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Defensive Driving

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The driving task is a complex skill involving a mixture of decision-making ... Driving while under the influence of alcohol or other substances. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Defensive Driving


1
Defensive Driving
  • Five Easy Ways to Lower Your Driving Risk

2
Five Easy Ways to Lower Your Driving Risk
  • Safety Belts
  • Avoid alcohol and other drugs
  • Use all your senses, not just vision
  • Be aware of your limitations
  • Learn to recognize and manage risk early

3
Safety Belts
  • The safest place in your car during a crash is
    the seat you are already in.
  • Properly worn and fastened, safety belts are
    45-50 effective in reducing the risk of a fatal
    crash.
  • Safety belts are 55-60 effective in reducing
    injuries in a nonfatal collision.
  • Air bags increase the effectiveness of safety
    belts by 10-15.

4
Estimated Number of Lives Saved by Safety Belts
5
Estimated Number of Lives Saved by Child
Restraints and Air Bags
6
Safety Belt Benefits
  • Prevents the second and third collision.
  • Prevents ejection from vehicle.
  • Prevents occupants from striking each other.
  • Provides ride down benefit.
  • Spreads crash force out.
  • Provides drivers with greater control in
    emergency situations.

7
Elements of a Traffic Accident
  • Driver 90
  • Examples????
  • Vehicle 5
  • Examples????
  • Roadway environment 5
  • Examples????

8
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
9
of Total Traffic Fatalities with Alcohol Present
10
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • The decision to drink alcohol is a personal
    decision the decision to drink alcohol and
    operate a motor vehicle is the business of every
    responsible traffic citizen.
  • Most Americans who can legally consume alcohol,
    do. Unfortunately, more than 80 will admit to
    driving after drinking at some point.

11
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • America is a nation of drinkers and of drivers.
  • Over five billion gallons of liquor is consumed
    every year.
  • 185,500,000 licensed drivers (1998)
  • 215,400,000 registered vehicles (1998)

12
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • Even if you dont drink, or if you dont drink
    and drive, you are still a victim of this social
    problem
  • 70 people die every day in alcohol-related
    crashes about one every 20 minutes.
  • 50 of the people killed in alcohol-related
    crashes are not the drinking driver
  • Cost to society is in the Billion
  • .25 of every auto insurance dollar YOU pay goes
    for damages done by the drunk driver.
  • At the current rate, two out of every five
    Americans can expect to be involved in an
    alcohol-related crash in his/her lifetime.

13
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • There is a clear and direct relationship between
    alcohol impairment and motor vehicle crash
    responsibility.
  • .08 BAC is the current legal level of
    intoxication in Illinois, but driving impairment
    begins at a lower level.
  • Drinking any amount of alcohol impairs the
    ability to drive, though probability of a crash
    increases dramatically with rising BAC.

14
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • What is alcohol?
  • What is BAC?
  • How is BAC achieved?

15
Alcohol Impairment Chart
  • The following charts are intended only as guides.
    Your blood-alcohol level may be affected by your
    age, general physical condition, gender, amount
    of food consumed and any drugs and medications.
  • The shaded portions represent illegal
    intoxication for drivers in Illinois and Missouri.

16
Alcohol Impairment Chart
  • For the purposes of this guide, one drink is
    equal to 1.25 oz. of 80 proof liquor, 12 oz. of
    regular beer or 5 oz. of wine.
  • Note Subtract 0.01 for each 40 minutes elapsed
    since having a drink.

17
Men Approximate blood-alcohol percentage (within
one hour)
18
Women Approximate blood-alcohol percentage
(within one hour)
19
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • How is BAC measured?
  • The driving task is a complex skill involving a
    mixture of decision-making abilities, visual
    acuity, and psychomotor skills. How does BAC
    affect the driving task?

20
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • DUI provisions
  • Implied consent
  • Penalties
  • Visual cues to identify a drunk driver
  • What should you do if you suspect a driver is
    intoxicated?

21
Avoid Alcohol and Other Drugs
  • Solution to drinking/driving problem is
    multi-faceted
  • Individual responsibility
  • Fair and consistent laws, enforcement and
    prosecution
  • Support efforts to reduce the problem

22
Motor Vehicle Death Rates by Day and Night
23
Motor Vehicle Deaths by Type of Accident
24
Motor Vehicle Deaths by Age
25
Use ALL Your Senses
  • Most of the information gathered while driving is
    visual, but research indicates that the most
    competent drivers do not rely solely on visual
    inputs.
  • Other senses
  • Hearing
  • Smell
  • Feel
  • Common

26
S.I.P.D.E. Method
  • S Search sense scan
  • I Identify
  • P Predict
  • D Decide
  • E - Execute

27
Be Aware of YOUR Limitations
  • Immediate State
  • Temporary illness
  • Fatigue
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning

28
Be Aware of YOUR Limitations
  • Chronic conditions
  • Permanent disabilities
  • Depth perception
  • Night vision/night blindness
  • Color blindness

29
Learn to Recognize and Manage Risk Early
  • Adjust your driving pattern to the driving
    environment.
  • Watch your following distance!
  • Know what is around you at all times
  • Use the Smith System
  • Drive responsibly Keep your welfare and the
    welfare of your passengers and other highway
    users in mind.

30
The Smith System of Perceptual Driving Habits
  • Aim High in Steering.
  • Get the big picture.
  • Keep your eyes moving.
  • Leave yourself an out.
  • Make sure YOU are seen.

31
Vehicle Safety Engineering
  • Crash avoidance
  • Crash worthiness
  • Passenger protection

32
Pedestrian Safety
  • Actions by motorists that endanger pedestrians.
  • Actions by pedestrians that endanger themselves.

33
Actions by Motorists that Endanger Pedestrians
  • Driving too fast for conditions.
  • Failing to yield to pedestrians in a midblock
    crosswalk.
  • Driving while under the influence of alcohol or
    other substances.
  • Obstructing view by parking too close to
    crosswalk.

34
Actions by Motorists that Endanger Pedestrians
  • Failing to stop before crossing sidewalk.
  • Passing a stopped vehicle that blocks the view of
    pedestrians.
  • Failing to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian
    in a crosswalk.

35
Actions by Pedestrians that Endanger Themselves
  • Walking while intoxicated.
  • Crossing between parked cars.
  • Crossing against a signal.
  • Crossing between intersections.

36
Actions by Pedestrians that Endanger Themselves
  • Failing to watch traffic.
  • Playing in the street.
  • Walking diagonally across an intersection.
  • Walking in the street when sidewalks are provided.
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