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Darfur is located in Sudan

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Darfur is located in Sudan. Represents frontier between the Arab world and black Africa. For 10 years, Sudan has hardly seen peace regularly dealing with crises ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Darfur is located in Sudan


1
(No Transcript)
2
Darfur is located in Sudan
Represents frontier between the Arab world and
black Africa
For 10 years, Sudan has hardly seen peace
regularly dealing with crises
3
Sudans population is one of the most diverse on
the African continent.
  • Two distinct major cultures
  • Arab
  • Black African
  • hundreds of ethnic and tribal subdivisions and
    language groups
  • make effective collaboration a major political
    challenge

4
Sudan proclaimed independence in 1956 from
Egypt and Britain
Series of unstable parliamentary governments
established
Fundamentalist Islamic law was instituted by
Major General Gaafar Mohamed Nimeiri in 1983
5
Language
Religion
Ethnicity
Political Power
Influenced by the National Islamic Front and
southern rebels, and supported by the Sudan
Peoples Liberation Army, unending civil war
erupted between government forces.
6
  • A famine in the mid-1980s disrupted many societal
    structures
  • Led to first significant fighting among people in
    Darfur
  • Low level conflict continued for 15 years
  • Government survived and armed "Arab" militias
    against its enemies

7
The arid, mountainous soil is central to the
conflict between African farmers and Arab herders
There is an eternal fight for water, food, and
shelter
Below-normal rainfall and massive numbers of
displaced people have led to water shortages in
refugee camps
8
  • A secret group called Tajamu al Arabi
  • (Arab Gathering) emerged in the
  • Darfur region in the 1980s.

This group created tensions between Muslims and
Non-Arab Africans with violent attacks
against the Non-Arab Africans.
9
  • The mentality behind the conflict stems from the
    1960s and 1970s. The ideology of Arab supremacies
    grows in northern Africa.

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In 2003, the Non-Arab Africans combined forces to
protect themselves against the militia groups.
The Sudanese government became involved in the
1990s, funding militia groups who were carrying
out the attacks.
12
  • Capital Washington D.C.
  • President George W. Bush
  • Industries Oil, Steel, Chemicals, Aerospace,
    Food Process
  • Natural Resources Coal, Copper, Lead, Gold,
    Iron, and Nickel
  • Per Capita GDP 40,100
  • Ethnic Groups White 75.1, Black 12.3, Hispanic
    12.5, Asian 3.6
  • Capital Khartoum
  • President General Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir
  • Industries Oil, Textiles, Cement, Sugar
  • Natural Resources Oil, Iron Ore, Copper, Zinc
  • Per Capita GDP 1,900
  • Ethnic Groups Black 52, Arab 39

13
  • TV Sets 173/1000
  • Newspaper 27/1000
  • Internet 300,000
  • Life Expectancy 57.3 male, 59.8 female
  • Infant Mortality 62.5/1000
  • Education mandatory ages 6-13
  • Literacy 61.1
  • TV Sets 844/1000
  • Newspaper 212/1000
  • Internet 161.6 million users
  • Life Expectancy 74.9 male, 80.7 female
  • Infant Mortality 6.5/1000
  • Education mandatory 6-17
  • Literacy 97

14
The Janjaweed, a rebel militia group, contribute
to much of the violence in Sudan, which has
created over 2.5 million refugees
Target non-Islamic Sudanese
Mostly members of nomadic Arab tribes, long at
odds with settled African farmers in Darfur
15
The refugees are going to have to move. Theres
going to be nothing here to sustain life.
- Palouma Ponlibae
Agriculture and Natural-Resources Officer for
CARE
16
Before crisis
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