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WOMENS STRUGGLE IN SOUTH AFRICA: POST APARTHEID REVIEW

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Gender empowerment and equality is imperative to South Africa's democracy. ... Women of other races in South Africa including whites were also regarded as ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WOMENS STRUGGLE IN SOUTH AFRICA: POST APARTHEID REVIEW


1
WOMENS STRUGGLE IN SOUTH AFRICA POST APARTHEID
REVIEW
2
INTRODUCTION
  • Gender empowerment and equality is imperative to
    South Africas democracy.
  • Vision not only for SA government but the
    continent of Africa as well as the world at
    large.
  • Women empowerment is one of the Millennium
    Development Goals.

3
INTRODUCTION
  • Freedom cannot be achieved unless the women have
    been emancipated from all forms of oppression.
    All of us take this on board that the objectives
    of the Reconstruction and Development Programme
    will not have been realized unless we see in
    visible practical terms that the conditions of
    women in our country have radically changed for
    the better, and that they have been empowered to
    intervene in all aspects of life as equals with
    any other member of society. (President
    Mandela 1994)

4
ROLE OF WOMEN
  • The issue of gender equality and emancipation of
    women from all forms of oppression is central to
    South Africas agenda for a better life for all.
  • SA government is committed to a meaningful role
    that women should play as beneficiaries of the
    fruits of the world that is redefining itself.
  • The role of women currently is one of the most
    important topics discussed at various
    multilateral fora including the United Nations.

5
ROLE OF WOMEN (CONT)
  • Any process which, consciously or unconsciously
    undermines the full emancipation of women is
    fundamentally hostile to our objective of
    building a South Africa that is democratic,
    non-racial and non-sexist and which truly belongs
    to all the people. It is not possible to realise
    our full economic potential while we continue to
    marginalise women who constitute the majority of
    our people. (Pres Mbeki, 2005)

6
SOUTH AFRICA HISTORY OF STRUGGLE OF WOMEN
  • South Africa comes from a very painful past which
    oppressed the majority of our people - in
    particular women.
  • Laws and Policies were deliberately put in place
    to undermine and oppress the majority of SA
    population.

7
SOUTH AFRICA HISTORY OF STRUGGLE OF WOMEN (CONT)
  • These policies led to forced removals of African
    people from their homes and in breaking down and
    paralysing family units.
  • This, created conditions that were more harsh
    especially on African women as they were
    exploited on the basis that they were black,
    women and workers.
  • This, we often refer to as triple oppression of
    race, gender and class.
  • Women of other races in South Africa including
    whites were also regarded as inferior to men due
    to the fact that they were women and were seen as
    minors and /or dependants.

8
SA HISTORY (CONT)
  • In the 50s women decided to fight against all
    the injustices that were imposed on them and
    became the major source of resistance.
  • A historic march was mobilised in 1956 where more
    than 20,000 women marched to protest against the
    imposition of pass laws while demanding the
    fundamental rights of justice, equality and
    freedom.

9
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY
  • The repealing of Apartheid policy in 1994
    together with other discriminatory laws, marked
    the beginning of a new era.
  • Following this was the adoption of South Africas
    constitution in 1996.
  • This Constitution is said to be one of the most
    progressive as well as most gender aware
    constitutions in the world.

10
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • Following the historic Fourth World Conference on
    Women in Beijing, and following a lot of
    consultations with the South African Women
    bodies, the government adopted the Platform for
    Action in 1996.
  • The point of departure for this action was for
    Government departments to identify tangible
    actions to be employed to assist the process of
    achieving gender equality and advancement of
    women socially and economically.

11
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • The Office on the Status of Women (OSW) was
    established in the Presidency.
  • In 7 of 9 provinces similar offices were set up.

12
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • In 1997 the National Commission on Gender
    equality was formed to address and promote gender
    empowerment and equity.
  • This commission ensures that government and other
    non-statutory bodies adhere to their commitment
    to gender equality.

13
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • Joint Monitoring Committee for Quality of Life
    and Status of Women focuses on the quality of
    life and status of women in particular where
    legislation is concerned.
  • This body is located in the Parliament of SA.
  • The Human Rights Commission plays an important
    role in the protection of the rights of women.

14
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • Various laws which ensure the rights of women are
    protected were also passed by Parliament .
  • These are
  • Employment Equity Act (1998),
  • Basic Conditions of Employment Act (1997),
  • Domestic Violence Act (1998),
  • Maintenance Act (1998),
  • Promotion of Equality
  • Prevention of unfair Discrimination Act (2000)

15
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • The Expanded Public works programme was launched
    in 2004 to fight poverty in South Africa.
  • One of its key objectives is the empowerment of
    women in particular women in the rural areas.
  • It also ensures recognition and participation of
    women in non female traditional roles e.g.
    entrepreneurship, construction and so on.
  • Through programmes like these together with the
    National skills Initiative headed by the
    Department of labour, government is seeking to
    improve the lives of women.

16
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • The following Ministries are headed by women
  • Foreign Affairs,
  • Public Works,
  • Agriculture,
  • Housing,
  • Minerals and Energy,
  • Communications,
  • Water Affairs,
  • Education, and
  • Home Affairs.

17
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • The Deputy President of SA, HE Pumzile
    Mlambo-Ngcuka is also a woman.
  • Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Parliament are
    women.
  • Various SA missions are headed by female
    Ambassadors.
  • 40 of the Provincial Premiers are women.

18
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • Organisations like Women Build Initiative (WBI)
    which are a partnership between government and
    civil society were borne of consultations.
  • WBI was formed to raise consciousness about the
    construction sector, womens role and to provide
    training and experience for women, amongst other
    things. (Women Build Initiative, 2007)

19
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • 75 of businesses in South Africa employ women in
    senior management positions.
  • 26 of total senior management posts in South
    Africa are filled by women, beating the global
    average by 7.

20
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • South African government launched the Accelerated
    Shared Growth Initiative of South (ASGISA) in
    2004
  • To empower women through human resource
    training.
  • To enable adequate access to finance and
    financial institutions.
  • To fast track them out of the second economy.
  • To ensure significant participation in
    agriculture and creative industries.
  • To improve access to basic services.
  • To increase participation in expanded public
    works programme.

21
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • Joint Initiative for Priority Skills Acquisition
    (JIPSA) was launched to identify urgent skills
    needed and to identify training needs.

22
POST 1994 DEVELOPMENTS DAWN OF THE ERA OF
DEMOCRACY (CONT)
  • In 2006 South Africa hosted the 4th Congress on
    Rural Women which emphasised the need for rural
    women in the world to flourish out of poverty and
    participate in the mainstream economy.

23
CONCLUSION
  • This empowerment must mean that the ordinary
    women in the rural areas should be freed from the
    daily arduous and back-breaking tasks. This
    emancipation must mean that we make the necessary
    progress to arm women with education, with skills
    and information so that they can participate
    meaningfully in the economic and social
    development opportunities that are available in
    our country. (Pres Mbeki, 2005)
  • Thank you.
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