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Renewable Energy: A European Perspective Rick Sellers Head, Renewable Energy Unit Office of Energy E

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Title: Renewable Energy: A European Perspective Rick Sellers Head, Renewable Energy Unit Office of Energy E


1
Renewable Energy A European
Perspective Rick Sellers Head, Renewable
Energy Unit Office of Energy Efficiency,
Technology, and Energy Research and
Development International Energy
Agency rick.sellers_at_iea.org
2
Main Points
  • What are prevailing European views regarding
    global energy markets and the role of renewables
    in those markets?
  • How do Europeans tend to view their strategic
    interests in these markets?
  • What actions are Europeans taking to serve these
    markets?
  • What questions regarding these issues deserve
    further analysis?

3
Key Drivers in EU RE policies
Local and regional development
Environment
Reducing emissions of CO2 and other pollutants
(acid rain, etc.)
Economic and social cohesion
Security of supply
Local job creation
Reducing imports
4
World Primary Energy Demand
Oil
Natural gas
Coal
Hydro power
Non-hydro renewables
Nuclear power
Gas grows fastest in absolute terms non-hydro
renewables fastest in terms, but oil remains
the dominant fuel in 2030
Source IEA World Energy Outlook 2002
5
Map of Global Energy Poverty
1.6 billion people have no access to electricity,
80 of them in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa
Source IEA World Energy Outlook 2002
6
Regional Shares in World Primary Energy Demand
62 of the increase in world demand between 2000
and 2030 comes from developing countries,
especially in Asia
7
World Primary Energy Supply - Current Policies -
Source IEA World Energy Outlook 2002
8
Total
DCs off grid
additional 250m people served
additional 700m people served
SIMULI Analysis 2001
9
Annual Growth of Renewables Supply from 1971 to
2000
Source International Energy Agency (IEA)
10
Share of Renewables in Electricity
Generation Policies make a difference

The role of non-hydro renewables is much greater
in all OECD regions, especially Europe
Source IEA World Energy Outlook 2002
11
Source IEA World Energy Outlook 2002
12
Source IEA World Energy Outlook 2002
13
RTD and promotion to support EU energy policies
European (EU) Policies and Targets Directives and
Legislation
Market development, Certification, Planning,
Financing, Promotion
Research, Development, and Demonstration of
Technology (RTD) Integrated projects, Specific
Targeted Research Projects, Co-ordination
Actions, Specific Support Actions
14
EU Energy Policy Papers
  • COM on Green Paper on Security of Energy Supply
    (Jun 2002)
  • White Paper on Common Transport Policy (Oct.
    2001)
  • White Paper on Renewable Energy Sources (Nov.
    1997)
  • Action plan to improve Energy Efficiency in the
    EU (April 2000)
  • Renewable Electricity Directive 2001/77/EC (Sept
    2001)
  • Directive on Buildings Energy Performance (Dec
    2002)
  • COM on Alternative Fuels - 2 Biofuel Directives
    (Nov 2001)
  • Proposed CHP (Co-generation) Directive (July
    2002)

15
EU Targets
RES-e DIRECTIVE 2001 to establish a framework
to increase the share of green electricity from
14 to 22 of gross electricity consumption by
2010
White paper 1997 (Green paper 2001) increase
share of RES from 6 to 12 of gross consumption
by 2010
Liquid biofuels targets 2 by 2005 5.75 by
2010
Energy efficiency target to reduce energy
intensity by a further 1 percentage point per
year until 2010
Comply with EU commitments under the 1997 Kyoto
Protocol on reducing greenhouse gas emissions
Johannesburg coalition of the willing to work
to increase the use of RES using targets and
timetables
16

Directive 2001/77/EC
17
FP6 short and medium-term research areas / topics
(405 M)
  • CLEAN ENERGY, IN PARTICULAR RENEWABLES
  • Cost effective supply
  • Large scale integration
  • ENERGY SAVINGS AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY
  • Eco-buildings
  • Polygeneration
  • ALTERNATIVE MOTOR FUELS
  • Biofuels, natural gas and H2
  • CIVITAS 2

18
Clean energy work programme
  • Cost effective supply of renewable energy
  • Electricity, in particular from biomass and /
    or waste derived fuels, wind, photovoltaics
    and geothermal
  • Heating and Cooling from renewable energy
    sources
  • Production and processing of liquid and
    gaseous biofuels

