WELCOME ''Madhya Pradesh on the path of Organic Farming" by Dr' G'S' Kaushal Director Agriculture Go - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WELCOME ''Madhya Pradesh on the path of Organic Farming" by Dr' G'S' Kaushal Director Agriculture Go

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Maximum use of cow-dung, urine etc. Production of Organic manure through waste organic matter. ... Dairy around cities to have big biogas plant 100 each year. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WELCOME ''Madhya Pradesh on the path of Organic Farming" by Dr' G'S' Kaushal Director Agriculture Go


1
WELCOME ''Madhya Pradesh on the path of Organic
Farming" by Dr. G.S. Kaushal Director
Agriculture Govt. of Madhya Pradesh BHOPAL
2
Macro Management Scheme Agriculture
Already existing ?
  • Integrated Cereal Development Programme (Rice)
  • Integrated Cereal Development Programme (CC)
  • Sustainable Development of Sugarcane
  • Balanced Integrated Use of Fertilizers
  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
  • NWDPRA
  • RVP FPR
  • Promotion of Farm Machnization
  • Promotion of High Yielding Quality Seeds
  • Development of Organic Sustainable Agriculture
  • Agri. Ext. Training Communication Support
  • Development of Information Technology
  • Augmentation of Ground Water

Newly Incorporated ?
3
Components included in "Development of organic
farming and sustainable Agriculture"
  • Setting of BGA units, production of mother
    culture distribution of BGA.
  • Production distribution Green manuring seeds.
  • Training of farmers, workshop seminar.
  • Nadep phospho compost, vermi composting unit.
  • Publicity.

4
WHY ORGANIC FARMING ?
  • Reduces degradation of soil.
  • Checks environmental pollution.
  • Ensures sustainability of agricultural
    production.
  • Reduces cost of agriculture production.
  • Easy to prepare and use.

5
Present scenario of the state
  • Availability of biodegradable materials in large
    quantity.
  • Depletion of ground water level, beneficial
    micro-flora, humus content and natural enemies.
  • Low consumption of chemical fertilizers and
    pesticides, large number of farmers have not used
    fertilizer pesticides.
  • Vast variation in biodiversity.

6
Organic Farming drives in M.P.
  • ORGANIC FARMING
  • In 1969 at KASTURBA GRAM, Indore covering entire
    200 Ha. farm under organic farming.
  • Focused Workshops, Seminars, Farmers fare, Camps
    etc. during late seventies for awareness.
  • Extensively adopted organic farming in the State
    during mid nineties through several special
    programmes.
  • Since 98-99 fifty per cent area in Govt. farm put
    under organic farming.

7
  • Based on result of trials, applied the inorganic
    technologies in important crops like pulse,
    Soybean, oilseed etc.
  • Launched "Bio - Village'' concept for extension
    initially in 313 villages during 2001-2002. Later
    increased to 3130 bio-villages (5 Agri.5 Hort.
    villages in each block) during 2002-2003.
  • A National Seminar on Organic Farming held under
    the chairmanship of Central Agriculture Minister
    at Bhopal in May 2002 for sharing of experiences
    of Farmers, scientists and Extension Officers.

8
  • Khandwa, Katni, Chhindwara and Harda got
    appreciation for the best performance.
  • Popularised organic manure production techniques
    in Bio-villages by introducing Vermi-compost,
    NADEP Compost, Phospho Compost, Bio-gas slurry,
    Green manure, Blue green algae etc.

9
  • Organization of JAIVIK HAT in Bhopal on 30th,
    31st May and June 1, 2003 where over 100 stalls
    with various organic products displayed and
    techniques demonstrated.
  • Participated more than 15,000 farmers their
    farm women folk.
  • Important organic products like Rice, Wheat,
    Gram, Moong, Soybean, Urad, Arhar, Gur, fruits
    Vegetables display highly appreciated.
  • Bio-pesticides Bio-fertilizers where in great
    demand.

10
BI O-VILLAGE ?
Farming without use of agro-chemicals.
  • Salient features -
  • Locally available material, natural resources and
    use of alternative methods of chemicals against
    pest management.
  • Preservation of natural enemies/ environment and
    micro-flora.
  • Maximum use of cow-dung, urine etc.
  • Production of Organic manure through waste
    organic matter.

11
BIO - CENTRE (PHANDA, BHOPAL)
  • Dry dairying practice with 146 cow Full
    utilization of cow dung and urine.
  • Seventeen ''Nadep'' organic structure..
  • Fourteen units of ''Vermi Compost''.
  • Two Biogas plants (35 cubic meter 3 cubic
    meter).
  • Use of Vermi wash as growth hormone for crop
    plants.
  • Farmers training every Wednesday exclusively on
    organic farming

12
Gosadan stall feeding movement.
13
Bio-gas slurry (35 Cub. m.)
14
Agri-Biotechnology Demonstration Training
Centre, Phanda Farm, Bhopal
  • Conversion of offered flowers from places of
    worship into organic manure.
  • Parthenium grass, Banana leaves, Water hyacinth
    etc. for fast conversion into organic manure.
  • Farming system approach followed Bee keeping,
    Aquaculture etc.
  • Large scale plantation of fuel, fodder,
    medicinal, aromatic plants.

