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Amazing Americans 18701970

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Title: Amazing Americans 18701970


1
Amazing Americans1870-1970
WHOS YOUR HERO?
By Anne Brewer 5th Grade Teacher Berry Shoals In
termediate School
2004
2
The world changed more dramatically during the
100 years between 1870 and 1970 than in all of
history, nowhere more than in the United States.
3
Innovations in technology took us
from the horse-drawn carriage to
spacecraft traveling faster than sound,
and men walking on the moon.
4
It took us from houses lit by candlelight and oi
l lamps to towering cities flooded with electr
ic light.
5
Forward thinking activists and reformers carried
their messages to the people, bringing
unprecedented civil rights and opportunities to
women, minorities and the poor.
6
Once people sent handwritten mail
by rail and horseback. Now we communicate with
the telephone, radio, televisions, and computers
that can transmit live sound and pictures around
the globe within seconds.
7
Heroic Americans led American troops to victory
in wars armed with weapons that changed from
single shot black powder muskets to the atomic
bomb.
8
In the arts, music, and literature, creative
genius flourished.
9
Meet some of the amazing Americans who have made
incredible contributions to modern life and
culture.
10
Mark Twain
A writer and humorist from the 19th century, Mark
Twain piloted a riverboat on the Mississippi Riv
er, and wrote one of the greatest American nov
els The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
11
John Muir
John Muir was a naturalist and Americas first
conservationist.
He founded the Sierra Club, and convinced
President Theodore Roosevelt to create the
National Parks System.
12
Booker T. Washington
Booker T. Washington was one of the most
politically powerful African Americans in America
from 1895 to 1915.
He founded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in
1881, still considered to be the finest
university for African Americans in the United
States.
13
Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony believed women
deserved to have equal rights with men. She
campaigned for the 19th amendment which gave
American women the right to vote.
14
Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart was first woman to pilot a plane
across the Atlantic Ocean. She inspired
generations of young women to follow their
dreams.
15
General John J. Pershing
General Pershing commanded the American
Expeditionary Force in Europe during World War I.
After the war he was promoted to General of the
Armies, a position previously held only by George
Washington.
16
Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt commanded the Rough Riders in
the Spanish-American War.
He was the 26th President and helped establish
the U.S. as a world power.
The Teddy Bear is named for Roosevelt because of
his work to preserve the American Wilderness.
17
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was one of the first
leaders of the womens rights movement.
She believed women had the right to a good
education and helped Susan B. Anthony form the
National Womens Suffrage Association in 1869
and worked to secure women's right to vote.
18
Duke Ellington
Band leader Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington wa
s a musical genius. He composed over one thousand
works, and performed all over the world with h
is band.
19
Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes was an important writer of the
Harlem Renaissance, the African American artistic
movement in the 1920s that celebrated black life
and culture. He had a strong sense of racial p
ride. His literary works helped shape American
literature and politics.
20

Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell not only invented the
telephone, he invented the PHOTOPHONE, which he
believed was more important. This technology l
ed to the way computers send information over the
Internet today.
21
Henry Ford
Henry Ford invented the automobile and the
internal combustion engine. People first called
the car a horseless carriage. His dream was to
make an affordable car that everyone would want.
22
Dorothea Lange
Dorothea Lange was best known for her amazing
photographs documenting the poor conditions of
the migrant workers who traveled in large numbers
to California during the Great Depression of the
late 1920s and 1930s.
23
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright was one of the most original
American architects of the 20th century. His
buildings and ideas have affected the way offices
and homes are designed and organized today.
24
Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie was a poor boy from Scotland who
became a powerful businessman and
a leading force in the American steel industry.
Today, he is remembered as an industrialist,
millionaire, and philanthropist.
Carnegie believed that the wealthy had an
obligation to give back to society, so he donated
much of his fortune to causes like education and
peace.
25
The Wright Brothers
On December 17, 1903, on the beach at Kitty Hawk,
North Carolina, Orville and Wilbur Wright
became the first to demonstrate
sustained flight of a heavier-than-air machine
under the complete control of the pilot.
26
Laura Ingalls Wilder
Laura Ingalls Wilder was born in the big woods of
Wisconsin. Her family traveled by covered wagon
to the prairies of Minnesota,
following the Homestead Act of 1862. Lauras
daughter Rose encouraged her to write her famous
LITTLE HOUSE books when she was 65 years old.
27
Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison was one of the greatest inventors
in history. The light-bulb, phonograph and
motion-picture projector were only a few of his
more than 1,000 inventions.
28
Buffalo Bill Cody
Bill Cody was a buffalo hunter, U.S. army scout,
and an Indian fighter, but he is best known as
the man who gave us the myth of the Wild West.
His Wild West show was famous all over the world.
29
Santa Claus
Santa is the hero who goes all around the world
on Christmas Eve giving toys to good children.
He hasnt always been as he is now. He began as
a kindly old man named Nicholas.
30
Jesse Owens
Jesse Owens grew up to be a famous track star.
He participated in the 1936 Olympics in Nazi
Germany, and proved that black athletes were just
as good as white athletes. He broke 3 world rec
ords and won 4 Gold Medals.
31
Houdini
Harry Houdini was a master of illusion. Houdini
earned an international reputation as an escape
artist who dramatically freed himself from ropes,
shackles, and handcuffs. He performed on the
stage and in early motion pictures.
32
Jane Addams
Hull House, founded by Jane Addams, was the first
community center to provide aid to poor
working-class families in Chicago.
Her commitment to improving the lives of those
around her led to her work for social reform and
world peace.
33
Helen Keller
Helen Keller became blind and deaf before she was
two years old. She became the first blind-deaf
person to effectively communicate with sighted
and hearing people. Helen graduated from colle
ge, wrote several books, and became an advocate
for the handicapped all over the world.
34
P. T. Barnum
P. T. Barnum was a natural showman.
He understood what people wanted to see.
He and his partner developed the three ring
BARNUM and BAILEY CIRCUS that is still
world-famous today. He said, Theres a sucker bo
rn every minute.
35
Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McLeod Bethune was the daughter of slaves.
She understood the importance of education, an
d started a school for black girls in Daytona
Florida with almost no money. Her school
succeeded, and today it is part of a great
university.
36
Wilma Rudolf
When she was little, Wilma Rudolf had a terrible
disease called polio that left her legs crippled.
She worked very hard to get back the use of her
legs. She became the fastest woman runner in the
world, and went on to win four gold medals in the
1960 Olympics.
37
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy was a Navy hero in WWII. As the
35th US president, he fought for government
programs to help the poor and the elderly. He
passed the Civil Rights Act that guaranteed
equality for everyone under the law. He started
the Peace Corps to help poor people around the
world. He also started the Apollo Space Program,
which eventually sent people to the moon.
John Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on
Nov. 22, 1963.
38
Bob Fosse
The man credited with creating modern jazz dance
as we know it--the smooth and rhythmic style most
often seen in musical theater--is Bob Fosse.
Today he is considered one of America's greatest
choreographers.
39
Jackie Robinson
In 1947, Jackie Robinson became the first black
man to play professional baseball. Reaction was
mixed at first, but he was a great athlete.
He became a legend, and was elected to the Natio
nal Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.
40
Walt Disney
Walt Disney was a great cartoonist. He created
the first cartoon with sound, called Steamboat
Willie, starring a little mouse we now call
MICKEY. Disney created many feature length film
s, Disneyland and Walt Disney World.
41
Neil Armstrong
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first
person to set foot on the moon.
42
Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein was a musical pioneer.
He traveled the world as a conductor encouraging
appreciation of American music and composers.
He composed a famous Broadway musical called
West Side Story.
43
Dwight David Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower was a military leader, an
author, president of Columbia University, and
President of the United States. He was the Allied
Supreme Commander in Europe during World War II,
directed allied troops in North Africa and Italy,
and coordinated the unforgettable
D-Day invasion of France.
44
Rosa Parks
In 1955 Rosa Parks was arrested for disobeying an
Alabama law requiring black passengers to give up
seats to white passengers. Her arrest sparked a
381-day boycott of the Montgomery bus system and
led to a 1956 Supreme Court decision banning
segregation on public transportation.
45
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. believed the best
way to bring social change was by peaceful
demonstration, acting with love and calm. King
became Americas most compelling and effective
civil rights leader. He worked for political and
social equality for people of all races.
46
Images courtesy of the Library of Congress
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