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Work Plan of the World Association for Sexology and the Pan American Health Association

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Title: Work Plan of the World Association for Sexology and the Pan American Health Association


1
Work Plan of the World Association for Sexology
and the Pan American Health Association
2
Mission The World Association for Sexology
promotes sexual health throughout the world and
lifespan by developing, promoting and supporting
sexology and sexual rights.
3
Founded in 1978, WAS accomplishes this by
advocacy actions, networking, facilitating the
exchange of information, ideas and experiences
and advancing scientifically based sexuality
research, sexuality education and clinical
sexology, with a transdiciplinary approach.
4
14th World Congress of Sexology Hong Kong - 1999
  • First World Congress to be held on Chinese soil
  • Historic approval of the WAS Declaration of
    Sexual Rights

5
15th World Congress of Sexology Paris - 2001
  • Largest World Congress in the History of WAS
  • First to have significant international
    co-sponsorship including WHO

6
(No Transcript)
7
17th World CongressMontreal, CanadaPierre
Assalian - President
8

Declaration of Sexual Rights

9
Declaration of Sexual Rights
  • Sexual rights are universal human rights based on
    the inherent freedom, dignity, and equality of
    all human beings. Since health is a fundamental
    human right, so must sexual health be a basic
    human right. In order to assure that human
    beings and societies develop healthy sexuality,
    the following sexual rights must be recognized,
    promoted, respected, and defended by all
    societies through all means. Sexual health is
    the result of an environment that recognizes,
    respects and exercises these sexual rights.
  • Approved by the General Assembly of the
  • World Association for Sexology (WAS) on
  • August 26th, 1999

10
WAS began to more significant roles in meeting
the challenges of promoting sexual health in the
new millennium.
11
WAS was accepted into official relations with the
Pan American Health Organization of the Region of
the AmericasJune 26, 2001
12
Call to ActionPromoting Sexual Health and
Responsible Sexual Behavior
  • Officials of WAS and PAHO worked in significant
    roles and advisors to the U.S. Surgeon General to
    develop a national strategy to promote sexual
    health and responsible sexual behavior

13
  • Scientific Editors were Eli Coleman, Janet Hyde
    and Michael Ross

14
David Satcher, M.D.
http//www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/sexual
health
15
Developing Global Strategies to Promote Sexual
Health
  • In 1975, the World Health Organization (WHO)
    produced a historic document.
  • It called upon societies to provide the
    necessary sexuality education, counseling, and
    therapy to promote sexual health and to provide
    necessary training for health professionals.
  • This document also served as a stimulus for the
    development of the field of sexology and sexual
    resources centers throughout the world.
  • It contained a basic definition of sexual health.

http//www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology
16
PAHO-WAS Initiative
  • Expert meeting on revising the 1975 WHO document
    training of sexual health professionals -
    defining sexual health and how to promote it
  • Antigua Guatamala, Guatemala, May 19-22, 2000

17
The initial draft was prepared by Eusebio
Rubio-Aurioles(México) with the assistance of
Esther Corona (México) and Eli Coleman (USA)
18
ParticipantsLaura Asturias, Feminist Newsletter
"La Cuerda, GuatemalaJuan José Borrás Valls,
Jaume I University, SpainCecilia Cardinal de
Martín, Latin American and Caribbean Regional
Committee for Sex Education (CRESALC),
ColombiaEli Coleman, University of Minnesota,
USAEsther Corona Vargas, Mexican Association
for Sex Education (AMES), MexicoMarc Ganem,
French Society of Clinical Sexology (SFSC),
FranceDebra Haffner, Sexuality Information and
Education Council of the United States (SIECUS),
USARubén Hernández Serrano, Central University
of Venezuela,VenezuelaAna Luisa Liguori, John D.
and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation,
MéxicoEleanor Maticka-Tyndale, Univesity of
Windsor, CanadaAlexander McKay, Sex Information
and Education Council of Canada (SIECCAN),
Canada
19
Frans Mom, HIVOS, The NetherlandsEmil Man Lun
Ng, Hong Kong Sex Education Association,
ChinaAminta Parra Colmenares, Central
University of Venezuela, VenezuelaMaria Pérez
Conchillo, ESPILL Institute of Sexology,
Psychology and Medicine, SpainOswaldo M.
Rodrigues, Center for the Studies and Research in
Human Behavior and Sexuality (CEPCoS),
BrazilRodolfo Rodríguez Casteló, Catholic
University of Guayaquil Ecuador, EcuadorB. R.
Simon Rosser, University of Minnesota,
USAEusebio Rubio Aurioles, AMSSAC,
MéxicoWilliam R. Stayton, Widener University,
USAEsiet Uwemedimo Uko, Action Health
Incorporated, NigeriaBernardo Useche, University
of Caldas, Colombia Members of the World
Association for Sexology (WAS) Advisory Board
Members of the Executive Committee of the Latin
American Federation of Sexology and Sexual
Education (FLASSES) which is one of the regional
federations of the WAS.
20
Developing Regional StrategiesPan American
Health Organization
  • New definitions of sex, sexuality and sexual
    health and promoting the following regional goals
    and strategies
  • Promote sexual health
  • Provide comprehensive sexuality education
  • Provide education, training, and support to
    professionals
  • Develop and provide access to comprehensive
    sexual health care services
  • Promote and sponsor research.

