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Amazing facts about INSECTS

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Title: Amazing facts about INSECTS


1
Amazing facts about INSECTS
  • Miss. Stones 3rd Grade Class

2
I didnt know that
  • Insects have six legs. Beetles , ants and all
    other insects have three pairs of legs, Counting
    the legs is a sure way of identifying an insect.
    Wood lice, spiders, mites, and centipedes arent
    insects they have far too many legs.
  • An insect has three different parts the head,
    the thorax, and the abdomen. A hard outer
    skeleton makes the insect waterproof and protects
    its soft insides.

3
I didnt know that
  • Beetles can fly. Ladybugs and many other beetles
    can fly when they need to. They open up the wing
    cases on their back, unfold their soft wings, and
    take off!
  • Flying insects survive tropical storms because
    the raindrops make a breeze as they fall, which
    blows tiny insects aside. They end up flying in
    between the drops.

4
I didnt know that
  • Caterpillars are baby butterflies. Like many
    insects, butterflies change completely as they
    grow from an egg, to a caterpillar, to a pupa,
    to a butterfly. This way of growing is called
    metamorphosis.
  • Mayflies spend most of their lives as wingless
    larvae. Once they change into adult mayflies,
    they live for only a day.
  • Not all insects change as they grow. Baby shield
    bugs look like their parents when they hatch.
    They just get bigger and bigger, and eventually
    grow their wings.

5
I didnt know that
  • Some bugs can walk on water. Pond skaters are so
    light that they can skim across ponds without
    falling into the water. Hairy tufts on their
    tiny feet help them to stay afloat.
  • Dragonflies begin life in the water as creatures
    called nymphs, They will attack small fish and
    tadpoles that are bigger than themselves.

6
I didnt know that
  • Termite mounds have air conditioning . Termites
    build themselves tall mud towers, where millions
    of insects live. Every tower has a chimney that
    draws up warm air and keeps nest cool.
  • Tropical weaver ants build their homes out of
    leaves. Some of the ants hold the leaves
    together. While others stick them with sticky
    glue. The glue comes from larvae the ants carry
    in their jaws.
  • Insects that live together are called social
    insects. Ants, termites, bees and wasps are all
    social insects and live in large groups called
    colonies. This is the best way for them to
    survive.

7
I didnt know that
  • Ants are great farmers. Just as farmers keep
    cows, so some kinds of ants keep aphids. They
    protect them from their enemies, and in return
    the ants milk the aphids for the honeydew they
    suck up.
  • Butterflies suck up nectar from flowers through
    a long tongue called proboscis. When they re not
    feeding, they keep it curled up out of the way.

8
I didnt know that
  • Some insects eat lizards. When a praying mantis
    snaps its spiny legs, its helpless prey is
    trapped inside. Mantises are fierce hunters. Most
    of them eat other insects, but some catch lizards
    and frogs.
  • Some tropical moths feed on the salty tears of
    horses and deer. The moths flutter around the
    animals eyes to make them cry!
  • When the assassin bug catches a tasty meal, it
    injects it with poison. This turns the preys
    body to soup. Then the bug sucks it all up.
  • Not all mosquitoes suck blood only the females
    do. They need blood to make their eggs. Male
    mosquitoes feed on nectar.

9
I didnt know that
  • Some leaves are insects. Leaf insects look just
    like the leaves they feed on. They blend in so
    well against the background that their enemies
    often dont see them. This is called camouflage.
  • Many animals eat caterpillars, but the hawkmoth
    caterpillar has a clever disguise to frighten its
    enemies away. It looks like a hungry snake!
  • Camouflage isnt only for defense. The pink
    flower mantis is cleverly hidden inside an orchid
    the better to ambush pray.

10
I didnt know that
  • Some insects stink. Stinkbugs are the skunks of
    the insect world. When theyre frightened, they
    let out a dreadful smell from tiny holes between
    their legs. This gets rid of enemies fast!
  • Gypsy moth caterpillars escape danger by
    dropping down on a line of silk and wafting away
    on the wind.
  • The weta is a huge insect, with long legs
    covered in spikes. When its caught by a bird,
    the weta kicks all its might, and is usually
    dropped in surprise!
  • A bombardier beetle fires at its enemies with a
    boiling hot stream of chemicals. It really stings!

