KING ARTHUR Mrs' Brooks November 27, 2007 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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KING ARTHUR Mrs' Brooks November 27, 2007

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Merlin Arthur's counselor, prophet, magician, & wizard; he placed Arthur with Sir Ector. ... Nimue; gave Excalibur to Arthur; enchanted & imprisoned Merlin. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: KING ARTHUR Mrs' Brooks November 27, 2007


1
KING ARTHURMrs. BrooksNovember 27, 2007
2
Who was he really?
  • Historical Arthur
  • Dark Ages
  • Literary Arthur
  • Medieval

3
  • Arthur as presented in the legends was NOT a real
    person.
  • There was, however, a chieftan named Arthur.
  • Historical Arthur lived in the Dark Ages, at the
    end of the 5th and beginning of the 6th
    centuries.
  • Literary Arthur comes from medieval times, during
    the 12th century.

4
  • History of Arthur
  • Celtic mythology
  • Romantic themes
  • Fairylike elements
  • ____________________
  • Arthurian Legend

5
IMPORTANT CHARACTERS
  • Uther Pendragon Arthurs biological father.
  • Igraine Arthurs biological mother
  • Sir Ector - Arthurs adoptive father
  • Merlin Arthurs counselor, prophet, magician,
    wizard he placed Arthur with Sir Ector.
  • Morgan le Fay Arthurs half sister healer
    shape-changer an adversary of both Arthur
    Guinevere she took Arthur to the barge that
    would take him to Avalon to be healed.
  • Morgause Arthurs half sister married to King
    Lot mother of Gawain, Gaheris, Agravain, Gareth,
    Mordred.

6
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7
  • Sir Kay son of Sir Ector raised as Arthurs
    step-brother.
  • Mordred Arthurs nephew and son seized
    Guinevere rebelled against Arthur killed by
    Lancelot after the last battle.
  • Guinevere Arthurs wife Lancelots lover.
  • Lancelot Arthurs chief knight rival for
    Guineveres love.
  • The Lady of the Lake aka Vivienne, aka Nimue
    gave Excalibur to Arthur enchanted imprisoned
    Merlin.
  • Joseph of Arimathea soldier of Pontius Pilate
    who was given the cup (Holy Grail) from the Last
    Supper settled in Glastonbury.

8
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9
IMPORTANT PLACES
  • Camelot King Arthurs kingdom.
  • Tintagel Castle conception place of Arthur.
  • Isle of Avalon island to which Arthur is sent
    to recover from the last battle.
  • Glastonbury claimed by some to be the actual
    Isle of Avalon, as it was once surrounded by
    marshes.

10
IMPORTANT OBJECTS
  • Excalibur Arthurs magical sword given to him
    by The Lady of the Lake.
  • The Holy Grail the cup used by Christ at the
    Last Supper used by Joseph of Arimathea to catch
    Christs blood when he was on the cross.
  • The Round Table the table given as part of
    Guineveres dowry used by Arthur and his
    knights. Each knights name was magically
    inscribed on the table. Everybody was equal.

11
Knights of the Round Table
  • Sir Palomedes
  • Sir Lamorak
  • Sir Bors de Ganis
  • Sir Safer
  • Sir Pelleas
  • Sir Ector de Maris
  • Sir Dagonet
  • Sir Degore
  • Sir Brunor le Noir
  • Sir Le Bel Desconneu
  • Sir Alymere
  • Sir Mordred
  • Sir Galahad
  • Sir Lancelot du Lac
  • Sir Gawain
  • Sir Percivale
  • Sir Lionell
  • Sir Tristram de Lyones
  • Sir Gareth
  • Sir Bedivere
  • Sir Bleoberis
  • Sir La Cote Male Taile
  • Sir Lucan
  • Sir Kay

12
Chivalry
  • Invincible strength
  • Valor
  • Justice
  • Modesty
  • Loyalty to superiors
  • Courtesy to equals
  • Compassion to weakness
  • Devotedness to the church

13
The Twelve Chief Rules in LoveFrom The Art of
Courtly Love by Andreas Capellanus
  • Thou shalt avoid avarice like the deadly
    pestilence and shalt embrace its opposite.
  • Thou shalt keep thyself chaste for the sake of
    her whom thou lovest.
  • Thou shalt not knowingly strive to break up a
    correct love affair that someone else is engaged
    in.
  • Thou shalt not chose for thy love anyone whom a
    natural sense of shame forbids thee to marry.
  • Be mindful completely to avoid falsehood.
  • Thou shalt not have many who know of thy love
    affair.
  • Being obedient in all things to the commands of
    ladies, thou shalt ever strive to ally thyself to
    the service of Love.
  • In giving and receiving love's solaces let
    modesty be ever present.
  • Thou shalt speak no evil.
  • Thou shalt not be a revealer of love affairs.
  • Thou shalt be in all things polite and courteous.
  • In practicing the solaces of love thou shalt not
    exceed the desires of thy lover.

14
  • Knight
  • Mounted warrior
  • Man of rank, or in service of a man of rank
  • Generally possesses some independent means of
    support, but relies on the gratitude of those he
    has served
  • Knights errant -- wandering knights who traveled
    the country in quest of adventure

15
  • The emblem of the Knights of the Round Table worn
    round the necks of all the Knights was given to
    them by King Arthur as part of the ceremony of
    their being made a knight.
  • The Order's dominant idea was the love of God,
    people, and noble deeds.
  • The cross in the emblem was to remind them that
    they were to live pure and stainless lives, to
    strive after perfection and thus attain the Holy
    Grail.
  • The Red Dragon of King Arthur represented their
    allegiance to the King.
  • The Round Table was illustrative of the Eternity
    of God, the equality, unity, and comradeship of
    the Order, and singleness of purpose of all the
    Knights.

16
RULES/CODES for KNIGHTS
  • To never do outrage nor murder
  • Always to flee treason
  • To by no means be cruel but to give mercy unto
    him who asks for mercy
  • To always do ladies, gentlewomen and widows
    succor (to go to the aid of one in distress to
    help)
  • To never force ladies, gentlewomen or widows
  • Not to take up battles in wrongful quarrels for
    love or worldly goods
  • To never lay down arms
  • To seek after wonders

17
  • When called upon, to defend the rights of the
    weak with all one's strength
  • To injure no one
  • Not to attack one another
  • To fight for the safety of one's country
  • To give one's life for one's country
  • To seek nothing before honour
  • Never to break faith for any reason
  • To practice religion most diligently
  • To grant hospitality to anyone, each according to
    his ability
  • Whether in honour or disgrace, to make a report
    with the greatest fidelity to truth to those who
    keep the annals

18
Famous Works which include Arthur
  • 1136 -Historia Regum Brittaniae written by
    Geoffrey of Monmouth. ALL LATER VERSIONS OF THE
    LEGEND ARE BASED ON THIS WORK.
  • 1177 Chretien de Troyes, Lancelot, The Knight of
    the Cart
  • 1370 Sir Gawain and the Green Knight anonymous
  • 1485 Morte d Arthur (Death of Arthur) by Sir
    Thomas Malory
  • 1590-99 The Faeire Queene by Edmund Spenser
  • 1859-1885 Idylls of the King by Alfred, Lord
    Tennyson
  • 1939-58 The Once and Future King by T.H. White

19
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