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Preconditioning Calves: Evaluate the Benefits

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Potentially fewer problems with shipping fever and BRD (Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex) ... BVD (bovine virus diarrhea) BRSV (bovine respiratory virus) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Preconditioning Calves: Evaluate the Benefits


1
Preconditioning CalvesEvaluate the Benefits
  • presented by
  • Scott Hendrickson
  • Agricultural Agent, UW-Extension
  • and
  • Jeff Lehmkuhler
  • Beef Specialist, UW-Madison

2
Just what is preconditioning?
Vaccination, nutritional, and management program
designed to prepare young cattle to best
withstand the stresses of adjustment when they
leave the point of origin and enter the channels
of trade . . . all three components are
needed. Dan Hinman Extension Animal
Nutritionist University of Idaho
3
Seller Benefits
Quality, Health, and Value of Calves Sold
4
Colorado State Research, Superior Livestock Video
Auction Sales, 1995 2000Premiums for
vaccinated and weaned calves ranges from low of
13 head in 1995 to a high of 21 head in
1997Four times as many lots sold through the
Value Added Program in 2000 as in 1995
  • Preconditioning Pays
  • Drovers Journal
  • 11-27-2001

5
Buyer Benefits
  • Potentially fewer problems with shipping fever
    and BRD (Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex)
  • Animals that adapt quickly to feedlot rations and
    feedlot environment

6
Importance of BRDPercent of Placements Affected
BRDBovine Respiratory Disease Complex Estimates
include animals that were treated, died without
treatment, or were shipped prior to harvest
weight without treatment.
7
Stress Factors Heat Cold Dust Dampness Injury Fa
tigue Dehydration Hunger Anxiety Irritant
gases Nutritional deficiencies Surgery
  • Causes of BRD

8
Viral Agents PI3 IBR BVD BRSV Adenovirus Rhinov
irus Herpesvirus IV Enterovirus MCF Reovirus
  • Causes of BRD

9
Bacteria Pasteurella Hemophilus Other
  • Causes of BRD

10
  • Nasal and eye discharges
  • Coughing, fever, decreased appetite
  • Varying degrees of breathing difficulty,
    depression, droopy ears
  • Clinical Signs

11
  • Management
  • Vaccines
  • Prevention of BRD

12
  • Eliminate stress factors where possible
  • Recognize the Critical Period for disease
    detection (3 weeks that follow weaning placing
    on feed shipping of cattle)
  • Prevention of BRD
  • (management)

13
  • Avoid co-mingling cattle from different sources
    during critical 3-week period
  • Keep new cattle close to feed and water
  • Dont over crowd (especially early in feeding
    period)
  • Control dust and mud
  • Prevention of BRD
  • (management)

14
  • IBR (red nose)
  • PI3 (parainfluenza)
  • BVD (bovine virus diarrhea)
  • BRSV (bovine respiratory virus)
  • Pasturella (major cause of shipping fever)
  • Hemophilus Somnus (other agent involved with
    shipping fever)
  • Prevention of BRD
  • (vaccines)

15
What Might aPreconditioning Program Look Like?
16
Example
Livestock Marketing Association Kansas City, MO
17
For producers who cant background calves but
want to prepare them prior to weaning to increase
their resistance and immunity before the calves
enter market channels
LEVEL 1
18
  • Administer Four-Way Virus Vaccine for
    IBR-PI3-BVD-BRSV, 7-Way Clostridian Hemophilus
    somnus and Pasteurella when the calves are worked
    and at least 14 days prior to sale
  • External and internal parasite control
  • Use subcutaneous injection, if permitted on
    label, to reduce injection site blemishes
  • Administer all shots in the neck area or as
    directions advise
  • Vaccines should be administered by a licensed
    veterinarian and/or according to label directions

Requirements
19
For producers who cant background calves but
want to provide optimal immunity and resistance
before the calves enter market channels.
LEVEL 2
20
Requirements
  • All of Level 1 requirements, plus
  • booster shots
  • (Pasteurella optional)
  • at least 14 days prior to sale

21
For producers who have the resources to
background calves for at least 30 to 45 days
prior to sale
LEVEL 3
22
Requirements
  • All of Level 2 requirements, plus weaned a
    minimum of 30 days

23
  • Recommended Nutrition
  • Provide adequate nutrition, including minerals
    and trace minerals
  • Required Health Records
  • Submit market certification form showing name of
    vaccine, lot or serial number, dates, where
    purchased, location of administration, and
    certify ownership of calves for at least 45 days.
  • Required Identification

Requirements for all program levels
24
  • Certification forms signed by owner
  • Certification forms submitted to sale barn at
    least two weeks prior to sale)
  • How Does the Market Confirm that Calves are at
    their Certified Level?

25
  • Watch for preconditioned calf sales
  • Review certification component (i.e. vaccination,
    nutritional, management component)
  • Far cheaper to prevent disease than to treat it
  • Summary

26
  • Lincoln, S. D. and D.D. Hinman, 1999
  • Preconditioning of Calves, Beef Cattle Handbook
    CD-ROM Midwest Plan Service, 122 Davidson Hall,
    Iowa State University, Ames Iowa
  • Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, 2001
  • Respiratory Disease in U.S. Feedlots
  • Info Sheet Veterinary Services, USDAAPHIS, 55
    South Howes, Ft. Collins, Colorado
  • McBride, J.J. 2001
  • LMA-VACC Program Questions and Answers
  • Livestock Marketing Association, 7509 Tiffany
    Springs Parkway, Kansas City, Missouri
  • References
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