James%20Joyce%20(1882-1941) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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James%20Joyce%20(1882-1941)

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... later stated: 'in composing my chapter of moral history ... scene with Lily. attitude towards other guests. Miss Ivors. the speech and the past. Freddy Malins ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: James%20Joyce%20(1882-1941)


1
James Joyce (1882-1941)
  • born in Dublin to an impoverished family
  • educated by the Jesuits
  • left Ireland for medical school in Paris at 21
  • returned to the continent in 1904 with Nora
    Barnacle
  • spent most of his life on the continent (Paris,
    Italy, Switzerland) in dire poverty
  • Biographical video

2
Important Works
  • Dubliners (1914)
  • Exiles (1914)
  • Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916)
  • Ulysses (1922) considered by some the greatest
    novel ever written
  • Finnegans Wake (1939)

3
Ireland Story
4
Dubliners (1907, pub. 1914)
  • Stories chronicle stages of life
  • childhood
  • adolescence
  • maturity
  • society as a whole

5
  • Joyce wrote to his publisher My intention was
    to write a chapter of the moral history of my
    country and I chose Dublin for the scene because
    that city seemed to me the centre of paralysis.
  • He later stated in composing my chapter of
    moral history in exactly the way I have composed
    it I have taken the first step towards the
    spiritual liberation of my country I seriously
    believe that you will retard the course of
    civilisation in Ireland by preventing the Irish
    people from having one good look at themselves in
    my nicely polished looking-glass.

6
Paralysis
  • a living death, or a succession of deaths,
    emotional psychological, or spiritual
  • scenes of darkness, cold night, winter and
    blinding

7
Epiphany
  • a spiritual an intellectual illumination of the
    nature of a thing
  • to the artistic insights and means by which such
    a revelation is achieved
  • a sudden revelation of spiritual or moral
    meaning, usually as to the essential being of a
    person or thing

8
Paralysis and epiphanies in the stories
  1. Araby
  2. Evelyn
  3. Counterparts
  4. The Dead

9
Araby
  • opening
  • the narrator/protagonist
  • Mangans sister associations
  • religious references
  • figures of authority
  • the English
  • illusion versus reality
  • ending?
  • meaning of title?

10
Evelyn
  • opening scene
  • the past
  • her father
  • her mother
  • images of light and darkness
  • ending?

11
Counterparts
  • the opening
  • Mr. Alleyne vs. the man
  • relationship between anger and thirst
  • effects of work on the individual
  • coins
  • the public houses
  • the English (woman, Weathers)
  • ending?
  • title?

12
The Dead
  • Miss Kate, Miss Julia, Mary Jane
  • Gabriel
  • scene with Lily
  • attitude towards other guests
  • Miss Ivors
  • the speech and the past
  • Freddy Malins
  • Gretta what does she represent?
  • Gabriel vs. Michael Furey
  • Epiphanies -- mirror

13
Symbolism
  • Johnny, the horse
  • Final scene
  • the snow
  • the title?
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