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WVUChina Clean Coal Initiatives: CoaltoLiquids

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Title: WVUChina Clean Coal Initiatives: CoaltoLiquids


1
WVU-China Clean Coal Initiatives Coal-to-Liquids
Public Energy Authority Board Meeting, May 22,
2008
Qingyun Sun US-China Energy Center National
Research Center for Coal Energy West Virginia
University
2
Outline
  • WVU-China Clean Coal Initiative Coal-to-Liquids
    (CTL) Program
  • CTL Development in China
  • Shenhua Direct Coal Liquefaction (DCL) Plant
  • Importance of CTL Projects in West Virginia

3
WVU-China Clean Coal Initiative Shenhua
Coal-to-Liquids Project
  • WVU is the only university working on commercial
    Coal-to-Liquids project in the US
  • Sponsors the US DOE and Shenhua Group (the
    worlds largest coal company)
  • WVU-Shenhua joint research program
  • Economic analysis of Shenhua DCL plant
  • Environmental impact assessment of the plant
  • CO2 sequestration related to Shenhua DCL plant
  • Technology research
  • FT synthesis and catalyst study
  • Integrated DCL and ICL processes
  • Technology investigation and process modeling
  • Liquefaction fuel testing
  • Solid waste recycling

4
Coal To Liquids Development in China
  • 7 CTL plants in western China with the total
    budget of 12 billion USD
  • Shenhua leads to develop 1 DCL, 3 ICL, and 2 CTC
    plants with the total investment of 10 billion
    USD
  • Shenhua DCL plant is ready to start up

Sichuan Earthquake
5
Why CTL in China? Why Is Shenhua Doing It?
  • Why does China develop CTL projects?
  • National strategy for energy security
  • Environmental pressure for clean coal use
  • Feasible technologies and abundant resources
  • CTL is Shenhuas business strategy
  • Abundant coal with bottlenecks in shipping
  • Highly profitable
  • Economic development in mining area
  • Governmental support
  • Capabilities coal, capital, manpower

6
Shenhua Commercial Direct Coal Liquefaction Plant
In Inner Mongolia
  • Worlds 1st DCL commercial plant
  • Production Capacity of the 1st Train 24,000 BPD
    (mainly diesel)
  • Plant Cost 1.5 billion USD
  • 4 years of construction (2004-2008)

7
Construction of Shenhua DCL Commercial Plant
2002
2003
2004
2008
2006
8
Critical Equipment Lifting Erection
Coal Liquefaction Reactor The worlds largest
single reactor (2250mt)
9
Shenhua DCL Demonstration Project
10
Shenhua DCL Pilot Plant in Shanghai
11
Economic and Environmental Perspectives of
Shenhua DCL Plant
  • Economics
  • Capital intensive 1.5 billion USD
  • High profitable 45/bbl of fuel product cost
  • Reducing environmental impacts
  • Zero water discharge
  • CO2 sequestration
  • Ash recycling
  • Mine land reclamation

12
Learning from Shenhua DCL Project Development
  • CTL is technically feasible and economically
    viable for alternative fuels
  • Effective way for economic development in coal
    area
  • Public and governmental support are critical
  • Existing barriers
  • Water shortage and CO2 management
  • Difficulties in commercial technology and
    manufactures
  • Lack of skilled labor
  • Public resistance to coal use and coal derived
    fuels

13
CTL Is Important to WV
  • CTL is practically feasible and economically
    viable way of clean coal use
  • WV has strengths coal, water, market, CO2
    sequestration potential, and the state support
  • Huge benefits to the state of West Virginia
  • Increase revenue (5 times of coal value, 70/b
    oil profit)
  • Clean use of high S coal for environment
    protection
  • Promote local industrial and economic development
  • Increase of employment (the 20,000 BPD plant will
    generate 1,000 employees directly and 10,000
    indirectly)
  • Support education and technology research
  • Support national energy security

14
Questions?
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