, 23-27. 12
Hansen, J.P., Johansen, A.S., Hansen, D.W., Kenji
Itoh and Satoru Mashino. Language Technology in a
Predictive, Restricted On-screen Keyboard with
Ambiguous Layout for Severely Disabled People.
Paper submitted to the EACL 2003 Workshop on
Language Modeling for Text Entry Methods, April
13, 2003, Budapest, Hungary. http//www.it-c.dk/
research/EyeGazeInteraction/Papers/Hansen_et_al_20
03a.pdf 13 Majaranta, P., MacKenzie, I. S.,
Aula, A., Räihä, K.-J. (2003). Metrics for text
entry research Auditory and visual feedback
during eye typing. Proceedings of the ACM
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
- CHI 2003, pp. 766-767. New York ACM.
http//www.yorku.ca/mack/chi03d.html 14 Fabre,
J., Howard, S. and Smith, R. Designing time at
the user interface. Behaviour Information
Technology, 2000, Vol. 19(6), 451-463. 15
Carlis, J.-V. and Konston, J.-A. Interactive
visualization of serial periodic data. In Proc.
Of the ACM Conference on User Interface Software
and Technology (UIST), San Francisco, CA,
1998. 16 Mizobuchi, S., Wanobe, E. How long is
a long key press? In Proceedings of
INTERACT01, Michitake Hirose (Ed.), IOS Press,
IFIP, 2001, pp.735-736.
TAUCHI MMIG G. Evreinov
15_15 31.10.2003
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