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Cataloguing the modern Bassoon

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Cataloguing the modern Bassoon ... using AACR2R, a modern musical instrument. ... Text on each of the 4 Reeds (each made from French cane) states 'Rico JAZZ 3' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cataloguing the modern Bassoon


1
Cataloguing the modern Bassoon
  • An exercise researched and conducted by Anne
    LePage, Jessie Gardner, and Christopher Millard
  • (Masters in Library Science Candidates at the
    University of British Columbia)

2
Purpose
  • To attempt to catalog, using AACR2R, a modern
    musical instrument. In this case a Bassoon
    represented a complex and intricate piece, and
    proposed a viable challenge for this exercise.

3
Literature Search In search of previous
surrogates of modern musical instruments in
AACR2R format(Canada, U.S., U.K.)
  • We contacted
  • U.S. Universities
  • Canadian Universities
  • U.K. Universities
  • Universities with Joint Programs in Music and
    Librarianship

4
Literature Search In search of previous
surrogates in AACR2R format(Canada, U.S., U.K.)
  • Professional Listservs
  • Museums
  • Fine arts Institutes
  • Library of Congress

5
Library of Congress(in response to our inquiry)
  • While the Library of Congress does indeed base
    its cataloging philosophy on AACR2, realia such
    as musical instruments are not subject to the
    same practices, at least from the perspective of
    cataloging, as are books, musical scores, serials
    or other paper-based material. (www.loc.gov)

6
Musical Instrument Collections(Found, but not in
AACR2R format)
  • Dayton C. Miller Flute Collection (LOC)
  • Peter White Public Library (UP, Michigan)
  • International Directory of Musical Instrument
    Collections (http//www.music.ed.ac.uk/euchmi/cimc
    im/id/index.html)

7
Conclusion
  • We found no modern performance instrument that
    has been cataloged by the Rules of AACR2R.
    However, we did receive professional opinion
    pointing us towards the use of AACR2R, Chapter 10
    for three-dimensional objects and realia.

8
AACR2R Chapter 10(Rules pertinent to our
exercise)
  • 10.5B1 Number of Physical Units
  • 10.5C Characteristics of Physical Units
  • 10.5C1 Materials of Unit (wood, metal, etc)
  • 10.5C2 Colour of Materials (when object is
    multicoloured)

9
AACR2R, Chapter 10(cont.)
  • 10.5D Dimensions
  • 10.5D1 Physical Dimensions (height, width, depth
    usually in cm)
  • 10.5D2 Physical Dimensions of container
  • 10.5D3 Multipart item
  • 10.5E Accompanying Materials

10
AACR2R, Chapter 1.1G1 The Kit
  • Items lacking a collective title
  • -No chief source of information
  • -Predominating information?
  • -Products of different persons or bodies

11
AACR2R and Lucille (the bassoon)
  • Rule 1.1D2 (2nd level description) must be
    observed to describe any standard 3-D object
  • Following this description rule allows for a
    simple method to description, but there are some
    challenges

12
A Bassoon
  • First, for those not acquainted with a bassoons
    parts, follow this useful hyperlink for a
    diagram
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/music/label/basso
    on/answers.shtml

13
Challenges Physical Description
  • Material Colour
  • There are many types of material and colours on a
    bassoon when having to include the keys, rods,
    and wood, etc.
  • The description for material includes this
  • Black maple, acrylic enamel, rubber linings,
    silver plated nickel silver (keys), metal (bell
    ring), case black exterior, red interior,
    nylon, foam plastic, reed Rigotti cane, brass
    wire, string

14
Challenges Physical Description
  • The Dimensions also bring about problems
  • In AACR2R the measurements must be to the next
    whole cm up
  • This is a problem for measurements of the reed
    and bocal especially so this rule was stretched
    a bit...

15
Dimensions Contd
  • The other problem is where to measure
  • AACR2R requires measuring from smallest dimension
    on the object to largest. The smallest would be
    the bocal (if excluding the reed), but the
    largest would be the boot. But these dimension
    are not from beginning to end as the end is
    technically the bell.

16
Dimensions Contd
  • Therefore, the dimensions for description began
    with the smallest tip of the bocal to the end of
    the bell
  • The Dimensions are as follows
  • 9 x 23 x 0.5 cm. 64 x 4 x 4 cm., in case 75 x
    17 x 36 cm. 1 reed (5.5 x 1.5 x 1 cm).
  • Because of the reeds small dimensions it was
    only given one measurement of the biggest sides.

