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Violent Crimes Overview

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CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY. CRIMES Against Person: Murder. Manslaughter. Battery. Assault ... Considered to be a CRIME AGAINST PERSON & PROPERTY. RAPE: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Violent Crimes Overview


1
Violent Crimes Overview
  • Criminology 2009

2
Violent Crimes Terminology
  • CRIMES AGAINST PERSON
  • CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY
  • CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY

3
CRIMES Against Person
  • Murder
  • Manslaughter
  • Battery
  • Assault
  • Aggravated Assault
  • Child Abuse Neglect
  • Robbery

4
MURDER
  • Definition Killing of a human being with malice
    aforethought
  • 1st Degree premeditated and deliberate.
  • Example?
  • 2nd Degree NOT premeditated, acted on impulse,
    but intent was to kill or cause serious bodily
    harm.
  • Example?

5
MURDER
  • Infanticide
  • A murder involving a very young child
  • Eldercide
  • A murder involving a senior citizen

6
MANSLAUGHTER
  • Definition Homicide without malice
  • Voluntary heat of passion, intent to cause
    harm.
  • Example?
  • Involuntary negligent act without regard to the
    harm that it may cause to others.
  • Example?

7
ROBBERY
  • Definition Taking or attempting to take
    anything of value from the care , custody or
    control of a person, or person by force or threat
    of force or violence and/or by putting the victim
    in fear.
  • Considered to be a CRIME AGAINST PERSON
    PROPERTY.

8
RAPE
  • Textbook Definition The carnal knowledge of a
    female forcibly against her will (Siegel)
  • Massachusetts General Law, Chapter 265
  • Sexual intercourse or unnatural sexual
    intercourse with a person by force and against
    the will of that person by threat of bodily
    injury. Penetration must exist, but may be
    slight. Rape can be committed by a man against
    a woman, a man against a man, a woman against a
    man, a woman against a woman or any persons
    against any person who is drugged or
    unconscious.

9
TYPES of RAPE
  • Aggravated Rape rape involving multiple
    offenders, weapons and victim injuries
  • Date Rape rape that involves people who are in
    some form of a courting relationship
  • Marital Rape rape involving a husband and wife
    (note traditionally, a legally married husband
    could not be charged with raping his wife)
  • Statutory Rape sexual relations between an
    underage minor female and an adult male.

10
TYPES of RAPISTS
  • ANGER
  • Sexuality becomes a means of expressing and
    discharging pent-up anger and rage
  • Rapist use far more brutality than necessary…aim
    is to cause harm
  • Less psychologically traumatic (according to
    theorists)

11
TYPES of RAPISTS
  • POWER
  • Attackers does not want to harm victim as he/she
    wants to possess her/him sexually. The rapists
    only uses the amount of force necessary to
    achieve objective
  • Power rapists want CONTROL, not sexual
    gratification.
  • Rape is a way of putting personal insecurities to
    rest, asserting heterosexuality/homosexuality.

12
TYPES of RAPISTS
  • SADISTIC
  • Involved both sexuality and aggression
  • Bound by ritual. Rapists get satisfaction from
    abusing, degrading or humiliating captive.
  • Victims usually have personal characteristics
    that rapists want to harm or destroy.

13
CAUSES of RAPE
  • Evolutionary Biological Factors
  • Rape is instinctual, developed over the ages as a
    means of perpetuating the species (How Natural
    is Rape?)
  • Male Socialization
  • Rape is a function of socialization…men are
    SOCIALIZED to be aggressive with women and
    believe that the sue of violence or force is
    legitimate if their sexual advances are
    rebuffed.

14
CAUSES of RAPE
  • Psychological Abnormality
  • Rapists may suffer from some type of of
    personality disorder or mental illness.
  • Social Learning
  • Men learn to commit rape as they do any other
    behavior (often sexual trauma is linked with
    desire to inflict sexual trauma on others.
  • Sexual Motivation
  • Since rape victims are young, presumably more
    attractive victims, trends suggest some type of
    sexual motivation.

15
BATTERY
  • BATTERY Definition See Battering article for
    definition.

16
CHILD ABUSE NEGLECT
  • CHILD ABUSE Definition Any physical or
    emotional trauma to a child for which no
    reasonable explanation, such as an accident or
    ordinary disciplinary practices can be found
  • NEGLECT Definition Not providing a child with
    the care and shelter to which he or she is
    entitled.

17
CRIMES Against PROPERTY
  • Larceny/Theft
  • Burglary
  • Arson
  • Embezzlement

18
LARCENY-THEFT
  • Definition The taking and carrying away of the
    personal property of another with the intent to
    steal (includes auto theft)
  • Robbery stealing something that is on a PERSON
  • Larceny-Theft taking something when noone is
    around

19
BURGLARY
  • Definition the breaking and entering of a
    dwelling house of another with the attempt to
    commit a felony within (much more severe than
    larceny because it involved entering a home).

20
ARSON
  • Definition The willful, malicious burning of a
    home, public building vehicle, or commercial
    building

21
EMBEZZLEMENT
  • Definition When someone who is so trusted with
    property fraudulently keeps it for his or her own
    use of others.

22
REVIEW for QUEST
  • Causes of Violence Chapter 10
  • Crimes Against Persons Chapter 10
  • Hate Crimes definition, types, examples
  • Rape definition, types, causes rapist
    motivations
  • Murder
  • Battery-Assault
  • Child Abuse Neglect
  • Crimes Against Property Chapter 10
  • Larceny-Theft
  • Burglary
  • Arson
  • Embezzlement
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