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Texas Natives

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'Nomadic' Ancestors of Native Americans Migrated to North ... Mammoth. Atlatl. Archaic Age - 8,000 Years Ago. large game disappeared. climate warmer and drier ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Texas Natives


1
Texas Natives
  • Chapter 31

2
Scientists Believe That 35,000 Years Ago
  • Nomadic Ancestors of Native Americans Migrated
    to North America Over a Land Bridge from Asia -
    Across the Bering Strait

3
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4
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5
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6
Ancient Native Hunters Followed Herds
7
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8
People Reached Texas 10,000 Years Ago These
Groups Became the Modern Native Americans
9
What is an Archaeologist ?
10
An Archaeologist studies physical, material
remains or artifacts of past civilizations
11
What is an Artifact?
  • tools
  • artwork
  • pottery
  • baskets

12
What is an Anthropologist ?
  • An anthropologist studies the origin, movement,
    and way of life of people
  • their CULTURE

13
Rock Art, Pictographs
14
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15
Paleolithic Era - 10,000 Years Ago
  • hunters
  • mammoths, mastodons
  • nomadic
  • tools
  • spears and darts

16
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17
Mammoth
18
Atlatl
19
Archaic Age - 8,000 Years Ago
  • large game disappeared
  • climate warmer and drier
  • smaller game hunted
  • specialized tools axes, drills, scrapers,
    grinders
  • gathered/foraged for berries, nuts, and roots

20
Specialized Tools
21
Eventually Hunters Settled
  • They Became Farmers

22
Typical Crops
  • peanuts
  • corn
  • tomatoes
  • beans
  • pumpkins
  • squash
  • cotton

23
How Did Peoples Lives Change Through Farming ?
  • dependable food source
  • population grew
  • villages grew
  • More advanced societies
  • leisure activities
  • religion
  • calendars
  • language

24
Different Cultures Emerged
  • different languages, customs, clothing, shelter,
    beliefs

25
Culture is a Way of Life that includes peoples
language, customs, and beliefs
26
Groups of People Formed Tribes and Adapted to
Their Physical Environment in Different Regions
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