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USCG Motor Vehicle Safety Program 15Passenger Van Safety


25% of all driving accidents are the result of excessive speed. 70 ... Obtain training and authorization if driving 15-passenger vans for hire or the military. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: USCG Motor Vehicle Safety Program 15Passenger Van Safety

USCG Motor Vehicle Safety Program 15-Passenger
Van Safety
  • 15-Passenger Vans Safety Concerns
  • USCG Policy COMDTINST 5100.47. CH 10 Motor
    Vehicle Safety and
  • COMDTINST 11240.9C Motor Vehicle Manual
  • Classroom Training
  • Practical Hands On Training (when available)
  • Checkout Procedures
  • Licensing

Cause for Concern
  • In Oregon, a 15 passenger van rolled over on an
    icy highway, killing one woman and seriously
    injuring seven others
  • In California, a 15 passenger van carrying 14
    young adults to a religious retreat rolled over,
    killing five passengers. They were only five
    minutes away from their destination

Cause for Concern
  • In Colorado, five firefighters were killed on the
    way to a forest fire when their 15-passenger van
  • In Maine, a 15 passenger van full of forestry
    workers crashed and rolled over causing the
    deaths of 14 passengers

The Price?
Many Different Groups Use Them/
  • All Areas of Government, DOD, DHS etc.
  • Colleges and Universities
  • Correctional Facilities
  • Summer Camps
  • Van Pools
  • Organizations That Transport Migrant Workers

  • NHTSA Report
  • Accident Facts
  • 15-Passenger Van Facts
  • Driving Tips
  • Licensing Procedures

  • NHTSA National Highway Transportation Safety
  • NSC National Safety Council
  • CDL Commercial Drivers License
  • OF-346- U.S. Government Motor Vehicle Operators

NHTSA Report
  • 15-passenger vans have a increased rollover risk
    under certain conditions
  • The risk of rollover increases dramatically as
    the number of occupants increases from fewer than
    five occupants to over ten passengers.
  • 15-passenger vans (with 10 or more occupants) had
    a rollover rate in single vehicle crashes that is
    nearly 3 x the rate of those that were lightly

NHTSA Report
  • In a 12 year period, there were over 1,570 fatal
    crashes involving 15-passenger vans.
  • These crashes accounted for over 1,100 passenger
  • The rollover rate dramatically increases as the
    number of passengers increase.
  • Fifteen-passenger vans with ten or more occupants
    had a rollover rate in single vehicle crashes
    nearly three times the rate as when they were
    lightly loaded.
  • The odds of a 15 passenger van rolling over when
    it is filled to capacity is five times the odds
    of rollover when the driver is only one in the

NHTSA Report (continued)
  • Loading 15-passenger vans causes
  • Center of gravity to shift rearward and upward
    increasing the likelihood of rollover.
  • Shift in the center of gravity will also increase
    the potential for loss of control in panic
  • It is important that the van be operated by
    experienced drivers
  • They should understand and be familiar with the
    handling characteristics of their vans,
    especially when fully loaded.
  • Any load placed on the roof will be above the
    center of gravity of the vehicle and will
    increase the likelihood of rolling over.

USCG Requirements
  • COMDTINST 5100.47 Chapter 10 Motor Vehicle Safety
    requires government drivers to be trained and
    authorized to drive.
  • Must possess an OF-346 Govt Motor Vehicle
    Operators Permit with van endorsement.
  • All USCG components using 15-passenger vans shall
    require seat belt use at all times.

Accident Facts
  • 25 of all driving accidents are the result of
    excessive speed.
  • 70 of driving accidents occur within 25 miles
    from home.
  • 1 out of 4 employees who drive experience an
    accident while at work.
  • Most people know someone who has died in a car
  • NHTSA http//

Common Causes of Rollovers
  • Hits a Ditch or Embankment
  • Runs into soft soil
  • Is tripped by running into or over a curb or
    similar object
  • Over correcting the steering when
  • - A wheel drops of the pavement
  • - Making a panic reaction to an emergency
  • Over correcting, referred to as over-steering
  • - Over-steering can cause rollover especially
    at high speeds
  • - Can cause fishtailing. Once a van
    fishtails beyond 15 degrees, it is
    almost impossible to recover.

