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First Aid

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First aid is the immediate care given to the injured or suddenly ... Once first aid has begun, you are not to ... What type of first aid care is appropriate ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: First Aid


1
First Aid
  • Text
  • E-mail hadams_at_astate.edu
  • Power Point http//www.clt.astate.edu/hadams
  • Yellow card
  • 20 minutes from hospital
  • National Safety Council
  • Red Cross
  • American Heart Association

2
Course Information
  • Practical
  • Prevention
  • Easy Class? Easy A?
  • Concern for the victim
  • Advanced training?

3
First Aid
  • In the U.S. every year
  • 2 million hospitalized due to injuries
  • 140,000 die from injuries
  • 500,000 die from heart attacks
  • 150,000 die from strokes

4
Injuries
  • The leading cause of death and disability in
    children and young adults
  • Brain and spinal cord injuries 80,000
    unnecessary and permanently disabled
  • Disabling injuries from unintentional causes
  • One disabling injury every 2 seconds
  • One fatality every 6 minutes

5
Expenses Related to Unintentional Injuries
  • 480.5 billion dollars each year
  • Prevention is much less expensive

6
Leading Injury Related Deaths
  • Motor vehicle crashes
  • Falls
  • Poisoning
  • Drowning
  • Fires, burns

7
Heart Problems
  • 1 of every 4 Americans has a heart problem

8
Emergency Frequency
  • ASU 10,000 students
  • Student in this class

9
The Golden Hour
10
Why Learn First Aid
  • What is First Aid?
  • First aid is the immediate care given to the
    injured or suddenly ill until more advanced care
    is obtained

11
Goals of First Aid
  • Keep victim alive
  • Prevent victim from getting worse
  • Help promote recovery
  • Ensure victim receives medical care

12
First Aid
  • Proper procedures may mean the difference
    between
  • Life and death
  • Rapid or slow recovery
  • Hospitalization
  • Temporary disability or permanent injury

13
Lawsuit Society
14
Legal Aspects
  • No one is required to render first aid unless
  • You have already begun first aid procedures
  • Designated by employer
  • Pre-existing responsibility

15
Legal Aspects 2
  • Once first aid has begun, you are not to leave
    until
  • The victim is under the care of someone with
    equal or greater training
  • The victim refuses treatment or transportation

16
Legal Aspects 3
  • If you do leave, you may be charged with
  • ABANDONMENT

17
Standard Of Care
  • What type of first aid care is appropriate and
    acceptable?
  • If you act reasonably and with the same amount of
    training as others who would deal with similar
    circumstances

18
Scope of Care
  • If you follow recommendations identified by the
    American Heart Association, American Red Cross,
    National Safety Council, etc. you fall under
    Published Recommendations

19
Consent
  • Expressed Consent
  • Nod, oral, or written permission (parents /
    guardian of incompetent individuals)
  • Do not withhold first aid from a minor just to
    obtain consent
  • Implied Consent
  • Deals with the unconscious
  • Deals with conscious who does not resist help

20
Consent 2
  • Touching another person without permission is
    unlawful! (battery)

21
Right To Refuse Care
  • Why might someone refuse care?
  • (student didnt believe in going to the doctor)
  • Try to convince victim that they need care

22
If Victim Refuses Care
  • DO NOT give aid or transport
  • Make note of witnesses
  • Document events (put all info in writing)

23
If Parents Refuse Help For A Child
  • Convince otherwise
  • Call police
  • Document events in writing
  • Identify witnesses

24
If Intoxicated Or Belligerent And Refuse Care
  • Convince otherwise
  • Document events in writing
  • Identify witnesses
  • Drugs and alcohol may mask injury

25
Protect Yourself from a Law Suit
  • Act only as you have been trained
  • Get consent
  • Do not move victim unnecessarily
  • Call for professional help
  • Continue care until help arrives

26
Good Samaritan Laws
  • Vary from state to state
  • Protects those acting in good faith without gross
    negligence or willful misconduct.
  • Your protection consists of proper training and
    application of skills

27
Confidentiality
28
Rescue Doctrine
  • In some cases, the injured rescuer has the right
    to recover for injuries sustained while
    attempting to help
  • (amputated leg)
  • (downed power line - sued power company)

29
Will You Help?
30
Consider The Following
  • Consider your health as well as the victims
  • Try to decide ahead of time if you will help
  • Are you bothered by blood, HIV risks, Hepatitus B
    and C?
  • Calm yourself, take deep breaths

31
Will You Help? 2
  • Protect yourself by wearing gloves
  • (victim in street)
  • Glove removal

32
Will You Help? 3
  • All human blood and body fluids should be
    considered infectious
  • Wash hands extremely well
  • Clean spills with diluted bleach

33
Will You Help? 4
  • If you dont think you can handle a situation,
    call EMS
  • Do not call a friend or relative first
  • Teach children to call 911

34
The Dying Victim
  • Avoid negative statements
  • Assure victim that family will be located
  • Allow for some hope
  • Use a gentle voice

35
The Dying Victim 2
  • Use the victims name
  • Reassure by touching the victim
  • Do not pronounce death
  • Even paramedics cant pronounce death

36
Grieving
  • For the victims family and for yourself
  • Dont tell survivors everything at once
  • Counseling (paramedics-Westside)
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