17
AACR2R Results
18
The MARC Record
  • The challenges of physical description were
    nearly eliminated when plugging the information
    into MARC.
  • The 300 field allowed to separate the Material,
    Colour, and Dimensions of each object (the
    bassoon, the case, the reed) as it can be
    repeated.
  • MARC also allowed for measurements to be in mm!
  • The 246 allowed for all 3 parallel titles

19
The MARC Record Contd
  • Type Three-dimensional item realia,
    equipment, game, others
  • Leader 00000nrm..2200000.a.4500
  • 008 051195s..nnnrneng.d
  • 245 00 a Bassoon h realia / c made by Fox
    Products, f (1949- ).
  • 246 31 a Fagotte
  • 246 31 a Basson
  • 246 31 a Fagotti
  • 260 __ e (South Whitley, Ind.) g c2000
  • 300 __ a 1 Bassoon (1 French Bell, 1 Wing Joint,
    1 Long Joint, 1 Boot Joint, 2 Bocals)
  • b black maple, acrylic enamel, rubber
    linings, silver plated nickel silver (keys),
  • metal (bell ring)
  • c 90 x 230 x 5 mm 640 x 40 x 40 mm
  • e 1 seat strap 2 cleaning swabs.
  • 300 __ a 1 Case b black exterior, red
    interior, nylon, foam, plastic c 75 x 17 x 36
    cm.
  • 300 __ a 1 Reed b Rigotti cane, brass wire,
    string c 55 x 15 x 10 mm.
  • 490 1_ a Renard Model 222 / Fox Products v
    36381
  • 500 __ a Distributed by Marcus Bassoon Repair
    (Toronto, Ont.) c2000.
  • 521 __ a The Renard Model 222 is a
    semi-professional model.
  • 506 __ a Restricted d Anne LePage.

20
Card Catalogue Whats That??
  • The Card Format brought some interesting
    conclusions
  • The parallel titles are indicated at the bottom
    of the card along with the Added Series Entry for
    the Bocal, looking like this
  • I. Fagotte II. Basson III. Fagotti IV. Bocal
    realia. CVX 2 3.
  • This can indicate the addition of some See Also
    references in an Authority Record.

21
Exercise - Baritone Saxophone
  • When initially given, our presentation included
    an exercise wherein class members were asked to
    catalogue a Baritone Saxophone belonging to group
    member Jesse Gardner, purchased in 1995 from Ward
    Music of Victoria, B.C., which was presented as a
    physical object for classmates to view.
  • The following slides represent an expanded
    version of the exercise, and accompanying
    discussion. Because home viewers do no have the
    object in hand, extra details have been provided
    where relevant.

22
Parts of a Saxophone
  • A diagram of basic parts of a saxophone may be
    found at http//www.enchantedlearning.com/music/l
    abel/saxophone/answers.shtml
  • The Bell, Bow, and Keys are all inseparable
    components included in the part collectively
    called the Body however, the term also refers to
    the part excluding these components (see diagram
    on website). Use of the former definition is
    recommended for cataloguing purposes. Names of
    individual parts may appear, for instance, in
    discussion of materials.
  • The Mouthpiece and Ligature are often referred to
    collectively as a Mouthpiece Assembly, which
    may also include a Cap.

23
Saxophone Details
  • Baritone Saxophone manufactured and distributed
    by Jupiter Band Instruments (company based in
    Austin, Texas, founded in modern form in 1980),
    in the first quarter of 1995.
  • Baritone Saxophone components (for first MARC
    300 field) 1 Body, 1 Neck Joint, 1 Mouthpiece,
    1 Ligature, (and 1 Cap).
  • Model AND Serial Number Located near Base of
    Instrument (Deluxe Model 593 GL 535156)

24
Accessory Details
  • Words printed on accessories are title
    statements, not claims of authorship. Authorship
    may be researched separately and included in
    notes (see discussion of 1.1G and sub-rules). In
    this case, the research has been done for you
  • The additional Mouthpiece (and ligature) are
    manufactured by Selmer-Conn, Inc.
  • The neck strap has no identifiable manufacturer
    Neotech can only be presumed as Title information
    for cataloguing purposes.
  • Both the reed guards and reeds are manufactured
    by J. DAddario Co., Inc.

