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Music Bibliographic Relationships: the Metadata Links in your Future

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Title: Music Bibliographic Relationships: the Metadata Links in your Future


1
Music Bibliographic Relationships the Metadata
Links in your Future
  • Sherry L. Vellucci
  • Associate Professor
  • St. Johns University
  • velluccs_at_stjohns.edu

2
Presentation Overview
  • Types of Music Bibliographic Relationships
  • Methods for Identifying Relationships Linking
    Related Records
  • Relationships in the New Metadata Environment
  • Visualizing the Future of Bibliographic
    Relationships

3
Bibliographic Relationships Definition
  • Bibliographic Relationships exist when two or
    more bibliographic entities (works, items,
    documents, objects, etc.) are associated with
    each other in some way

4
Bibliographic Relationship Types
  • Whole-Part
  • Derivative
  • Accompanying
  • Equivalence
  • Sequential
  • Descriptive
  • Shared Characteristic

5
Shared Characteristics
  • A relationship that exists between bibliographic
    entities that are not otherwise related, but have
    some characteristic in common (e.g., author,
    title, subject, language, publisher, etc.)

6
Derivative Relationship
  • A relationship that exists between any new
    conception of a work and its original source (the
    progenitor), or a successor, or both

7
Types of Derivative Relationships
  • Simultaneous derivations
  • Successive derivations
  • Translations
  • Amplifications
  • Extractions
  • Adaptations
  • Performances
  • Predecessor derivations

8
Whole-Part Relationship
  • A relationship that exists between a segment or
    component part of a bibliographic entity and its
    whole

9
Accompanying Relationship
  • A relationship that exists between the primary
    musical entity and the complementary material
    that occurs with it

10
Equivalence Relationship
  • A relationship that exists between exact copies
    of the same manifestation of a work, or between
    an original item and a reproduction of it, when
    the intellectual content and authorship are
    preserved

11
Sequential Relationship
  • A relationship that exists between bibliographic
    entities that precede or continue one another,
    with the aspects of chronology and sequence, but
    are not derivative

12
Descriptive Relationship
  • A relationship that exists between a
    bibliographic entity and a description,
    criticism, or evaluation of that entity

13
States of a Bibliographic Entity
realizes
  • Work

Abstract State
Expression
is realized through
embodies
Manifestation
is embodied in
Tangible State
exemplifies
Item
is exemplified by
14
Primary Relationships
  • Those relationships that are implicit among the
    bibliographic entities of work, expression,
    manifestation, and item

15
Sibling Relationships
  • Those relationships that exist between various
    expressions of a work, various manifestations of
    an expression, and various copies (i.e., items)
    of a manifestation

16
Content Relationships
  • Those relationships where the content is in a
    transitory state, forming a continuum of
    intellectual or artistic content starting from an
    original (progenitor) work
  • equivalence relationships
  • derivative relationships
  • descriptive relationships

17
Whole-Part Part-Part Relationships
  • This separate grouping includes
  • accompanying relationships
  • sequential relationships

18
Responsibility (Agent) Relationships
  • A relationship that exists between a
    bibliographic entity and the persons or corporate
    bodies that are responsible for some action
    related to the entity (author, composer,
    producer, publisher, etc.)

19
Subject Relationships
  • A relationship that exists that exists between
    works and entities that can be subjects, i.e.
    another work, expression, manifestation, item,
    person, corporate body, concept, object, event,
    or place

20
Extent of Relatedness for Music Scores
  • Derivative 87
  • Whole-Part 85
  • Accompanying 71
  • Sequential 31
  • Equivalence 29
  • Descriptive 22

21
Contributors to Syndetic Structure
  • Cataloging Code (AACR)
  • governs content of bibliographic record
  • MARC Formats
  • govern structure of bibliographic record
  • OPAC system design
  • governs indexing structure linkage
    capabilities
  • OPAC Interface
  • governs display of bibliographic records

22
Linkage Functions
  • To Identify the existence and type of
    relationship
  • To Link bibliographic records for related entities

23
Linking Devices
  • References
  • See, See also, etc.
  • Access Points
  • Name/title, uniform title, series, title, etc.
  • Notes
  • Contents, form medium of performance, edition
    history, etc.
  • Other Information
  • Statements of responsibility, musical
    presentation, physical description, etc.

24
Linkage Types
  • Explicit Linkages (Formal)
  • Directional
  • Automatic (Direct)
  • Puccini, Giacomo, 1858-1924. O dolci mani
  • Search under
  • Puccini, Giacomo, 1858-1924. Tosca. O dolci
    mani

25
Options for Direct Links
  • MARC record linking fields
  • Encoded bibliographic data in HyperText Mark-up
    Language
  • Metadata relationship elements with embedded
    HyperLinks

26
Linkage Types
  • Implicit Linkages (Informal)
  • Record or Citation Adjacency (i.e., collocation)
  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Quintets, horn
  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Quintets, horn...
  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Quintets, horn...
  • Reference or Citation on Bibliographic Record
    (i.e., referral)
  • Previously published by Breitkopf Härtel, 1929.