15
Experimental findings of rearing Gosadan's Cows
at Government Agriculture Farm, Phanda,
Bhopal Year 2001-2002
16
Products from Cattle yearly
  • Dung - 20,160.00 Kg.
  • Urine - 900.00 litre
  • Milk - 257.00 litre
  • Ghee - 3.75 Kg.
  • Butter Milk - 325.00 Litre

17
Utilization of Cattle products
  • Cow dug, cow urine, Ghee Butter milk for quick
    manure production and crop protection in 32.7
    ha.
  • NADEP manure - 93 Tons
  • Biogas slurry - 10 Tons
  • Utilization of biogas (Farm) - One lamp
  • Cost of 103 tonnes manure - Rs. 1,03,000/-

18
An observation on the basis Phanda Farm
experiment - Model Gosadan Cow dung
19
An observation at Phanda Farm Cow urine
20
Organic manure analysis, Phanda Farm, Bhopal
21
Conversion of Biodegradable waste into valuable
Organic manure
NADEP COMPOST MAKING
22
Use of earth worms
23
Vermi compost Unit
24
Comparative data of 3 years average production
at Phanda farm
25
Capacity building of farmers
  • All Bio village farmers get regular training on
    Organic Farming at KRISHAK PATHSHALA.
  • Other than Bio village, cultivators also get
    trained in production and application techniques
    of Organic through Farmer to Farmer training.
  • Development of Government Agriculture Farms as
    production and distribution centers for Blue
    green algae.

26
  • Competent farmers are motivated for BGA
    production at their farms.
  • Green manure crops production technology
    training to the farmers.
  • Training for Plant protection measures through
    Non pesticidal methods viz. botanical, microbial,
    biological, mechanical, physical, butter milk,
    cows urine/dung, ashes, etc.
  • Development of linkage farmers extension worker
    - scientist.

27
People Participation Gender Development
  • Encouraged farm women's role in organic farming
    under MAPWA Project in 14 districts.
  • Farm women groups formation at village level for
    farmation of farm women groups imparting
    trainings.
  • Farm women groups (FWGs) made capable in vermi
    composting, NADEP preparation and its uses in the
    field crops.
  • Farm women groups produced organic manure
    themselves for their own use in farming.
  • Farm women get additional income by selling
    earthworms manures.
  • Active involvement of women in this mission with
    marketing of Organic Produce.

28
Impact of various Programmes
  • Large scale adoption of organic farming.
  • Saving green plants from grazing.
  • Protecting valuable trees from being cut for fuel
    purpose.
  • Conserving electricity by making biomass an
    alternate source.
  • Smoke free environment in the village by use of
    Bio gas as cooking fuel.
  • Protecting health of farm woman.
  • Proper decomposition of bio-degradable wastes and
    harmful weeds like Parthenium in biogas, in NADEP
    composts tanks and in vermi compost making.
  • Estimates proved that Khandwa district alone
    saved Rs. 32 crores from fertilizers and
    pesticides in a year.

29
HIGHLIGHTS OF OUTCOME
30
Organic Farming - Action plan
  • Awareness campaign - All the year round.
  • Training of staff farmers
  • - At village level.
  • - On Govt. farms.
  • - Training Centres of Agriculture Dept.
  • - Night Agriculture Schools.
  • - NGO's
  • - All India Radio.
  • - Door Darshan
  • - Sat Com
  • Jaivik Haat
  • - District level
  • - Divisional level
  • - State level
  • Diverse compain at district State level.

31
Organic Farming - Action plan
  • In remaining about 48000 villages
  • - Ist year 5 farmers in each village
  • - IInd year addition 10 farmers in each village
  • - IIIrd year addition 15 farmers in each
    village
  • - IVth year addition 20 farmers in each village
  • - Vth year addition 25 farmers in each village
  • - End of five year 75 farmers in each
    village will be adopting organic farming
  • - Total farmers to be covered by the end of
    five years - 36,00,000

32
  • Adoption at Govt./Seed Corporation Farms level.
  • All 42 Govt. farms - 50 organic farming
  • - 50 chemical farming
  • All Seed Corporation farms also to adopted
    organic farming 50 of the area.

33
  • Establishment of Model ¼vkn'kZ xks'kkyk½
  • Ist year - All the Govt. Farms Seed Corporation
    Farms to have Dry dairy project i.e. 200 dry
    cattle 30 cu.m. Biogas plant - generator sets
    power supply.
  • By end of Vth year All Govt. Seed corporation
    farms become self sufficient in power.
  • Five hundred Gosadan in M.P. to have big Biogas,
    Generator, gas supply, electric supply vermi
    compost in five year i.e. 100 unit to be covered
    every year.
  • Dairy around cities to have big biogas plant 100
    each year.
  • Villages - Target of Biogas to be increased from
    12500 to 25000.

34
Product Management
  • Registration of Organic produce to continue at
    Gram Sabha level in domestic market.
  • Certification by International Agencies
    reintroduced from Kharif 2004.
  • Developed state level organic produce certifying
    agency.
  • Garmoday to be involved in marketing under
    Vindhya Valley trademark.

35
1. Organic Sustainable Agriculture Development
Programme
36
2. NADEP Scheme
37
Saving from Transportation from
Agro-chemicals saving on expenditure of
Agro-chemicals TOTAL COMPOST PRODUCTION (in
tons) Village - Malgaon, District- Khandwa
38
MARKET VALUE ORGANIC PRODUCE
39
Thanks
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