19
Energy savings and energy efficiency
  • ECO-BUILDINGS
  • design, construction and operation of new
    buildings
  • energy performance of the refurbished buildings
  • POLYGENERATION
  • energy technologies for providing electricity,
    heating, cooling and/or other energy products and
    services, including CHP
  • fuel cells, hydrogen, renewables in the energy
    system

20
Alternative motor fuels
  • FOCUS ON BIOFUELS, NATURAL GAS and H2
  • Well to wheel approach for the Integration of
    alternative fuels into the transport system
  • The Well to wheel approach should address
    innovative integrated approaches to feedstock,
    production, storage, distribution and use
  • Strategies for market penetration as well as
    monitoring and assessment of on-going initiative
  • Testing implementation and transition
    strategies for Clean Urban Transport (CIVITAS II)

21
Medium / long term RTD priorities for PV in FP6
  • Organic Solar Cells
  • PV Concentration
  • Application of PV in buildings
  • PV systems including MW-size PV plants

22
Short / medium term RTD priorities for PV in FP6
  • CONCERTO initiative
  • Increased supply of renewable energy with
    efficient energy demand management in local
    communities
  • Eco-buildings
  • Polygeneration

23
European PV research FP6 2002 - 2006
  • Short and medium term - 405 M
  • Emphasis on demonstrations
  • Cost reductions
  • Large scale integration into recognised supply
    chains
  • Medium and long term - 405 M
  • Emphasis on research
  • Improved technologies and systems
  • New and improved devices

24
Intelligent Energy - Europe Programme (200 M
over 4 years)
25
EU - international co-operation
The European Research Area must be opened up to
the rest of the world. This will enable EU
countries, and third countries, to benefit from
international cooperation in Science
Technology, thereby paving the way for closer
political and economic relations. (P. Busquin,
Commissioner for Research)
  • 285 M for partners in RTD projects from
    countries with FP6 cooperation agreements, or
    other countries if their participation is
    necessary for the work to be done
  • 315 M for special international INCO
    research actions
  • Mobility of researchers (incoming and outgoing)

26
EU Energy Initiative
Partnerships with Developing Countries
(the Coalition of the Willing)
27
CONCLUSIONS RTD Programs
  • Limited number of integrated RTD projects with a
    real European dimension
  • Serious efforts on cost reductions for RES
  • Innovative integration in Eco-buildings and
    Polygeneration
  • From individual technology projects to
    initiatives in local communities - CONCERTO
  • International and Enlargement dimensions

28
  • A continuously evolving database referencing
    renewable energy policies and measures in IEA
    countries (20 European Countries)
  • Live to a public audience since May 2003
  • Searchable by 3 criteria, country, policy type,
    or renewable energy technology
  • http//library.iea.org/renewables/index.asp

29
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32
From the previous screen the record you receive
is
33
  • 20 European Countries listed
  • Database observations
  • Feed-in Tariffs most common European policy tool
  • Solar Photovoltaic features most prominently in
    European policies followed closely by wind
  • Belgium, Denmark and Sweden have the most
    Renewable Energy policies

34
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35
Conclusions
  • confidence is growing in grid connected markets,
    thanks to National subsidy schemes for the
    current generation of RE systems (subsidies
    comply with WTO and state aid rules)
  • industry is investing in new production
    capacity, but mainly for the current generation
    of technologies (for subsidised markets)
  • Commission tries to accelerate development,
    demonstration and market introduction of a new
    generation of cheaper RES systems

36
Sources of Information
  • EUROPA http//www.europa.eu.int
  • 6th Framework Programme (general)
    http//europa.eu.int/comm/research/fp6/index_en.ht
    ml
  • DG Research energy web site
  • http//europa.eu.int/comm/research/energy/index_e
    n.html
  • DG Energy and Transport energy web
    site http//europa.eu.int/comm/energy/index_en.ht
    ml
  • CORDIS http//www.cordis.lu
  • ManagEnergy (local/regional agencies, projects,
    partner search…) http//www.managenergy.net
  • Enquiries william.gillett_at_cec.eu.int

37
Contact us
  • www.iea.org
  • www.iea.org/techno/renew/index.htm
  • www.trecnet.org
  • http//www.iea.org/stats/files/renewables.htm

Rick Sellers Head, Renewable Energy
Unit International Energy Agency rick.sellers_at_iea.
org 33.1.4057.6563
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