FIRST AID IN THE SCHOOL SETTING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – FIRST AID IN THE SCHOOL SETTING PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 735e-NmQyN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

FIRST AID IN THE SCHOOL SETTING

Description:

First aid is often life-saving in nature ... For minor cuts and scrapes the student can administer his/her First Aid with your supervision. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:24121
Avg rating:5.0/5.0
Slides: 34
Provided by: comprehens
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: FIRST AID IN THE SCHOOL SETTING


1
  • FIRST AID IN THE SCHOOL SETTING
  • By
  • Sara Bonnet, R.N.

2
Definition of First Aid
  • Immediate care to sick or injured individual
    given to prevent further damage
  • First aid is often life-saving in nature
  • School staff is responsible until the
    parent/guardian or paramedics arrive.

3
Behavior Basics in First Aid
  • Stay Calm, even if you are faking it
  • Prioritize injuries
  • Call 911 if needed
  • Crowd control
  • Only move victim when injuries have been
    evaluated and it is safe to do so
  • Make decisions! Do things!
  • Assume you are in charge until another more
    qualified person takes over.

4
Reporting
  • For ALL major events, i.e. accidents, illness,
    seizures, stings and allergic students, notify
    administration.
  • The parent/guardian must be notified.
  • The teacher needs to complete an accident report
    in the office.
  • If the nurse was not available email her to
    follow up.

5
AsthmaKnown Asthmatic having an attack
  • Signs of distress will be labored breathing
    flaring of nostrils, audible wheezing, cough,
    shortness of breath which results in rapid
    breathing.
  • Asthmatic students who carry an inhaler should
    have it immediately available, especially in PE.

  • If the student has an inhaler, remind him/her use
    it. Do this as soon as the asthma attack is
    identified.
  • Have the student lean forward with elbows on
    knees, this maximizes the lung surface area
  • Quick improvement should be noted
  • Call 911 if difficulty breathing continues after
    treatment and the student has trouble talking.
  • Have the student transported to the health office
    if further evaluation is needed.

6
AsthmaKnown Asthmatic having an attack
  • So in reviewhave the student
  • use the rescue inhaler
  • cough to loosen the mucus in the airways
  • relax breathing/keep everyone calm around the
    student
  • if symptoms do not improve quickly--seek medical
    attention

Call 911 if breathing does not improve after
treatment.
7
AsthmaAttack with no known history
  • Cough to loosen the mucus in the airways
  • Relax breathing/keep everyone calm around the
    student
  • If symptoms do not improve quickly--seek medical
    attention
  • Even if the episode seems to improve, move
    student to the health office,

8
911 Calls for Asthma
  • Call if life is threatened
  • Call 911 as soon as the need is identified
  • .then contact the office staff
  • The office staff will contact the administration
    and support staff who need to know
  • Do not waste time looking for any individual to
    get permission to call 911
  • Remember, the nurse could be tied up, her roll is
    to have Asthma Action Plans on the asthmatic
    students and prevent as many of these incidents
    as possible.
  • The health aide can follow an asthma action plan

9
Minor Injuries
  • For minor cuts and scrapes the student can
    administer his/her First Aid with your
    supervision.
  • Wash hands and always wear gloves
  • If wound is dirty, gently clean with warm water
    and soap followed with antiseptic
  • Cover with band aid or larger adhesive dressing
  • Topical antibiotic ointment can be used to
    prevent infection

10
Serious wounds or cuts
  • Apply direct pressure by pressing the wound with
    your thumb preferably over a clean pad
  • Raise and support the injured part so that is is
    above the heart
  • If wound continues to bleed, add more dressing
    without removing original pad
  • Watch for shock and treat

11
Symptoms of Shock
  • Anxiousness
  • Dizziness, light headedness
  • Weak, thready pulse
  • Stupor
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sweating and pallor

12
Caring for Shock
  • Lie student down
  • Elevate legs
  • Continue pressure if bleeding
  • Call 911
  • Notify parent and office

13
Nosebleeds
  • Sit student down (do not lie down)
  • Pinch nostrils, lean forward and breathe through
    the mouth
  • Pressure should be applied for at least 10
    minutes
  • No nose blowing

14
Head Injury
  • Remember that heads are very vascular therefore
    head cuts tend to be very bloody
  • Observe for levels of consciousness (oriented to
    person, place and thing)
  • Should observe for minimum of 30 min.
  • Always notify a parent recommend medical care if
    change in status

15
Head Injury
  • If severe injury, keep student lying down and
    quiet with head and shoulders slightly elevated
  • Suspect associated neck injury and immobilize
  • Refer for medical care may need to call 911

16
Headache
  • Most headaches are minor and can be treated with
    a pain reliever
  • Ask about hunger (breakfast etc.)
  • When did it start and where is pain
  • Headaches are of concern if they strike suddenly
    and severely Accompanied by fever, stiff neck,
    mental confusion, double vision, numbness or
    difficulty speaking
  • Notify parent if pain persists or the child
    looks sick