http//www.paho.org/English/HCP/HCA/PromotionSexual
Health.pdf http//www.paho.org/Spanish/HCP/HCA/sal
ud_sexual.pdf
21
Developing Global StrategiesWorld Health
Organization
  • WHO held an international consultation to discuss
    approaches and strategies for promoting sexual
    health
  • To elaborate new working definitions of sex,
    sexuality, sexual health and sexual rights
  • To serve as a basis for countries to develop
    their own strategies

Geneva, January 28-31,2002
22
WHO - Geneva Collaboration
  • Global document - Consultation in January 2002
  • Esther Corona, Eli Coleman, Rafael Mazin and WHO
    wrote initial draft
  • Commissioned background papers from around the
    world

23
New working definitions of sex, sexuality, sexual
health and sexual rights
  • http//www.who.int/reproductive-health/gender/sexu
    al_health.html

24
Sex
  • Sex refers to the biological characteristics
    which define humans as female or male.These
    sets of biological characteristics are not
    mutually exclusive as there are individuals who
    possess both, but these characteristics tend to
    differentiate humans as males and females. In
    general use in many languages, the term sex is
    often used to mean "sexual activity", but for
    technical purposes in the context of sexuality
    and sexual health discussions, the above
    definition is preferred.

25
Sexuality
  • Sexuality is a central aspect of being human
    throughout life and encompasses sex, gender
    identities and roles, sexual orientation,
    eroticism, pleasure, intimacy and reproduction.
    Sexuality is experienced and expressed in
    thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes,
    values, behaviours, practices, roles and
    relationships. While sexuality can include all of
    these dimensions, not all of them are always
    experienced or expressed. Sexuality is influenced
    by the interaction of biological, psychological,
    social, economic, political, cultural, ethical,
    legal, historical and religious and spiritual
    factors.

26
Sexual Health
  • Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional,
    mental and social well-being related to
    sexuality it is not merely the absence of
    disease, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health
    requires a positive and respectful approach to
    sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as
    the possibility of having pleasurable and safe
    sexual experiences, free of coercion,
    discrimination and violence. For sexual health to
    be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of
    all persons must be respected, protected and
    fulfilled.

27
Sexual Rights
  • Sexual rights embrace human rights that are
    already recognized in national laws,
    international human rights documents and other
    consensus documents. These include the right of
    all persons, free of coercion, discrimination and
    violence, to

28
Sexual Rights
  • the highest attainable standard of health in
    relation to sexuality, including access to sexual
    and reproductive health care services
  • seek, receive and impart information in relation
    to sexuality
  • sexuality education
  • respect for bodily integrity
  • choice of partner
  • decide to be sexually active or not
  • consensual sexual relations
  • consensual marriage
  • decide whether or not, and when to have children
    and
  • pursue a satisfying, safe and pleasurable sexual
    life.
  • The responsible exercise of human rights requires
    that all persons respect the rights of others.

29
New working definitions of sex, sexuality, sexual
health and sexual rights
  • http//www.who.int/reproductive-
  • health/gender/sexual_health.html

30
Sexual Health Promotion and HIV Prevention with
Indigenous/Aboriginal/Native Peoples and
Communities in the Americas
  • A Regional Consultation
  • Isla Margarita, Venezuela
  • October 13-14, 2002

31
Objectives of the Consultation
  • 1.Characterization of HIV/STI as a public health
    problem among indigenous communities in the
    Americas
  • 2.Description of determinants of risk for HIV/STI
    and protective factors among indigenous
    communities in the Region

32
Objectives of the Consultation
  • 3.Identification of barriers that prevent
    implementation of effective interventions
  • 4.Description of evidence-based, culturally
    appropiate interventions

33
Objectives of the Consultation
  • 5.Development of goals and strategies for
    prevention of STI/HIV through promotion of sexual
    health
  • 6.Identification of resources to implement
    effective intervention

34
Outcomes of the Consultation
  • Reference document on goals and strategies to
    promote sexual health and prevent HIV/STI with
    indigenous communities
  • Comprehensive inventory of resources

35
ADDRESSING "SPECIAL POPULATIONS." THE SUCCESS
STORY OF CARA a CARA
  • B. R. Simon Rosser, Ph.D, M.PH.1
  • Rafael Mazin, M.D., M.P.H.1
  • Eli Coleman, Ph.D.
  • Ernie Rivera
  • 1 HIV/STI Intervention and Prevention Studies
    Center (HIPS)
  • Program in Human Sexuality (PHS)
  • University of Minnesota Medical School
  • March 13, 2003
  • La Habana, Cuba

