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Campus Organization, Carbon Audit and Mitigation Activities at Frostburg State University

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Title: Campus Organization, Carbon Audit and Mitigation Activities at Frostburg State University


1
Campus Organization, Carbon Audit and Mitigation
Activities at Frostburg State University
  • Jonathan Gibralter President

2
American College and University Presidents
Climate Commitment
  • My role I signed on behalf of Frostburg State
    University in April 2007. I am also a member of
    the Leadership Circle and attended the ACUPCC
    Summit in Washington, D.C., in June.

3
American College and University Presidents
Climate Commitment
  • Goal is to have 1,000 signatories by 2009.
  • 498 colleges and universities have signed.

4
Why Involve Higher Education?
  • If higher education is not relevant to solving
    the crisis of global warming, it is not relevant,
    period.
  • David Hales, President
  • College of the Atlantic
  • More than ever, universities must take
    leadership roles to address the grand challenges
    of the 21st century, and climate change is
    paramount amongst these.
  • Michael Crow, President
  • Arizona State University

5
Campus OrganizationFrostburg State University
  • Establish a Steering Committee of 23 people
    representing faculty, staff and students.
    Committee chaired by Associate Vice President for
    Institutional Effectiveness.
  • Sierra Student Coalition is an active
    participant.
  • 11 subcommittees are being formed.
  • Measures meet ACUPCC requirement Within two
    months of signing this document, create
    institutional structures to guide the development
    and implementation of the plan.

6
Subcommittees
  • Greenhouse Gas Reduction
  • New Energy Initiatives
  • Energy Conservation
  • Green Campus Master Plan
  • Individual Action
  • Recycling Solid Waste Management
  • Curricular and Co-Curricular Opportunities
  • Space Utilization
  • Community Partnerships
  • Research
  • Student Engagement

7
Initiate two or more tangible actions (examples)
  • All new campus construction to be built to at
    least the U.S. Green Building Councils LEED
    Silver standard or equivalent.
  • Appliance purchasing policy requiring ENERGY
    STAR- certified products.
  • Policy of offsetting all greenhouse gas emissions
    generated by air travel paid by institution.

8
Initiate two or more tangible actions (examples)
  • Encourage use of and provide access to public
    transportation for all faculty, staff, students
    and visitors at our institution
  • Within a year, begin purchasing or producing at
    least 15 of electricity from renewable sources.
  • Campus recycling program.

9
Solar Installation on Fuller House at Frostburg
State University
2-kW grid-tied solar unit generated an average
of 7.65 kilowatts per hour in June and July
10
Wind Turbine at Fuller House on Frostburg State
University Campus
2-kW grid-tied wind turbine at former residence
converted into a campus office.
11
WISE Results
As expected, wind energy increased significantly
in winter.
12
New Buildings - New SolutionsFSU Research Center
  • While drilling to fill (grout) abandoned mines
    beneath the site (drills are blue towers at
    right), a closed-loop geothermal system was
    installed in the same hole, using the earth's
    core temperature to provide heating and cooling
    to the building.

13
Renewable Energy Symposiumand Exposition Sept.
14-15
  • 28 presentations were made on topics as varied as
    funding options, wind power, wood gasification,
    small- and large-scale renewable energy, and
    community impact.
  • Nearly 150 people attended from all across the
    Mid-Atlantic region.

14
Renewable Energy Symposiumand Exposition Sept.
14-15
U.S. Rep. Roscoe Bartlett, R-Md., presented the
keynote address on peak oil. He is pictured in
the General Motors hydrogen fuel cell vehicle on
display at the Expo.
University System of Maryland Chancellor William
E. Kirwans speech led off the second day.
15
Renewable Energy Symposiumand Exposition Sept.
14-15
Residential-scale wind turbine
Solar-powered utility vehicle
  • Nearly 20 businesses and organizations displayed
    their wares as part of the exposition.

16
Focus the Nation National Teach-in
  • A national teach-in engaging millions of students
    and citizens with political leaders and decision
    makers about Global Warming Solutions
  • January 31, 2008, Focus the Nation national
    symposia were held simultaneously at over a 1,500
    campuses, places of worship, businesses, and
    other venues across the country.

