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TOBACCO 101

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Tobacco industry ranks 18th among all industries in the production of ... at an increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), acute respiratory ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TOBACCO 101


1
TOBACCO 101
  • Tobacco 101
  • Health Effects
  • Tobacco Industry
  • Second Hand Smoke
  • Surgeon General Report
  • Public Health Approach
  • Clean Air Project
  • UO Survey Results
  • Why Go Smoke Free
  • Resources

2
Tobacco is the Leading Preventable Cause of Death
in the U.S.
JAMA, March 10, 2004 Vol 291, No.10
3
Its Going Global
  • Second major cause of death in the world - about
    5 million deaths each year
  • 10 million deaths each year by 2020.
  • Half the people that smoke today -650 million
    people- will eventually be killed by tobacco.
  • World Health Organization

4
The Cigarette
5
The Human Impact
6
Old News Smoking is BadIt causes
  • Lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death
  • Coronary heart disease, the leading cause of
    death in the U.S.
  • Oral cancer
  • Pharyngeal cancer
  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Sudden cardiac death of all types in men and
    women
  • Stroke, the third leading cause of death in the
    U.S.
  • 90 of deaths attributed to COPD
  • 20 to 30 of low birth weight babies

7
Old News Secondhand Smoke is BadExposure
causes
  • Lung cancer in non-smokers
  • Pneumonia Bronchitis
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
  • Asthma
  • Ear Infections

8
New Findings from the Surgeon General 2004
2006
  • Smoking causes
  • Stomach Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Cervical Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Exposure to Secondhand Smoke causes
  • Premature death and disease
  • Immediate adverse effects on the cardiovascular
    system

There is no risk-free level of exposure to
secondhand smoke. The U.S. Surgeon General has
concluded that breathing even a little secondhand
smoke poses a risk to your health.
9
How many people does tobacco kill each year?
440,000 Plus 35,000 from secondhand smoke
Oregon 6,933 Plus 800 from secondhand smoke
Lane County 683 Average of 2 a day
10
Benefits of QuittingAfter your last cigarette
11
After your last cigarette
12
Impact of Tobacco Industry
Impact of Tobacco Industry
13
Environmental Impact of Tobacco Industry
  • Deforestation - Half a million acres of forest
    are lost to tobacco farming each year
  • Pesticides - Poison ground water supplies,
    deplete soil fertility, and impact health of
    tobacco farmers
  • Tobacco industry ranks 18th among all industries
    in the production of chemical waste
  • 2.1 billion pounds of cigarette filters were
    discarded worldwide in 1998

14
What is Second Hand Smoke?
  • Combination of side stream smoke (comes from
    burning tobacco), and mainstream smoke (comes
    from exhaled smoke). Also known as Environmental
    Tobacco Smoke.
  • Contains over 4000 chemicals, some of which are
    carcinogens (cancer causing).

15
New Findings from the Surgeon Generals Report,
2006
  • There is no risk-free level of exposure to
    secondhand smoke
  • The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that
    breathing even a little secondhand smoke poses a
    risk to your health.

16
6 Major Conclusions from the Surgeon Generals
Report
  • There is no risk-free level of exposure to
    secondhand smoke.
  • Secondhand smoke exposure causes disease and
    premature death in children and adults who do not
    smoke.
  • Exposure of adults to secondhand smoke has
    immediate adverse effects on the cardiovascular
    system and causes coronary heart disease and lung
    cancer.
  • Children exposed to secondhand smoke are at an
    increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome
    (SIDS), acute respiratory infections, ear
    problems, and more severe asthma.

17
Continued
  • Eliminating smoking in indoor spaces fully
    protects nonsmokers from exposure to secondhand
    smoke. Separating smokers from nonsmokers,
    cleaning the air, and ventilating buildings
    cannot eliminate exposures of nonsmokers to
    secondhand smoke.
  • Millions of Americans are still exposed to
    secondhand smoke in their homes and workplaces

18
What is being done to combat Secondhand Smoke?
  • 23 states have gone smoke free in their
    workplaces, bars, restaurants. Some have even
    enacted stricter laws that prohibit smoking in
    parks, beaches and housing to avoid secondhand
    smoke exposure.

19
Public Health Approach
Cessation resources, Education
Peer mentoring, De-normalization campaigns,
Smokefree homes
Individuals
Clean Indoor Air Laws, Smokefree Workplaces
Tobacco taxes, Labeling laws, Laws against
selling to youth, Ad bans
Social, Family, and Community Networks
Living and Working Conditions
Broad Conditions and Policies
20
Clean Air Project
  • Tobacco use and Second Hand Smoke

21
Mission
  • To eliminate exposure to second hand smoke,
    through creating a smoke-free policy for the
    entire University of Oregon campus.

22
Clean Air Project Activities
23
305 Campuses have gone Smoke Free Here are just
a few!
  • Arkansas (All Public Colleges and Universities ,
    33)
  • University of California - San Francisco
  • Gainesville College
  • Gainesville State College
  • Boise State University
  • Indiana University, Bloomington
  • Indiana University, East Campus
  • Bismarck State College
  • Jamestown College
  • Minot State University
  • University of North Dakota
  • Miami University
  • Oklahoma City University
  • Indiana University/Purdue University,
    Indianapolis
  • Purdue University North Central
  • University of Indianapolis
  • University of Iowa
  • Minnesota State University
  • Oregon Health Science University
  • Portland Community College
  • Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education
    (14 campuses)
  • University of South Carolina
  • Austin Peay State University
  • East Tennessee State University
  • University of Wisconsin - Plattville
  • Winona State University
  • Des Moines University
  • Graceland University
  • University of Kentucky going Fall 2009.
  • Boise State going Fall 2009.
  • University of Central Oklahoma July 1 2010.

