New Zealand English - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – New Zealand English PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6d91e-NmZkZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

New Zealand English

Description:

pronounce the 'r' in 'bird', 'work' as the 'r' sound is said at the beginning of ... Kiwi. bring a plate of food. difficulties without an obvious solution ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:2421
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: rabeasc
Learn more at: https://wwwhomes.uni-bielefeld.de
Category:
Tags: english | new | zealand

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: New Zealand English


1
New Zealand English
  • Swetlana Braun
  • Marijana Bubic
  • Jana Burdach
  • Linda Rohlfing
  • Rabea Schwarze

2
Content
  • Origin
  • Variations
  • Pronunciation
  • Vocabulary
  • Comparison of NZE and Australian English

3
Origin
Very simimilar to its giant neighbour Australia
NZ Accent
Differences reflect the different histories of
settlement and aborigial relations
the last habitable landmass in the world to be
colonised
first English-speaking settlers arrived in 1792
(Australian rather than British)
New Zealand
Officially founded when British and Maori
chieftains signed the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi,
the founding document of NZ
4
Origin
settleling from Australia and Britain (a.w.a.
Ireland and America) enormously increased
Treaty of Waitangi (1840)
Large-scale organised settlement gtby mid-century
the indigenous Maori were outnumbered by the
incoming Pakeha
Influenced by accents and English varieties, all
the settlers brought along
NZ English
Could be traced back to areas all over Britain
and Ireland, probably "pre-mixed" in Australia
5
Origin
spoken by a largely agricultural people, first
inhabitants of NZ
very important source of NZE vocabulary
Maori language
makes it uniquely different from any other
English dialect
most of the Maori words coming into NZE were for
plants and animals, which where unknown to the
settlers
The closest dialectal relative of NZE is
Australian English
NZ English
In many ways NZE is decendent from it
similar developments because of similar inputs
from English, Scottish, and Irish dialects
6
Variations
  • Pitcairn English
  • Developed from mutineers settling on Pitcairn in
    1790. Some people were removed to Norfolk in
    1859. An in-group language used to assist in the
    preservation of identity.
  • People speak standard English as first language.
  • Classification Cant, English-Tahitian 

7
  • New Zealand Maori or Te Reo Maori
  • Formerly fragmented into a number of regional
    dialects
  • (North Auckland, South Island, Taranaki,
    Wanganui, Bay of Plenty, Rotorua-Taupo, Moriori),
  • some of which diverged quite radically from
    what has become the standard dialect.
  • - There are some regional variants of
    pronunciation and accent, and a small

8
  • number of lexical differences, but it is
    basically a single language across the country.
  • Used officially for legal needs. Until the 20th
    century spoken throughout NewZealand. 33 of the
    fluent speakers are over 60 years old, 38 are
    between 45 and 59 (1995).
  • All or most of the Maori-speakers use English as
    second language.
  • Classification Eastern-Polynesian, Tahitian

9
  • South Island
  • Pronunciation
  • - "Southland burr" in which a trilled 'r'
    appears rhotic
  • -gt pronounce the 'r' in "bird", "work" as the 'r'
    sound is said at the beginning of a word, and so
    on, while other New Zealanders do not
    (non-rhotic pronounce "r" only if it is followed
    by a vowel)
  • gt Immigration from Scotland

10
  • Lexis
  • wee small
  • to do the messages to go shopping
  • Many of the region's place names also reflect
    their Scottish origin
  • e.g. Invercargill and Dunedin

11
Pronunciation
  • New Zealand English is close to Australian
    English in pronunciation
  • But - shows more affinity to English of
  • Southern England
  • - shows influence of Maori Speech
  • - shows some Scottish and Irish
    influences
  • main differences of New Zealand English in
    comparison to other Englishes are shifted vowel
    sounds

12
  • Front vowels and the flattened 'i'
  • front vowels are pronounced higher in the mouth
    than in British English
  • the most noticeable difference is the flat "i",
    which is lower and further back so that
    illusion is pronunced in a way sounding like
    allusion
  • allusion, illusion
  • Pete pit pet pat

13
  • The Additional Schwa
  • Newzealanders will insert the schwa to words such
    as grown, and mown, resulting in grow-en and
    mo-wen
  • but groan and moan are unaffected which means
    that these word pairs can be distinguished by
    ear, unlike in British English
  • groan, grown
  • moan, mown

14
  • Distinction between /e?/ /??/
  • Words like "chair" and "cheer", (/t?e?/, /t???/)
    are usually pronounced the same way (/t???/, that
    is as "cheer" in British, American or Australian
    English). The same occurs with "share" and
    "shear" (both pronounced /???/), bear and beer,
    spare and spear.
  • kea, care, cheer, chair
  • beer, bear
  • spear, spare, shear, share

15
  • Lack of distinction between /?/ /?/
  • There is a tendency for some words to be
    pronounced with /?/ rather than /?/, especially
    in those cases where the vowel with this
    particular sound is a stressed "a".
  • words like "warrior" and "worrier" are harder to
    differentiate in New Zealand English than in many
    forms of English.

16
  • Lack of distinction between ferry and fairy
  • for many speakers of New Zealand English, the
    vowel in ferry is raised and becomes
    indistinguishable from fairy
  • the vowel length distinction is almost always
    retained
  • ferry, fairy

17
  • Use of mixed accents
  • The common New Zealand pronunciation of the
    trans- prefix rhymes with "ants.
  • This produces mixed accenting of the a's in
    words like "transplant" whereas in British
    English and most dialects apart from Australian
    English the same accent is placed on both
    syllables.
  • example, transplant

18
Vocabulary-unique to New Zealand-
  • Choice! ?
  • Chur bro ?
  • Jandals ?
  • Togs ?
  • Heaps ?
  • excellent
  • shortened fromcheers brother, thanks!
  • blend of Japanese Sandal, meaning flip-flop
  • swim suit
  • a lot of

19
Vocabulary-shared with Australia or other
countries-
  • Gday!/ Gidday! (also AusE) Gidday mate! (NZE) ?
  • Sweet as ?
  • Good Day
  • awesome (as as an intensifier, eg. hot as)

20
Phrases-unique in New Zealand-
  • Bring a plate ?
  • Up the Puhoi (a river in NZ) without a paddle ?
  • How are you feeling? Oh, a box of birds ?
  • To give s.o. hassles ?
  • Kiwi ?
  • bring a plate of food
  • difficulties without an obvious solution
  • feeling very good, happy
  • to hassle s.o. into doing s.th. or annoying them
  • New Zealander, also used as an adjective

21
A lot more on
  • www.chemistry.co.nz/kiwi.htm

22
Sources
  • www.ualberta.ca/johnnewm/NZEnglish/ (visited on
    May 24th, 2006)
  • www.answers.com/topic/new-zealand-english (May
    28th, 2006)
  • www.vuw.ac.nz/lals/research/nzdc/index.htm (May
    28th, 2006)
  • http//www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?nameNZ
    (May 30th, 2006)
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_English
    (May 30th, 2006)
About PowerShow.com