HIPS Center
36
Background
  • Despite the fact that the HIV epidemic
    disproportionately affects men who have sex with
    men (and particularly Latino MSM) in the Americas
    very little efforts have been made to train
    workers in developing effective techniques to
    address the needs of men who have sex with men
    (MSM)

37
Cara a Cara - Face to Face An Advanced
Training Course in Sexual Health Promotion for
HIV/STD Prevention Workers and Community Leaders
Targeting Men who have Sex with
MenSeminario-Taller de capacitación en promoción
de la salud sexual Dirigido a trabajadores de
prevención de VIH/ETS y Líderes de la comunidad
que trabajan con los hombres que tienen
relaciones sexuales con otros Hombres
B. R. Simon Rosser, Ph.D., M.P.H., Rafael Mazin,
M.D. Eli Coleman, Ph. D., L.P.
38
Propósito de Cara a Cara Purpose of
Face-to-Face
  • 1. A new training program for HIV/STD prevention
    staff who target men who have sex with men and
    other community leaders.
  • 2. To focus on the long-term HIV/STD sexual
    health promotion of men who have sex with men.

1. Programa para trabajadores en la prevención de
VIH/ETS en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres y
otros líderes de comunidad. 2. Enfoque en la
promoción de salud sexual sobre VIH/ETS a largo
plazo en HSH.
39
Durante los 5 dias, pedimos a los participantes
a 1. Enfocarse en los problemas de salud sexual
en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres.
Over 5 days, we ask participants to 1. Focus on
the sexual health concerns of men who have sex
with men.
40
2. Crear redes trabajando con tus compañeros en
grupos pequeños.
2. Develop networks by working together in small
groups.
41
3. Desarrollar su visión de prevención de VIH
para HSH gay y bi.
3. Develop their vision of HIV prevention for
gay/bi/MSM
42
Perspectiva general /Overview
  • Día
  • 1. Prevención de VIH en Hombres que tienen Sexo
    con Hombres
  • -principios básicos
  • -historia de prevención en HSH
  • -modelo de salud sexual
  • 2. Nuevas vías de prevención de VIH
  • - cruce cultural
  • - sexología clínica
  • - ética
  • Day
  • 1. MSM HIV prevention
  • principles,
  • history of MSM prevention
  • sexual health model
  • Day 2. New Approaches to HIV Prevention
  • cross-cultural
  • clinical sexology
  • ethics

43
Perspectiva general /Overview
  • Día
  • 3. 4 De hombre a hombre seminarios sobre salud
    sexual.
  • -Salud sexual de manera comprensiva y contextual
    en HSH
  • 5. Plan
  • - perspectiva ética
  • - presentación del plan
  • - evaluación
  • 3 4. Man-to-Man Sexual Health Seminars.
  • Comprehensive, contextual sexual health for MSM
  • 5. Planning
  • ethical perspectives
  • presenting the plan
  • evaluation

44
MAN TO MAN
  • SEXUAL HEALTH SEMINARS

Exploring Intimacy Between Men
de Hombre a Hombre Seminarios sobre salud
sexual Explorando intimidad entre hombres
Chapter 13 Cac2000_13
45
Planeando el Plan Tarea Planning the Plan
Assignment
Al 5 día, se les pedirá a cada grupo de 4-6
personas que presenten un plan de prevención de
VIH/ETS para HSH (10 min.). Debe incluir
a. intervenciones personales
b. intervenciones individuales
c. actividades en grupo
d. actividades de la comunidad gay/HSH
e. intervenciones
estructurales
On Day 5, each group of 4-6 are asked to present
a plan of HIV/STD prevention for MSM (10 min).
This should include a. personal interventions b.
individual interventions c. group activities d.
gay/MSM community-wide activities e. structural
interventions
46
Taller Estado del Arte en Desarrollo de Programas
de Salud Sexual Reproductiva en Adolecentes y
Jovenes
  • Cuidad de Panamá
  • Panamá
  • 13-14 Octubre, 2003

47
Adolescent Sexual Health in Latin America and
the CaribbeanAdvisory Group Meeting
  • Panama City
  • Panama
  • 13-14 October, 2003

48
(No Transcript)
49
Potential Further Developments
  • Expand Cara a Cara into other Spanish speaking
    countries.
  • Adapt Cara a Cara to target other HIV prevention
    efforts among Afro-descendents, indigenous
    populations.
  • Adapt Cara a Cara to target prevention workers in
    other challenging areas reproductive health,
    sex workers, IV Drug Users, sexual aggressors
  • A useful model to train prevention workers in
    promoting sexual health.
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