24
Why Go Smoke Free?
  • Second-hand tobacco smoke kills and causes
    serious illnesses.
  • 100 smoke-free environments fully protect
    workers and the public from the serious harmful
    effects of tobacco smoke.
  • The right to clean air, free from tobacco smoke,
    is a human right.
  • Most people in the world are non-smokers and have
    a right not to be exposed to other people's
    smoke.
  • Surveys show that smoking bans are widely
    supported by both smokers and non-smokers.

25
Why Go Smoke Free?
  • Smoke-free environments are good for business, as
    families with children, most non-smokers and even
    smokers often prefer to go to smoke-free places.
  • Smoke-free environments provide the many smokers
    who want to quit with a strong incentive to cut
    down or stop smoking altogether.
  • Smoke-free environments help prevent people
    especially the young from starting to smoke.
  • Smoke-free environments cost little and they work
  • http//www.who.int/tobacco/communications/events/w
    ntd/2007/smoke_free/en/index.html

26
Campus Concerns about Second- Hand Smoke
  • Asthma, or other sensitivities to smoke

27
Campus Concerns..
  • Litter cigarette butts make up a majority of
    campus litter, and takes years to biodegrade.
  • UO facilities estimated that it costs 8,000 to
    10,000 per year or a minimum of 200 hours to
    clean up cigarette butts and an additional 800 a
    year to empty out the smoker's posts.

28
Campus Concerns
  • Fires second to cooking fires, fires started by
    cigarettes are the most common on college
    campuses.
  • (Picture) Authorities blamed the fire on a lit
    cigarette left on a couch outside this apartment.

29
Campus Concerns
  • Clean Air the U of O prides itself on being an
    environmentally conscious university, but how can
    it stand for the enormous amount of pollution
    that secondhand smoke creates?

30
Campus Concerns
  • Smoking creates a less productive workforce
    smokers are absent 50 more than non-smokers.
    Also, those who smoke increase healthcare costs,
    due to their increased illnesses from smoking
    (ttac.college.org)

31
Benefits to a Smoke Free Campus
  • Clean air, free of carcinogens, and asthma
    inducing particles.
  • Healthier, more productive student body and
    faculty.
  • Healthy future work force.
  • Lower healthcare costs.
  • Less litter on campus grounds.
  • Less risk of fires in housing and outdoor areas
    around campus.
  • Less likely for students to start smoking.

32
2007 UO Student Survey Results
  • 62 of students said they have never smoked.
  • 81 of students either do not smoke or have not
    smoked in the last 30 days.
  • 69 of students reported they were bothered by
    second hand smoke on UO campus.
  • 86 agree or strongly agree that the right to
    breathe clean air should take precedence over the
    right to smoke.
  • 22 of students reported using a tobacco
    substance.
  • 18 of student smoke (even a little bit).
  • 4.4 of students report being daily smokers.

33
Faculty/Staff Smokers (2007 survey results)
  • 5 of campus staff/faculty reported being a
    smoker.
  • Of the 5 only 1 reported being a daily smoker.
  • 63 of respondents said they were somewhat or
    very concerned about second hand smoke.
  • 90 somewhat or strongly agree that the right to
    breathe clean air should take precedence over the
    right to smoke.

34
2007 Faculty /Staff Survey Results
72 Somewhat or Highly Support a Smoke Free
Campus.
35
Not so Extreme!!
  • Changes that have been made over the last 20
    years
  • - Smoke Free Flights/Planes in US
  • - Smoke free indoor work places
  • - Indoor smoke free Res Halls
  • - Many countries have gone smoke free in work
    places, bars, restaurants including but not
    exclusive to Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland,
    Norway England and France.
  • - Beaches, parks and whole cities have gone smoke
    free in California.
  • - Workplaces are going smoke free on all their
    grounds (indoor and outdoor) example Sacred
    Heart Medical Center.
  • In the last few years 23 states and
    commonwealth's have now gone totally smoke free
    in bars, restaurants and other workplaces.

36
How you can become involved
  • Sign up on our Clean Air Project facebook page.
  • Sign a pledge, giving your support to the Clean
    Air Project.
  • Come to our meetings, give your ideas, and help
    us create an initiative for policy change
    regarding smoking on campus property at the U of
    O.
  • Spread the word about the benefits of a smoke
    free campus.

37
For More Information
  • Clean Air Project facebook page.
  • Clean Air Project website(CAP) http//healthed.uor
    egon.edu/
  • Contact Ramah Leith 346-0562 rleith_at_uoregon.edu
  • Contact Paula Staight 346-2728 pstaight_at_uoregon.ed
    u

38

Quitting Resources at the Health Center
  • Smoking cessation packets.
  • Pharmacy equipped with gum, patches and
    prescription medication.
  • Advice and tips on quitting.
  • Physicians for smoking evaluations and
    prescriptions.
  • Counseling center for addiction therapy.
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