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International disaster response laws, rules and principles IDRL

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Title: International disaster response laws, rules and principles IDRL


1
International disaster response laws, rules and
principles (IDRL)
2
Brief history of the IDRL Project
  • IDRL The laws, rules and principles applicable
    to international disaster response
  • Began as the International Disaster Response Law
    Project
  • Aimed to improve speed and effectiveness of
    international disaster response operations
  • Resolution of the Council of Delegates 2001
    requested International Federation, with support
    of National Societies, to
  • Compile and publish existing international laws
    and regulations applicable to international
    disaster response
  • Advocate for development and where applicable
    improvement and faithful application of IDRL
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of IDRL in
    humanitarian operations
  • Encourage States to become parties to the Tampere
    Convention
  • Report to Council of Delegates in 2005

3
Achievements 2002-2003
  • Field studies and research conducted in over 25
    countries
  • Compilation of international treaties and other
    documents
  • published on CD ROM
  • Publication of book IDRL Reflections,
    prospects and challenges
  • Report of consolidated findings and
    recommendations
  • Report presented to Council of Delegates 2003
  • Agenda for Humanitarian Action, Final Goal 3.2
    adopted by International Conference of the Red
    Cross and Red Crescent, December 2003

4
International recognition - highlights
  • UN General Assembly Resolution, Strengthening the
    effectiveness and coordination of international
    urban search and rescue, UNGA RES/57/150, 16
    December 2002
  • UN ECOSOC Report of the Secretary General,
    Strengthening the Coordination of Emergency
    Humanitarian Assistance (2002 and 2003)
  • Inter-Parliamentary Resolution, International
    cooperation for the prevention and management of
    transborder natural disasters, April 2003
  • 6th Asia and Pacific Regional Conference of Red
    Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Manila Action
    Plan, November 2002
  • 27th Inter-American Conference of the Red Cross,
    Santiago de Chile Commitment and Action Plan,
    April 2003

5
28th International Conference
  • Agenda for Humanitarian Action Final Goal 3.2
  • Welcomed the work undertaken so far, as noted in
    UN General Assembly Resolution 57/150
    (International Urban Search and Rescue)
  • Recognised the need for improved awareness,
    clarification, application and development of the
    laws, rules and principles applicable to
    international disaster response.
  • States and National Societies encouraged to work
    together to ensure fullest possible consideration
    and application of laws, rules and principles,
    including
  • Resolution 6 of 23rd International Red Cross and
    Red Crescent Conference on Measures to expedite
    international relief
  • UN General Assembly Resolution 46/182, including
    Annex containing Guiding Principles for
    humanitarian assistance

6
28th International Conference
  • Agenda for Humanitarian Action Final Goal 3.2
  • Encouraged accession and implementation to the
    Tampere Convention and other instruments
    concerning telecommunications and protection of
    relief workers
  • Commitment to review existing disaster management
    laws and operational instruments at the national,
    regional and international level to enhance their
    harmonization
  • International Federation and National Societies
    to lead collaborative efforts to
  • Continue to build collection of instruments
  • Identify outstanding needs
  • Develop practical tools for operational use
  • Promote awareness, clarification and application
    of IDRL
  • International Federation to report to next
    International Conference, 2007

7
Strategic plan 2004-2007______2-Year Plan
2004-2005
8
Observations
  • Terminology to reflect full scope of area laws,
    rules and principles
  • Support for continued to efforts to collect,
    analyse, clarify and apply existing laws, rules
    and principles
  • Need for wider international collaboration at all
    levels and integration with other processes

9
Vision
  • A harmonized legal and regulatory framework which
    enhances and facilitates international disaster
    response and thereby contributes to saving lives
    and reducing vulnerability

10
Core areas
1. Identification / collection
2. Clarification
3. Application / Implementation
4. Advocacy / Promotion
11
Objective 1
Identification and collection of the laws, rules
and principles relevant to the facilitation of
international disaster response
  • Activities and Results 2004 / 2005
  • Develop common understanding to facilitate
    identification ofthe laws, rules and principles
  • Building the IDRL library
  • Continue collection and publication of
    international documents
  • Commence collection of regional and national
    documents, starting with Asia-Pacific region in
    2004
  • Encourage and facilitate research activities
    utilizing resources of National Societies,
    States, universities, the United Nations and
    others

