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A to Z of CHINA An alphabet journey through China in words and pictures


As a rock jade is found in many parts of China and is traditionally used for ... in January or February; in 2008 it was February 7th; 2008 is the Year of the Rat. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A to Z of CHINA An alphabet journey through China in words and pictures

A to Zof CHINAAn alphabet journey through China
in words and pictures
  • Kate Russell

A to Z of China contents
Where is China?
China is the third largest country in the world
(can you name the first and second?) This map is
from World Atlas and shows where China is in Asia
and in the world. Other maps and aerial photos
can be seen on Google Maps, Maps of China and
China Page
A is for Art and Craft
The Chinese are very artistic and creative
people. As well as some beautiful paintings, the
many traditional crafts include calligraphy,
pottery, silk embroidery, lacquer ware and
jewellery making. Art and crafts are sold in the
many markets. The plate shown here is very large
and the four pictures are ink and pen drawings
showing the Four Seasons.
B is for Beijing
  • Beijing is the capital city of China. It is a
    large and very busy city with lots of people
    (about 12 million), cars and bicycles. In 2008
    Beijing will host the Olympic games. This is
    inside The Forbidden City. Beijing used to be
    known as Peking.

B is also for bamboo and bicycles which are both
used a lot in China!
C is for cars
  • There are lots of cars and other traffic in
    China. Many of the roads are very congested. Cars
    are now made in China, such as the Rover.
  • C is also for chopsticks which the Chinese use to
    eat most of their meals with, and for chillies
    which are used a lot in their cooking.
  • C is also for the large Chinese cities such as
    Chengdu and Chongqing.

D is for dam and dragons!
The Three Gorges Dam is a huge dam being built
on the River Yangtze at Sandouping. When finished
it will be the worlds largest dam. It will
reduce flooding, provide water for the large
cities, generate electricity (HEP), and make
navigation easier for ships on the river. The
Chinese are very superstitious and the dragon is
thought to be a friendly creature which protects
people. Many buildings are decorated with
E is for empire and emperors
China was an empire ruled by Emperors for about
4000 years. The emperors were members of
Dynasties, like families, such as the Ming
Dynasty (1368 1644). The emperors lived in the
Forbidden City in Beijing, shown in the top
photo. The last emperor of China was Puyi (Qing
Dynasty), who was forced to resign in 1912 when
modern China was formed. The bottom photo shows
the Dragons throne, which the emperor reigned
F is for Forbidden City, farming and factories
The Forbidden City in Beijing is also known as
the Imperial Palace. This is where the Emperors
lived. There are 8700 rooms there. Ordinary
people were not allowed to go there!
There are many farms and farmers in China,
growing fruit, rice, vegetables and raising
animals. Many farms are on steep terraced
hillsides. Many things are made in factories in
China. Can you find something at home which was
made in China?
G is for Great Wall and Three Gorges
The Great Wall of China is over 4000 miles
(6700km) long, crosses from east to west of
China. It is 2500 years old in places and was
built to protect the northern borders of the
Chinese dynasties. This part of the wall is at
Mutianyu. The Three Gorges is an area of
spectacular scenery on the Yangtze river the
river flows in a series of three deep valleys,
called Qutang, Wu and Xiling. When the Three
Gorges Dam is complete, the water level will be
much higher in the valleys.
H is for hutongs
The hutongs are a series of small, narrow streets
full of houses, shops, small businesses and some
open spaces. These are the traditional living and
working places of many people in Beijing because
the houses are small people spend a lot of their
time working and playing out of doors. There are
not many hutong left now and most people live in
I is for Industry
Made in China is increasingly found on labels
of many things we use around the home have a
look tonight! China has become a very important
country for making things. There are factories
all round China this is just a small
electroplating one. Goods are sent all round the
world, often in huge containers on ships such as
these (seen through quite heavy rain!)
J is for Jade
Jade is an ornamental stone, often green in
colour. As a rock jade is found in many parts of
China and is traditionally used for making
decorative objects, jewellery. These pictures
show the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, near Lijiang,
is a very popular tourist destination, It is
one of the most southerly glaciers in the
northern hemisphere and has 13 peaks.
K is for Kung Fu
Kung Fu is a type of Chinese martial art. Ancient
Chinese martial arts were all about self defence,
hunting and military training. They have also had
a big impact on films, poetry and books.
L is for language and lotus
Most Chinese people speak Mandarin Chinese,
although there are many dialects. In Hong Kong
and Guangzhou Cantonese is spoken. Mandarin a
language of symbols and images. Pinyin is a
westernised written form of Mandarin. The lotus
plant is found in many parts of China growing in
water most parts of the lotus can be eaten and
are served in many Chinese meals. It is a sacred
plant of Budhists
M is for markets and Maglev
The Chinese people seem to love markets for their
shopping! These are found in streets in most
cities, towns and even villages. Stalls sell
food, sometimes live animals, clothes, household
goods, and nearly everything else you can think
of! Maglev is a high speed train (Magnetic
Levitation) in Shanghai, which connects the
centre with the airport. Trains travel at 430 km
am hour.
N is for Nanjing and New Year
Nanjing is a large and ancient city on the
Yangtze river. The top photo shows the ancient
city walls and the bottom shows Mingfa New River
City, a new development by the river. Chinese New
Year (Spring Festival) is celebrated in January
or February in 2008 it was February 7th 2008 is
the Year of the Rat. 2009 will be Year of the Ox.
Ni hao is hello in Pinyin
O is for 2008 Olympic Games
The Olympic Games are held every 4 years and in
2008 they will take place in Beijing from 8th
24th August. This will be the 29th modern games.
The top photo shows the clock to countdown to the
start if the games and the lower photos shows
building work on the site for the Olympic village
where athletes will stay.
P is for PRC, population, people, pagodas and
  • P is for Pagoda, a tired tower which are usually
    religious buildings.
  • P is also for Panda, a symbol of China.