17
Stomachache
  • Ask about where pain is and if they feel like
    vomiting?
  • How long have they had stomachache, do they need
    to use bathroom
  • Did they have breakfast
  • Let student sit quietly and notify parent if no
    improvement

18
Sore throat
  • Anything else hurt headache, stomachache, feels
    feverish, etc.
  • Does student look sick? If so send home even in
    absence of symptoms

19
Bites
  • Animal bites are most likely caused by domestic
    animals (cats and dogs)
  • Cat bites have higher risk of infection
  • If bite breaks skin, treat as minor wound wash
    thoroughly with soap and water
  • Apply antibiotic ointment and cover
  • Notify parent

20
Human Bites
  • More dangerous than animal bites with greater
    risk of infection
  • Stop bleeding by applying pressure
  • Wash wound thoroughly
  • Apply antibiotic ointment and cover
  • Notify parent and refer to doctor for evaluation

21
Insect bites and Stings
  • Bees, wasps, hornets, yellow
  • jackets, fire ants, mosquitoes and fleas are
    most troublesome insects
  • Swelling is caused by venom injected into skin
    at time of bite.
  • Try to remove stinger by scraping or brushing off
    with a firm edge
  • To reduce swelling and pain apply cold pack
  • Be sure all cold packs are covered and not placed
    directly on skin

22
Bee Sting Allergy
  • Watch for signs of allergy (welts, cough,
    tightness in throat, runny nose)
  • For students who have a history of bee sting
    allergy (Health Concerns List) or tell you they
    have, administer bee sting kit medication if
    available.
  • If not call 911 and parent.

23
Splinters and Blisters
  • Wash area with soap and water
  • Protruding, minor splinters may be removed,
    easily accessible
  • Wash again, apply band aid
  • If imbedded, clean area, cover with band aid and
    refer to medical care
  • For blisters, do not open

24
Dental Injuries
  • If a tooth is knocked out, handle the top part
    only, not the roots
  • Do not rub or scrape it to remove dirt
  • Gently rinse tooth in bowl of water
  • Try to replace the tooth in the socket then bite
    down gently on moistened gauze
  • If unable to replace tooth, place in milk or warm
    mild saltwater solution continued

25
Dental injury
  • Refer for immediate dental care
  • For a toothache refer student to dentist
  • Over-the -counter pain relievers may help until
    child can get to dentist

26
Skin Rashes
  • Most commonly seen rashes in schools are due to
    either infection or other systemic illness
  • Call the nurse about any suspicious looking
    rash.
  • Commonly Seen Rashes in Schools
  • Contact Dermatitis, Impetigo, Scabies, Eczema,
    Ringworm, Herpes Simplex (cold sore)

27
Seizures
  • Maintain a clear airway by turning child on one
    side with head low to encourage gravity drainage
    of secretions
  • Position student to prevent injury by falling or
    knocking against objects.
  • Do not try to place object in mouth

28
Seizures
  • Observe and be able to describe the duration and
    focal elements of the seizure
  • Call 911 only if seizure lasts longer then 5
    minutes
  • Always notify a parent if seizure occurs at
    school
  • Student will usually be sleepy a lethargic after
    a seizure (post-ictal state)

29
Fractures
  • If bleeding at the site, stop bleeding by using
    direct pressure directly on the wound with
    sterile or clean bandage
  • Immobilize the area Keep the joint above and
    below the fracture immobilized
  • Apply cold wrapping ice or cold pack inin in
    cloth. Observe for signs of shock
  • Notify parents immediately

30
Choking
  • Classic signs - cannot talk, cough or breath
  • Unable to communicate and is anxious
  • Universal sign
  • Send someone to call 911 and
  • perform Heimlich Maneuver

31
EYE
  • Foreign Body
  • Flush eye with cool water for 5 minutes
  • If unable to flush out object and /or pain
    persists notify parent and advise immediate
    medical care
  • Penetrating Injury
  • Do NOT wash eye or attempt to remove embedded
    object. Cover with sterile compress
  • Keep student quiet-move via stretcher
  • Call parent to seek immediate medical care
  • Blows
  • Ask about blurred vision or pain
  • Apply cold/cool compress

32
Fainting/Dizziness
  • Fainting lay person down with feet
    elevated.Keep airway open.
  • Dizziness- have person assume sitting position
    with head low and take deep slow breaths or lie
    down.
  • Have student rest until recovered. Call parent,
    send home accompanied.

33
Complete
  • CONGRATULATIONS on
  • completing your required First Aid course!!
  • The hope is youll never need to use all this
    information, but now youre prepared. First Aid
    instructions are located in your 1st Aid box
    teacher notebook.
  • Now complete the brief post test Emergency
    Checklist you received at the in-service youre
    home free. Thanks much!
About PowerShow.com