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King Arthur and His Knights

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Arthur is the son of King Uther Pendragon and Igrayne, wife of Gorlois, Duke of Cornwall. Merlin the Magician forced the King to 'swear a solemn oath' to allow ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: King Arthur and His Knights


1
King Arthur and His Knights
2
The Legend Begins
  • Arthur is the son of King Uther Pendragon and
    Igrayne, wife of Gorlois, Duke of Cornwall.
  • Merlin the Magician forced the King to swear a
    solemn oath to allow Merlin to bring up Arthur
    as he chose.
  • Merlin delivered the newborn unchristened child
    to Sir Ector.
  • Sir Ector christened the child and raised him as
    his own, not knowing he was the future king.

Insert appropriate art.
3
Whoso pulleth this sword out of this stone and
anvil is rightly King of all England
  • King Uther died two years after Arthurs birth,
    leaving England in turmoil a country without a
    king
  • Several years passed, until all the lords of the
    realm gathered on Christmas Day looking for a
    miracle to show them who should rightly be King.
  • The Sword in the Stone appeared in the church
    courtyard, bearing the famous inscription.

http//www.energyenhancement.org/excalibur01.jpg
Insert picture from above site.
4
Who would be King?
  • It was decided that a tournament would be held to
    determine who would win the right to pull the
    sword out of the stone.
  • Sir Ector and his son, Sir Kay, traveled to the
    tournament.
  • Sir Kay forgot his sword and asked his younger
    brother, Arthur to retrieve it.
  • Arthur decided to get the sword that was in the
    stone and give it to Sir Kay.

http//www.faeriekeeper.net/tournament.jpg
Insert image from the above site.
5
Arthur becomes King
  • Sir Ector and Sir Kay both knelt down to Arthur
    and told him of his true identity.
  • The Lords were upset because they did not want a
    boy who was not of high blood to govern their
    country.
  • The commoners finally cried out that Arthur was
    the rightful King and should be crowned.
  • Arthur was first knighted, then crowned, by the
    Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • Arthur swore to his Lords and Commoners to be a
    true King, and to govern with true justice.

Insert appropriate graphic.
6
The Land Called Camelot
Arthur ruled in peace for many years
  • Guinivere, daughter of King Leodegrance, married
    Arthur
  • Sir Lancelot, son of the Lady of the Lake,
    Arthurs First Knight
  • Merlin, wizard and advisor to the King
  • Other Knights of the Round Table Sir Gawain, Sir
    Galahad, Sir Percivale, Sir Bedivere

Insert appropriate image of the round table.
7
The Age of Chivalry
Arthur and his Knights practiced the Code of
Chivalry
  • Courage
  • Justice
  • Mercy
  • Generosity
  • Faith
  • Nobility
  • Hope

Insert appropriate image of Arthur.
8
Le Morte DArthur
The Death of Arthur
  • Arthur is fatally wounded in a battle with
    Mordred.
  • Arthur requests Sir Bedivere to throw Excalibur,
    his sword, into the lake.
  • After Arthurs third request, Sir Bedivere throws
    Excalibur into the lake, where it is reclaimed by
    Lady of the Lake.

Insert picture of the death of Arthur.
9
The Tales of King Arthur
  • Le Morte DArthur Sir Thomas Malory
  • The Once and Future King The Sword in the Stone
    T.H. White
  • Camelot, a musical Alan J. Lerner Frederick
    Loewe
  • King Arthur-The Marvel of the Sword Mary Macleod

Insert appropriate art from the time period.
10
Sources
Haskell, Merrie. People in Arthurian Legend.
Merrie Haskells King Arthur Page. November
2002. http//www.personal.umich.edu/8 June
2004. Farrell, Scott. The Seven Knightly Virtue
s. Chivalry Today. 2002 Shining Armor
Enterprises. www.chivalrytoday. 10 June 2004.
Prentice Hall. Literature. Bronze ed. Upper
Saddle River, New JerseyPrentice Hall, 2000.
Price, Brian. A Code of Chivarly. The
Knighthood, Chivalry, and Tournaments Resource
Library. 2003. . 8
June 2004.
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