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THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE

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Louis XIII (r. 1610-1643) and Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642) reduced power of nobility ... Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715) and Cardinal Mazarin (1602-1661) The Fronde (1648) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE


1
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
Letat, cest moi (I am the state) Louis XIV
2
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
THE FRENCH MODEL
  • Effective centralization of authority into hands
    of monarch
  • Louis XIV as embodiment of absolutist rule
  • But foundations laid by rulers before him
  • Absolutism had limitations power-sharing

3
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
17TH CENTURY FRANCE
  • Pinnacle of power, wealth, prestige
  • Overseas exploration expansion
  • Cultural intellectual leader

4
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
17TH CENTURY FRANCE
  • Forms of authority

Estates General
  • Monarchy
  • Estates General
  • Parlements
  • towns cities
  • regional customs

5
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
Louis XIII
BUILDING ABSOLUTSIM
  • Louis XIII (r. 1610-1643) and Cardinal Richelieu
    (1585-1642)
  • reduced power of nobility
  • restricted local authorities

Cardinal Richelieu
  • created intendants

6
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
Young Louis XIV
BUILDING ABSOLUTISM
  • Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715) and Cardinal Mazarin
    (1602-1661)
  • The Fronde (1648)
  • Louis takes reigns of power, 1661

Cardinal Mazarin
7
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
RULE OF LOUIS XIV
  • Solidified absolutism
  • National army

8
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
RULE OF LOUIS XIV
  • Solidified absolutism
  • National army
  • New center of govt Versailles
  • Elaborate court ritual

Versailles
9
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
RULE OF LOUIS XIV
  • Solidified absolutism
  • Promoted own image
  • Sun King
  • Louis the Great
  • Gods representative on earth

10
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
RULE OF LOUIS XIV
  • Centralization of govt.
  • built up royal administration
  • decreased other sources of authority
  • expanded intendant system

11
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
RULE OF LOUIS XIV
  • Religious unification
  • One king, one law, one faith
  • Revoked Edict of Nantes, 1685

12
THE RISE OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE
LIMITS OF ABSOLUTISM
  • Dependant on many advisors bureaucrats
  • Compromised with vested interests
  • Many old privileges customs continued to exist
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