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KING ARTHUR

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... KING ARTHUR. Historical Arthur. Dark Ages. Literary Arthur. Medieval ... Historical Arthur lived in the Dark Ages, at the end of the 5th and beginning of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: KING ARTHUR


1
KING ARTHUR
2
INTRODUCING KING ARTHUR
  • Historical Arthur
  • Dark Ages
  • Literary Arthur
  • Medieval

3
  • Arthur as presented in the legends was NOT a real
    person.
  • There was, however, a chieftan named Arthur.
  • Historical Arthur lived in the Dark Ages, at the
    end of the 5th and beginning of the 6th
    centuries.
  • Literary Arthur comes from medieval times, during
    the 12th century.

4
  • History of Arthur
  • Celtic mythology
  • Romantic themes
  • Fairylike elements
  • ____________________
  • Arthurian Legend

5
IMPORTANT CHARACTERS
  • Uther Pendragon Arthurs biological father.
  • Igraine Arthurs biological mother
  • Sir Ector - Arthurs adoptive father
  • Merlin Arthurs counselor, prophet, magician,
    wizard he placed Arthur with Sir Ector.
  • Morgan le Fay Arthurs half sister healer
    shape-changer an adversary of both Arthur
    Guinevere she took Arthur to the barge that
    would take him to Avalon to be healed.
  • Morgause Arthurs half sister married to King
    Lot mother of Gawain, Gaheris, Agravain, Gareth,
    Mordred.

6
  • Sir Kay son of Sir Ector raised as Arthurs
    step-brother.
  • Mordred Arthurs nephew seized Guinevere
    rebelled against Arthur killed by Lancelot after
    the last battle.
  • Guinevere Arthurs wife Lancelots lover.
  • Lancelot Arthurs chief knight rival for
    Guineveres love.
  • The Lady of the Lake aka Vivienne gave
    Excalibur to Arthur enchanted imprisoned
    Merlin.
  • Joseph of Arimathea soldier of Pontius Pilate
    who was given the cup (Holy Grail) from the Last
    Supper settled in Glastonbury.

7
IMPORTANT PLACES
  • Camelot King Arthurs kingdom.
  • Tintagel Castle conception place of Arthur.
  • Isle of Avalon island to which Arthur is sent
    to recover from the last battle.
  • Glastonbury claimed by some to be the actual
    Isle of Avalon, as it was once surrounded by
    marshes.

8
IMPORTANT OBJECTS
  • Excalibur Arthurs magical sword given to him
    by The Lady of the Lake.
  • The Holy Grail the cup used by Christ at the
    Last Supper used by Joseph of Arimathea to catch
    Christs blood when he was on the cross.
  • The Round Table the table given as part of
    Guineveres dowry used by Arthur and his
    knights. Each knights name was magically
    inscribed on the table. Everybody was equal.

9
  • Knight
  • Mounted warrior
  • Man of rank, or in service of a man of rank
  • Generally possesses some independent means of
    support, but relies on the gratitude of those he
    has served
  • Knights errant -- wandering knights who traveled
    the country in quest of adventure

10
Chivalryknighthood its code of honor
  • Invincible strength
  • Valor
  • Justice
  • Modesty
  • Loyalty to superiors
  • Courtesy to equals
  • Compassion to weakness
  • Devotedness to the church

11
RULES/CODES for KNIGHTS
  • To never do outrage nor murder
  • Always to flee treason
  • To by no means be cruel but to give mercy unto
    him who asks for mercy
  • To always do ladies, gentlewomen and widows
    succor (to go to the aid of one in distress to
    help)
  • To never force ladies, gentlewomen or widows
  • Not to take up battles in wrongful quarrels for
    love or worldly goods
  • To never lay down arms
  • To seek after wonders

12
  • When called upon, to defend the rights of the
    weak with all one's strength
  • To injure no one
  • Not to attack one another
  • To fight for the safety of one's country
  • To give one's life for one's country
  • To seek nothing before honour
  • Never to break faith for any reason
  • To practice religion most diligently
  • To grant hospitality to anyone, each according to
    his ability
  • Whether in honour or disgrace, to make a report
    with the greatest fidelity to truth to those who
    keep the annals

13
So Why Should Arthur Matter?
  • Were going to read about him!!!
  • Thomas Malory wrote Le Morte DArthur in the
    Middle Ages
  • Numerous other stories about Arthur since then
  • John Steinbeck wrote The Acts of King Arthur
    and His Noble Knights based on Malorys version.
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