25
More Accessory Details
  • As noted before, words printed on the accessories
    are title statements, not claims of authorship.
    In the exercise, users could look at the physical
    object. This is what they would see
  • Text on the additional Mouthpiece reads Selmer
    Paris S80.
  • Text on the Neck Strap reads Neotech.
  • Text on each of the 4 Reeds (each made from
    French cane) states Rico JAZZ 3.
  • Text on the two blue plastic Reed Guards reads
    LaVoz Reedgard (this name is not a typo its
    not English)

26
From the Extra Discussion
  • Concerning a preamble to the exercise, note that
    there are a few minor variations to the
    Pre-Exercise method for cataloguing the
    instrument. For instance
  • Note that AACR2R gives no real guidance on how
    to determine if an item of realia has a
    collective title or not so this is apparently up
    to the cataloguer to decide. If the item is
    considered as lacking a collective title (see
    10.1G1 of AACR2R) the record may vary slightly
    from Annes version. This is significant to the
    discussion of the Baritone Saxophone to be used
    in the exercise, because there are titles on
    several of the items included with the
    instrument.

27
Method One
  • The exercise at this point calls for an
    alternative method
  • Turn to 1.1G Items without a collective title.
    A new issue is what is a predominant part.
    Guidance in this respect is also limited within
    AACR2R -- but other sources may remove the
    problem.
  • Indeed, if one considers the saxophone itself to
    be a predominant part, the issue is resolved the
    Title field contains only the title and statement
    of responsibility associated with the Baritone
    Saxophone and its parts - appeal either to 1.1G1
    or to 1.1G4 (which one depends on how you as
    cataloguer defined the Saxophone itself). All
    other items are elaborated in a contents note
    (see 1.7B18). This can result in a record
    appearing almost identical to Annes record, but
    with additional information concerning Statements
    of Responsibility in the Contents Note.

28
Method Two
  • Yet another method may be produced from the
    subsections of 1.1G, as noted in the lecture
  • If the cataloguer does not feel that the
    instrument itself is a predominant part of the
    item to be catalogued, and that the additional
    items - though smaller - require equal billing
    because they all include their own title
    statements, or perhaps because the item is
    considered like a kit, refer to 1.1G2 option
    one and 1.1G3.
  • As per 1.1G3, group items with a common
    manufacturer, and completely separate items with
    different manufacturers (or in cases of doubt
    concerning the manufacturers identity). As noted
    in the AACR2R text, follow each group with a full
    stop and two spaces.
  • Only minor variation from Method One is produced.
    The title field will contain more complete title
    information for all parts involved, but a
    Statement of Responsibility note must be
    constructed for each item where the S.O.R. does
    not appear prominently on the item (by 1.7B6)
    in this case, basically every accessory included.
    Detailed responsibility, where possible, may be
    found by researching the manufacturers names and
    including these details in the note.

29
Spoiler Alert
  • The following slides represent construction of
    two MARC Records for the Baritone Saxophone,
    based on each of the preceding methods. In the
    class exercise, cataloguers were given the choice
    of all three methods noting that the
    Pre-Exercise Method and Multi-Part Method One are
    essentially the same except for a Content Note.

30
Building a Record (Type One)
31
Building a Record (Type One)
  • As mentioned in the previous discussion, several
    notes are prescribed by this method. Those which
    do not vary significantly from the Pre-Exercise
    Method include
  • 10.7B3 Title supplied by cataloguer from
    conventional name of object represented.
  • 10.7B6 and B9 This Baritone Saxophone is owned
    by Jesse Gardner. Sold by Ward Music (Victoria,
    B.C.) c1995.
  • 10.7B11 Accompanied by Cork Grease. this item
    is not significant enough to the item as a whole
    to be considered a proper accessory
  • 10.7B12 Series from instrument is JBS 593,
    identified in full by manufacturer as Deluxe
    Model 593GL E-Flat Baritone Saxophone.
  • 1.7B14 The 593 GL Baritone Saxophone is a
    semi-professional model.

32
Building a Record (Type One)
  • The significant difference is the generation of a
    Content Note. Here it has been formatted as
    though it were several Title Statements and
    Statements of Responsibility, but such formality
    is not strictly necessary
  • 1.7B18 (or 10.7B18) Contents of Case Baritone
    Saxophone Selmer Paris S80 Mouthpiece,
    ligature / manufactured by Selmer-Conn, Inc.
    Neotech Neck strap LaVoz Reedgard 2
    double-sided reed guards Rico JAZZ 3 4
    reeds / manufactured by J. DAddario Co., Inc.