The correct name for China is Peoples Republic
of China (PRC). The population of China is 1.3
billion, which means 1,300, 000,000 people live
there. This is about one fifth of the total
population of the whole world.
Q is for Qing dynasty
The Qing Dynasty, was the last ruling dynasty of
China from 1644 to 1912.
Qing is also please in Pinyin
R is for rice and also recycling
Rice is the staple food for most Chinese people.
It is often served at the end of the meal to fill
you up! These sacks are outside a shop and
contain different kinds of rice. Dan chao fan is
fried rice and Bai fan is plain rice.
In China, just like at home, people are
encouraged to recycle as much as possible, to
avoid waste and to protect the environment. These
bins, in a park, are for organic and inorganic
litter. What would you put in each one?
S is for Shanghai and silk
Shanghai is the largest city in China with 18
million people. It is on the banks of the delta
of the river Yangtze. Much of the city is very
modern. This view across the river is towards the
new Pudong area. Silk is used a lot in China
it is made from the cocoons of the mulberry
silkworm. Many clothes and accessories are made
from silk. The picture shows silk being spun and
T is for Tai Chi and tea
Tai Chi is a form of Chinese martial art which is
generally practised alone it is also a form of
relaxation which many Chinese do before work or
at lunchtime, often in parks.
The Chinese drink a lot of tea! It is often
served in small, pretty china cups it is never
served with milk!
U is for umbrellas
  • Everyone in China seems to carry an umbrella!
    They are very useful in case of a sudden downpour
    or to keep the strong sunshine off you. They come
    in all shapes, colours and sizes and are often
    made of silk.

V is for vegetables
Vegetables are used a lot in Chinese cooking
some are ones which are familiar with carrots,
cabbage, onions and mushrooms. There are others
which may be new to you - water chestnuts, bamboo
shoots, bean sprouts, sweetcorn, lotus root and
eggplant. The markets are full of fresh food and
meals are often eaten around a large round
table with the food in the centre.
W is for Wuhan and water melon
Wuhan is a city on the Yangtze with its
confluence the Han River it has flooded often in
the past, but the Chinese are hoping that the new
dam will stop this happening. The river is very
wide here and is used a lot by boats and people
swimming (not to be recommended the water was
dirty and fast flowing! Meals in China always end
with Water melon!
X is for Xian and Xie xie
Xian is the capital of Shaanxi Province where
there is an underground Army of Terracotta
Warriors of the first Chinese emperor, Qin Shi
Huangdi. In 1974, peasants digging a well
uncovered these life-size horse and warrior
figures. There were approximately 7,000 figures
from the tomb have been restored by
archaeologists and are exhibited in a hall built
above the excavation site Xie xie is thank you
in Pinyin
Y is for Yangtze river and yuan
The Yangtze, also known as Chang Jiang, is a huge
river, about 6300 km long. It is the longest
river in Asia and the third longest in the world
(can you find out which are the longest rivers?)
It flows through spectacular scenery and is well
used for many purposes. The yuan is the Chinese
unit of currency. Notes and coins come in
different amounts.
Z is for Zai jian
Zai jian is Goodbye in Pinyin
  • This presentation is based mainly on photos taken
    and information gathered in July August 2007
    while taking part in the GA international
    committees study tour to China, The Yangtze
    Odyssey. Thanks in particular to Sarah Maude and
    Adam Nicholls who led the group and to Janice
    Dickson of Ian Dickson Travel Service who made
    the travel arrangements. Further photos can be
    seen on www.geography.org.uk/events/studytours/chi
  • Photos and text by Kate Russell photos of Jade
    Dragon Snow Mountain and Terracotta Warriors
    Sarah Maude.
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