15-Passenger Van Facts
  • A speed that may be acceptable in a passenger car
    could be dangerous in a van.
  • A 16 passenger vehicle requires a CDL
  • You should fill the front seats first. The
    center of gravity shifts to the rear and upward
    increasing the likelihood of rollover as capacity
  • The shift in the center of gravity will also
    increase the potential for loss of control in
    panic maneuvers.
  • Low tire pressure will cause the van to roll over
    more easily especially in the rear
  • Ensure vans are equipped with light truck (L/T)
  • Soft shoulders and culverts pose a hazard in
    rural areas.

Driving Tips
  • For all kinds of vehicles.
  • Defensive Driving Theories
  • Dealing with aggressive drivers
  • Backing the vehicle
  • Highway driving
  • City Driving
  • Rural Driving
  • Emergency situations
  • Vehicle accidents

Driving Tips for all Vehicles
  • Avoid sharp turns
  • Avoid excessive speed and abrupt maneuvers
  • Dont drive tired
  • Dont drive in bad weather
  • Allow 2-3 second following distance (3-4 or even
  • Rest stops often (every 2 hrs. recommended or 100
  • Wear seat belts. Seat belts are a must to survive
    a rollover!
  • Children shall be in an appropriate safety seat.
    Children over 4 years of age shall be in boaster
  • Drive during the day, if possible
  • Require someone to be awake in the front seat
    with the driver on long trips
  • Soft shoulders and culverts pose a hazard in
    rural areas.
  • Tire pressure must be at approved levels
  • Get familiar to the handling characteristics
  • Obtain training and authorization if driving
    15-passenger vans for hire or the military.

Driving Tips For all vehicles (continued)
  • Obey all laws, signs and speed limits
  • Stay in the right lane unless passing slower
    vehicles, then return to right lane

Driver Actions
  • Drive with courtesy
  • Be calm when driving
  • Concentrate when driving
  • No cell phones, Ipods, trios or other hand held
    devices or action that could cause distraction
    while driving
  • Drive defensively

Dealing With Aggressive Drivers
  • Avoid eye contact
  • Dont cut in front of other drivers
  • Allow fellow drivers to merge
  • Dont aggravate fellow drivers with hand
  • Dont tailgate
  • Use your horn sparingly
  • If followed, do not go home

Backing The Vehicle
  • Use a spotter
  • Back to the left (drivers side)
  • Avoid backing up if you miss a ramp/exit.
  • Use outside mirrors.
  • Park in an area, if possible, where you do not
    have to back-up

Highway Driving
  • Lane changes and signals
  • Merges
  • Blind Spots
  • Slow moving vehicles

City Driving
  • Stop signs
  • Stop lights
  • Yield Signs
  • Signals
  • Blind spots
  • Pedestrians
  • Bicyclist

Rural Driving
  • Bicyclist
  • Walkers
  • Domestic Animals/Wild Life
  • Soft shoulders
  • Culverts
  • Curves, hills and narrow roads

Emergency Situations
  • Encountering emergency vehicles
  • Headlights go out
  • Tire blow out
  • Engine failure
  • Break Failure
  • Plan B for your passengers?

Check-Out Procedures
  • Vehicle usage must be pre-approved by the unit or
    fleet manager/ vehicle manager
  • U.S. Govt van drivers must have a valid state
    drivers license with OF-346 endorsement for
  • Keys must be picked up by the driver.
  • Inspect the vehicle and report any problems.
  • Ensure tires are fully inflated to van or tire
    manufacture's specifications

Vehicle Accident
  • Never leave the scene of an accident.
  • Dial 911, and render care to the injured if
  • Gather all the facts (date, time, witnesses,
    phone numbers, etc.)
  • Immediately report all accidents to your unit,
    CO/XO of CPO or designated officer or other
  • Report Mishap thru E-Mishap Data Base and fill
    out SF-91 Motor Vehicle Accident Report and send
    to the Motor Vehicle Manager (MFM) Located at
    the ISC of your area
  • When in doubt ask your Safety Office

  • 15-passenger Vans should be operated by
    experienced drivers. (i.e. 5 or more years
    driving similar type vehicles, such as vans,
  • To insure the most qualified driver, USCG HQ
    Motor Vehicle Safety Division highly recommends
  • 5 years of driving experience if possible
  • Successfully complete classroom program
  • Successfully completion of PQS and road skills
  • OF-346 and valid state license
  • Approval by authority

  • Contact
  • John Johnston
  • USCG HQ CG-1132
  • Shore Safety Division
  • 202-475-5206