27
REUSE Project
  • Screen display list
  • 2 Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Quintets, horn, k
    407 (Scores arr.)
  • 6 Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Quintets, horn, k
    407 (Recordings)
  • 5 Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Quintets, horn, k
    407 (Scores)
  • 1 Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Quintets, horn, k
    407 (Scores arr.)
  • ( B. Eversberg)

28
  • Screen display for group
  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Quintets, horn,
    strings, K. 407, E flat major.
  • 1. The Art of the French horn sound recording.
    S.l. Everest, 197_. _ 1 sound disc 33
    1/3rpm, stereo. Dennis Brain, horn Max Salpeter,
    violin Cyril Preedy, piano (in the
  • 2. Horn music. Ocean, NJ Musical Heritage
    Society, 1995. 1 sound cassette. Quintet for horn
    and strings in E-flat major, K. 407
  • 3. Horn music. Ocean, NJ Musical Heritage
    Society, 1995. 1 sound disc (ca. 61 min.)
    digital 4 3/4 in. Compact disc.Martin van de
    Merwe, Bob Stoel, horns Kees Hulsmann, Mieka
    Biesta, violins ...

29
787 Linking Relationship Model
  • w Record control number (target to which
    current record is linked)
  • g Relationship information (textual)
  • 2nd Indicator Codes
  • 0 Equivalence relationship
  • 1 Derivative relationship
  • 2 Accompanying relationship
  • 3 Part whole relationship
  • 4 Descriptive relationships
  • 5 Sequential relationship
  • b Unspecific relationship, (shared
    characteristics)

30
Verdi, Giuseppe, 1813-1901 Macbeth. 1847
  • 1. Adaptation of Shakespeare, William.
    Macbeth.
  • 2. Arrangements
  • 3. Recordings of performances
  • 4. Separately published segments
  • 5. Descriptions, Criticisms, Commentaries
  • 787 11 g Adaptation of w (OCoLC)12345678
  • 787 11 g Arrangement w (OCoLC)23456781
  • 787 11 g Sound recording w (OCoLC)34567812
  • 787 13 g Part w (OCoLC)56781234
  • 787 14 g Description w (OCoLC)45678123

31
Bibliographic Relationships in the Networked
Environment
  • Multi-catalog searches
  • Multiple databases with diverse metadata schemes

32
Dublin Core Element Set
  • Content
  • Title
  • Subject
  • Description
  • Source
  • Language
  • Relation
  • Coverage
  • Intellectual Property
  • Creator
  • Publisher
  • Contributor
  • Rights
  • Instantiation
  • Date
  • Type
  • Format
  • Identifier

33
Relation Element
  • Identifier of a second resource and its
    relationship to the present resource
  • Subelements
  • Relation.Identifier
  • Relation.Type

34
Relation.Type
  • Part/Whole relations
  • IsPartOf
  • HasPart
  • Version relations
  • IsVersionOf
  • HasVersion
  • Format transformation relations
  • IsFormatOf
  • HasFormat
  • Reference relations
  • References
  • IsReferencedBy
  • Creative relations
  • IsBasedOn
  • IsBasisFor
  • Dependency relations
  • Requires
  • IsRequiredBy

35
Relation.Type Extended Values
  • isParentOf
  • isChildOf
  • isMemberOf
  • isSiblingOf
  • isDerivedFrom
  • hasBibliographicInfoIn
  • isRevisionHistoryFor
  • isCriticalReviewOf
  • isContentRatingFor
  • isSponsoredBy
  • isCataloguedFor
  • isCataloguedBy

36
Syntax Options
  • Unqualified DC metadata
  • Relation IsBasedOn http//a.b.c./mla.html
  • HTML 4.0 unqualified syntax
  • content"http//a.b.c./mla.html"

37
  • HTML 4.0 qualified syntax
  • scheme"URL
  • content"http//a.b.c./mla.html"
  • contentIsBasedOn

38
Dublin Core In RDF
dctitle
IAML Presentation
URI P
Sherry Vellucci
dc creator
Fontes Article
dctitle
URI A
dc creator
Sherry Vellucci
The Fontes Article is Based on the IAML
Presentation
39
RDF Example


syntax xmlnsdchttp//purl.org/dc/eleme
nts/1.0 xmlnsdcqhttp//purl.org/dc/quali
fiers/1.0

Fontes
Article
Sherry Vellucci
Description ehttp//purl.org/dc/vocabularies/
RelationTypes/v1.0/IsBasedOn/

dfRDF
40
Visual Information Retrieval Interfaces
  • Second level access tool
  • Used to organize retrieval sets and display
    complex information
  • 3-dimensional graphical plots use spatial
    adjacency to indicate relationships
  • See ThinkMap http//www.thinkmap.com/
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