12
Objective 2
Further clarification of the nature and scope of
existing laws, rules and principles relevant to
the facilitation of international disaster
response, including any gaps and weaknesses
  • Activities and Results 2004 / 2005
  • Analyse and publish research results and
    findings through reports, articles, papers and
    other publications
  • Examine the value and feasibility of identifying
    core principles which emerge from the existing
    body of laws, rules and principles
  • Prepare concept paper
  • Preliminary consultation with group of IDRL
    experts
  • Wider consultations with States, organisations
    and other experts
  • Collaborative process to determine the
    feasibility, and if so, the process

13
Objective 3
Improved awareness of the existence, importance
and usefulness of the laws, rules and principles
which facilitate international disaster response
  • Activities and Results 2004 / 2005
  • Continued promotion and advocacy activities and,
    as leader of collaborative efforts, present IDRL
    to the UN and to the wider international
    community
  • Support the formation of partnerships with the
    UN, international organisations, governments and
    NGOs
  • Promote and encourage the harmonization of IDRL
    at national, regional and international levels
  • Improve networking and knowledge sharing through
    development of online resources, meetings and
    workshops, commencing in Asia-Pacific region

14
Objective 4
Improved application, implementation and
adherence to the relevant laws, rules and
principles which facilitate international
disaster response
  • Activities and Results 2004 / 2005
  • Systematise the collection of case studies and
    best practices from international disaster
    response operations and make the information
    widely available (using Bam operation and
    Asia-Pacific studies as a pilot)
  • Identify and publish reports on key issues and
    trends arising from case studies
  • Integrate IDRL information sharing into
    International Federation disaster preparedness
    and management tools and training
  • Develop series of information sheets on
    different topics of IDRL, which will form the
    basis for collaboration to develop a practical
    and multi-language handbook on IDRL

15
Compatibility / Complementarity
Millennium Development Goals
Agenda for Humanitarian Action
International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Strategy 2010
16
Upcoming events
  • UN General Assembly
  • INSARAG Meetings Americas, Asia
  • ECOSOC
  • World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe,
  • Red Cross / Red Crescent regional meetings

17
Global Appeal 2004
  • Global Appeal launched specifically to support
    IDRL activities CHF 733,000
  • Coordinator funded by Ausaid, via Australian Red
    Cross
  • Staff on Loan from Iranian Red Crescent for 6
    months
  • 40 coverage of IDRL Appeal so far
  • 2005 Appeal will follow current plan
  • Further briefings on progress to follow

18
Disaster Response Operational Issues and IDRLA
case study on international assistance to the
victims of Bam earthquake
  • Why IDRL?
  • Natural disasters and increasing vulnerabilities

  • International cooperation to assist the victims
    of natural disasters
  • Requirements for effective international
    assistance in disasters

19
Disaster Response Operational Issues and IDRLA
case study on international assistance to the
victims of Bam earthquake
  • A brief on Bam earthquake
  • Description of the disaster ( time, place and
    magnitude)
  • Damage and impact of the disaster
  • National response to the disaster
  • International assistance to victims of the
    disaster

20
Disaster Response Operational Issues and IDRLA
case study on international assistance to the
victims of Bam earthquake
  • Issues identified in Bam humanitarian operation
    in relation with IDRL
  • Acceptance of international humanitarian
    assistance
  • Access to the affected population

21
Disaster Response Operational Issues and IDRLA
case study on international assistance to the
victims of Bam earthquake
  • Customs clearance and tax exemption for relief
    goods and equipment
  • Relief items for distribution among the affected
    population
  • Rescue and relief equipment
  • General logistics facilities

22
Disaster Response Operational Issues and IDRLA
case study on international assistance to the
victims of Bam earthquake
  • Transportation
  • Permission for entrance of international relief

  • Provision of local transportation facilities
  • provision of logistical support for the
    international transportation

23
Disaster Response Operational Issues and IDRLA
case study on international assistance to the
victims of Bam earthquake
  • Use of rescue and relief equipment
  • Protection and security
  • Protection of people
  • Protection of relief equipment and goods
  • Communication and information sharing
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