33
Title Statement and S.O.R. (Type Two)
34
Title Statement and S.O.R. (Type Two)
35
MARC Record, Type One
  • 245 00 a Baritone Saxophone h realia / c
    manufactured by Jupiter Band Instruments f
    (1980-)
  • 260 __ g c1995 e (Austin, Tex.)
  • 300 __ a 1 Baritone Saxophone (1 Body, 1 Neck
    Joint, 1 Mouthpiece, 1 Ligature) b brass
    (instrument and ligature), metal pins, ivory
    enamel keys, black rubber (mouthpiece) c 28 x
    91 x 13 cm.
  • 300 __ a Case b upholstered wood exterior, red
    fabric interior, brass clasps and ornaments c
    41 x 107 x 20 cm.
  • 300 __ a 1 Mouthpiece Assembly (1 Mouthpiece, 1
    Ligature) b brass, black rubber c 12.5 x 3 x
    3 cm.
  • 300 __ a 2 Reed guards b blue plastic c 9 x
    2 x 1.5 cm.
  • 300 __ a 4 Reeds b French cane c 9 x 1.5 cm.
  • 490 1_ a (Deluxe Model 593GL / Jupiter Band
    Instruments v 535156).
  • 561 1_ a This Baritone Saxophone is owned by
    Jesse Gardner.
  • 500 __ a Sold by Ward Music (Victoria, B.C.)
    c1995.
  • 500 __ a Series from instrument is JBS 593,
    identified in full by manufacturer as Deluxe
    Model 593GL E-Flat Baritone Saxophone.
  • 500 __ a Uncatalogued cork grease found in case,
    may not be from item.
  • 521 __ a The 593 GL Baritone Saxophone is a
    semi-professional model.
  • 506 __ a For use only by d Jesse Gardner.
  • 505 2_ a Contents of Case Baritone Saxophone
    Selmer Paris S80 Mouthpiece, ligature /
    manufactured by Selmer-Conn, Inc. Neotech
    Neck strap LaVoz Reedgard 2 double-sided
    reed guards Rico JAZZ 3 4 reeds /
    manufactured by J. DAddario Co., Inc.

36
MARC Record, Type Two
  • 245 00 p Baritone Saxophone h realia / c
    manufactured by Jupiter Band Instruments f
    (1980-). p Henri Selmer Paris S80 E
    Mouthpiece assembly. p Neotech Neck
    strap. p LaVoz Reedgard 2 double-sided
    reed guards Rico JAZZ 3 4 reeds.
  • 260 __ g c1995 e (Austin, Tex.)
  • 300 __ a 1 Baritone Saxophone (1 Body, 1 Neck
    Joint, 1 Mouthpiece, 1 Ligature) b brass
    (instrument and ligature), metal pins, ivory
    enamel keys, black rubber (mouthpiece) c 28 x
    91 x 13 cm.
  • 300 __ a Case b upholstered wood exterior, red
    fabric interior, brass clasps and ornaments c
    41 x 107 x 20 cm.
  • 300 __ a 1 Mouthpiece Assembly (1 Mouthpiece, 1
    Ligature) b brass, black rubber c 12.5 x 3 x
    3 cm.
  • 300 __ a 2 Reed guards b blue plastic c 9 x
    2 x 1.5 cm.
  • 300 __ a 4 Reeds b French cane c 9 x 1.5 cm.
  • 490 1_ a (Deluxe Model 593GL / Jupiter Band
    Instruments v 535156).
  • 561 1_ a This Baritone Saxophone is owned by
    Jesse Gardner.
  • 500 __ a Sold by Ward Music (Victoria, B.C.)
    c1995.
  • 500 __ a Series from instrument is JBS 593,
    identified in full by manufacturer as Deluxe
    Model 593GL E-Flat Baritone Saxophone.
  • 500 __ a Uncatalogued cork grease found in case,
    may not be from item.
  • 521 __ a The 593 GL Baritone Saxophone is a
    semi-professional model.
  • 506 __ a For use only by d Jesse Gardner.
  • 500 __ a Additional content responsibilities
    Henri Selmer S80 mouthpiece manufactured by
    Selmer-Conn, Inc. reed guards and reeds
    manufactured by J. DAddario Co., Inc.

37
Sources
  • Links
  • EnchantedLearning.Com Label the Bassoon
    2003-2005. http//www.allaboutdinosaurs.com/music/
    label/bassoon/answers.shtml (November 20, 2005)
  • EnchantedLearning.Com Label the Saxophone
    2003-2005.
  • http//www.enchantedlearning.com/music/label/saxop
    hone/answers.shtml (November 18, 2005)
  • Special Thanks To
  • All those cataloguers on the MLA-L who helped
    answer our questions about cataloguing musical
    instruments. You know who you are! ?

38
(The End)
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