17
Focus the Nation at Frostburg State University
  • 32 community presentations most by FSU faculty
    members
  • 4 four panel discussions
  • 9 booth displays
  • A concert
  • A trash sculpture competition
  • More than 1,500 participants
  • Waste Not, Want Not trash sculpture competition

18
Carbon Audit
  • CA-CP Campus Carbon Calculator facilitates the
    collection, analysis, and presentation of data
    constituting an inventory of the emissions of
    greenhouse gases attributable to the existence
    and operations of an institution. It provides an
    essential foundation for focused, effective
    outreach on the issue of climate change at a
    college or university, and the basis for
    institutional action to address it.

19
Carbon Audit
  • There are three steps to the greenhouse gas
    emission inventory process
  • Data collection
  • Calculating greenhouse gas emissions
  • Analyzing and summarizing the results.

20
Getting Started Scope of Emissions
  • Scope 1 - includes all direct sources of
    Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from sources owned
    or controlled by your institution, including (but
    not limited to) production of electricity, heat,
    or steam transportation or materials, products,
    waste, and community members and fugitive
    emissions (from unintentional leaks).
  • Scope 2 - includes GHG emissions from imports of
    electricity, heat or steam generally those
    associated with the generation of imported
    sources of energy.

21
Getting Started Scope of Emissions
  • Scope 3 - includes all other indirect sources of
    GHG emissions that may result from the activities
    of the institution but which occur from sources
    owned or controlled by another, such as business
    travel, outsourced activities and contracts,
    emissions from waste generated by the institution
    when the GHG emissions occur at a facility
    controlled by another company (e.g. methane
    emissions from landfilled waste,) and the
    commuting habits of community members.

22
Budget
  • Operating Budget
  • All sources of funding for which the University
    has financial control. Plainly considered as the
    cost to operate the institution.
  • Research Dollars
  • All sources of financial funding the institution
    receives for its research endeavors.
  • Energy Budget
  • Amount of money the institution spends on
    providing the energy needs for all operations.

23
Energy
  • Energy sources will likely contribute over 90 of
    the university's emissions. This source is
    further divided into on-campus stationary
    sources, off-campus electricity production,
    off-campus steam production, and transportation.
  • On-campus stationary sources will include all the
    fuels purchased other than gasoline or diesel
    fuel for vehicles. Most will probably be used
    for heating buildings, primarily oil, coal, or
    natural gas.

24
Electricity
  • This section will estimate emissions from
    off-campus electric production. If your campus
    produces its own electricity, the associated
    emissions will be captured in the On-Campus
    Stationary Sources section (since it will be
    produced with the other fuels). Likely uses
    include lighting, computers, refrigeration, air
    conditioning, and cooking.

25
Electricity
  • You will need to know how much electricity was
    purchased (or produced) each year, generally
    gathered in kilowatt-hours (one kilowatt-hour
    kWh is the amount of energy that will power ten
    100-watt light bulbs for an hour). This data is
    often already compiled, but may require digging
    through monthly energy records.

26
Transportation
  • Most universities keep a fleet of vehicles that
    are used for everything from employee travel,
    moving equipment around campus, collecting solid
    waste or materials to be recycled, delivering
    campus mail, or managing the grounds and roads.
  • The information gathered needs to be in gallons
    of gasoline and diesel fuel, MMBtus of natural
    gas, and kWh of electric used for the fleet.
    There is a field in the Calculator for
    alternative fuels.

27
Commuter Traffic
  • This category may be the most difficult to
    estimate. The goal is to estimate the number of
    annual miles traveled by faculty/staff and
    student commuters. To estimate this you will
    need to know how large these communities are,
    what their "average" commuter habits are
    (frequency of trips from home to school and
    back), the distance from home to school, and the
    number of commuting days.

28
Air Travel
  • Include air travel by faculty and staff on
    business and any student programs.

29
Agriculture
  • Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from
    agriculture. Many animals, especially dairy
    cows, release methane generated by microbes in
    their guts and also from the decomposition of
    their manure. While this source will likely be
    only about 1 of total emissions if your
    university has animals, they are worth noting.

30
Solid Waste
  • Institutions have several methods for managing
    solid waste. The two most common are
    incineration and landfilling.

31
Refrigeration
  • When chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) were found to be
    damaging to the ozone layer, alternatives such as
    hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons
    (PFCs) were required.
  • These chemicals were later discovered to also be
    strong greenhouse gases.

32
Offsets
  • Purchase of Tradeable Renewable Energy
    Certificates (TRECs), also known as green
    electricity credits or green tags. These
    represent the fact that electricity was produced
    using one or several renewable technologies, such
    as wind, solar or small-scale hydroelectric.
  • Composting.
  • Carbon offset stored in trees.

33
Total Emissions in Metric Tons of CO2
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