11
I didnt know that
  • Some bugs glow in the dark. To find a mate,
    female fireflies make a light in their abdomen
    and flash signals to males. They are called
    glowworms.
  • An insects feelers arent just for feeling.
    They help it to pick up smells in the air and
    tastes and sounds, too.
  • When an ant finds some food, it marks the path
    to it with a strong-smelling scent. Other ants
    soon follow the scent and turn up to share a
    feast.

12
I didnt know that
  • A stick insect is the biggest insect in the
    world. The Indonesian giant stick insect measures
    more than 12 inches from head to toe. Its so
    big that it moves very slowly.
  • When Queen Alexandra birdwing butterfly spreads
    its wings, it measures 11 inches from wingtip to
    wingtip. No wonder it is mistaken for a bird.
  • Its difficult to see real fairy flies they
    are the size of a pin.
  • Male cicadas are the loudest insects in the
    world. Their clicking noise can be heard by
    females half a mile away.

13
TEKS
  • Introduction.
  • (1) In Grade 3, the study of science includes
    planning and implementing simple classroom and
    field investigations to develop the skills of
    collecting information using tools such as a
    microscope, making inferences, communicating
    conclusions, and making informed decisions.
    Students also use computers and information
    technology tools to support scientific
    investigations.
  • (2) As students learn science skills, they
    identify the importance of components of the
    natural world including rocks, soils, water, and
    atmospheric gases. They observe the direction and
    position of objects as they are pushed and
    pulled, and movement of the Earth's surface as
    examples of change caused by a force. Students
    investigate magnetism and gravity. In addition,
    students explore organisms' needs, habitats, and
    competition with other organisms within their
    ecosystem.
  • (3) Science is a way of learning about the
    natural world. Students should know how science
    has built a vast body of changing and increasing
    knowledge described by physical, mathematical,
    and conceptual models, and also should know that
    science may not answer all questions.
  • (4) A system is a collection of cycles,
    structures, and processes that interact. Students
    should understand a whole in terms of its
    components and how these components relate to
    each other and to the whole. All systems have
    basic properties that can be described in terms
    of space, time, energy, and matter. Change and
    constancy occur in systems and can be observed
    and measured as patterns. These patterns help to
    predict what will happen next and can change over
    time.
  • (5) Investigations are used to learn about the
    natural world. Students should understand that
    certain types of questions can be answered by
    investigations, and that methods, models, and
    conclusions built from these investigations
    change as new observations are made. Models of
    objects and events are tools for understanding
    the natural world and can show how systems work.
    They have limitations and based on new
    discoveries are constantly being modified to more
    closely reflect the natural world.
  • (3.8) Science concepts. The student knows that
    living organisms need food, water, light, air, a
    way to dispose of waste, and an environment in
    which to live. The student is expected to
  • (A) observe and describe the habitats of
    organisms within an ecosystem
  • (B) observe and identify organisms with similar
    needs that compete with one another for resources
    such as oxygen, water, food, or space
  • (C) describe environmental changes in which some
    organisms would thrive, become ill, or perish
    and
  • (D) describe how living organisms modify their
    physical environment to meet their needs such as
    beavers building a dam or humans building a
    home.
  • (3.9) Science concepts. The student knows that
    species have different adaptations that help them
    survive and reproduce in their environment. The
    student is expected to
  • (A) observe and identify characteristics among
    species that allow each to survive and reproduce
    and
  • (B) analyze how adaptive characteristics help
    individuals within a species to survive and
    reproduce.

14
References
  • http//www.insects.org/entophiles.html
  • http//www.securitypest.com/images/TWS.jpg
  • http//www.terraristik.org/advice/animals/phyllium
    /celebicum.htm
  • http//www.mooseyscountrygarden.com/gallery/roses.
    html
  • http//math.uc.edu/chalklr/My20Photos/Wild20Flo
    wers20and20their20Associates/01620stinkbug.jpg

  • http//www.uknature.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/glowworm.
    html
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