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Reading History

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Patriotism & intelligent citizenship, but diminished. Peace and prosperity provided ... Mother Goose, folktales, literature. Cloth covers. Colored pictures ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reading History


1
Reading History
  • Reading as a Cultural Asset, 1880-1910

2
Motives for Reading Instruction in a Cultural Age
  • Patriotism intelligent citizenship, but
    diminished
  • Peace and prosperity provided time for cultural
    pursuitsmusic, the arts, literature for
    literatures sake (Sarah Arnold, p. 109-110)
  • German educator Herbart developing character
    through the use of literary and historical
    stories

3
Aims of Reading Instruction in a Cultural Age
  • Elocution and proper pronunciation continue to be
    important
  • From a course of study for teachers teaching
    reading in Flint Michigan (p. 114, near bottom)
  • Teach children to read
  • Teach children to like to read
  • Enable children to know and prefer good literature

4
Reading Materials
  • Professional Books appear
  • Laura Scudder, Literature in the Schools (1888)
  • Sparse courses of study, the beginnings of core
    curricula
  • Supplemental materials
  • Classic literature in upper grades
  • Additional sets of readers in lower grades and/or
    books of fairy tales
  • Combined alphabetic and phonetic systems the
    Scientific Alphabet
  • Reduce letters, example wuns for once

5
Materials continued
  • Basals limited instructions for using the new
    methods
  • Mother Goose, folktales, literature
  • Cloth covers
  • Colored pictures
  • First series of graded readers

6
Methods of the Era
  • The sentence and story method
  • Tell story or rhyme to familiarity or
    memorization
  • Read story and analyze into separate words and
    phrases
  • Study phonics of letters within words
  • Sometimes writing was included

7
Methods or era (cont.)
  • Elaborate Phonetic Methods
  • Start with the sounds of letters
  • Build word families
  • Write letters, words, and sentences on blackboard
  • Mark letters, words, and sentences in personal
    workbook
  • Write letters, words, and sentences from
    dictation
  • Recitation of letters, words, and sentences by
    students

8
Methods of era (cont.)
  • Defining/dissecting method for upper grades
    literature
  • Discuss and understand allusions to all subjects
    in lesson of one subject
  • Learn irregular words
  • Learn new unfamiliar words
  • Paraphrase lesson in writing
  • If very important, memorize

9
Other significant ideas
  • Beginnings of reading research
  • Very limited
  • Usually related to reading speed, differences in
    silent and oral reading, and individual reading
    differences
  • First attention to reading disability
  • Congenital alexis (word blindness)
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