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Articles of Confederation

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It showed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. ... 1787 Meeting in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. Constitution ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Articles of Confederation


1
Articles of Confederation
  • The first American Constitution

2
Confederation
  • Alliance of independent states

3
The Articles of Confederation
4
Ordinances
  • Laws
  • What other words mean law
  • Act
  • Code
  • law

5
Do not get these confused
  • Northwest Ordinance
  • 1. it set up a government for the N.W. Territory
  • 2. Guaranteed basic rights to settlers
  • 3. Outlawed slavery
  • 4. Aloud a way for the N.W.T. to be come states
  • Land Ordinance of 1785-
  • Set up a system for surveying and settling the
    Northwest Territory.

6
Economic Depression
  • A period when business activity slows, prices and
    wages fall, and unemployment rises.

7
Shays Rebellion
  • Revolt lead by Daniel Shay to prevent the states
    from taking their farms.
  • It showed the weaknesses of the Articles of
    Confederation.
  • May 1787 several states gathered for a convention
    to Revise the Articles of Confederation

8
Constitutional Convention
  • 1787 Meeting in Philadelphia to revise the
    Articles of Confederation

9
Constitution
  • A written plan of government

10
Executed
  • Carried out the laws

11
A big plan
  • Virginia Plan
  • James Madisons idea
  • wanted 3 branches of the government
  • Legislative branch has 2 houses
  • Number of members is based on Number of people in
    each state

12
A small idea
  • Legislative only has one house.
  • Each state has one member.
  • William Pattersons idea

13
A Great Compromise
  • Called for a two house legislature
  • House of Representative was based population
  • Senate was equal with every state receiving two
    representatives.

14
3/5 Compromise
  • Stated that 3/5 of the slaves would be counted
    as part of the population.

15
Slave Trade Agreement
  • Congress could not out law slave trade for at
    least 20 years
  • Northern states could not prevent a slave owner
    from getting his slave.

16
Checks and Balances
  • How the government makes sure that no one branch
    becomes too powerful.

17
Executive Branch (President)
  • Carries out the laws
  • Can veto, or refuse laws
  • Appoints judges
  • Can call special sessions of Congress

18
Legislative Branch (Congress)
  • Can over ride veto of the president
  • May remove president from office
  • Must approve treaties
  • Must approve Presidents appointments

19
Judicial(Supreme Court and other Federal Courts)
  • Makes judgments about laws
  • Can declare laws unconstitutional
  • Can declare actions of the president
    unconstitutional

20
John Locke
  • 1690 Two Treatise of Government
  • two points
  • people have natural rights
  • rulers must protect these rights

21
Baron de Montesquieu
  • 1748 the Spirit of the Laws
  • Separation of powers
  • Three branches of government

22
What were these and how did they lead to our
government today?
  • Magna Carta
  • English Bill of Rights
  • House of Burgesses
  • Mayflower Compact
  • Enlightenment
  • John Locke
  • Montesquieu

23
1. Goals of the Constitution
  • Form a more perfect union
  • Establish justice
  • Ensure Domestic tranquillity
  • Provide for the common defense
  • Promote the general welfare
  • Secure the blessings of liberty

24
Form a more perfect union
  • Three branches of government
  • Commerce Clause
  • strong central government

25
Establish Justice
  • Secure basic rights
  • Trial by jury

26
Provide for common defense
  • Safety against others Britain France
  • Build navy army

27
Promote the General welfare
  • Building schools
  • Setting up government programs

28
Secure the blessings of liberty
  • Bill of rights
  • Checks and balances

29
The people rule
  • Government is for the people by the people
  • Two Treaties of government
  • John lock
  • Declaration of Independence

30
Limited Government
  • Checks and balances

31
Federalism
  • Expressed power for the federal and State
    government

32
Checks and balances
  • The make sure the no one branch gets too powerful
  • Executive
  • Legislative
  • Judicial

33
What make the constitution a living document?
  • Amendments
  • Elastic Clause
  • Commerce Clause

34
Amendments to the Constitution
  • First ten amendments
  • able to create laws and changes to the
    Constitution

35
Commerce Clause
  • Made state relations more friendly
  • regulated trade and other state relations.

36
How does the national government work?
  • Three branches of government
  • constitution
  • Checks and balances

37
Three ring circus
  • Three branches of government
  • all falls under the constitution

38
Formal Amendments
  • A formal amendment is a change to the
    Constitutions actual written words.

39
Some formal amendments
  • 1 congress proposes State legislature ratifies
  • 2 Congress proposes state conventions ratifies
  • 3 National convention proposes State
    Legislatures ratify.
  • 4 National convention Proposes State Convention
    Ratifies

40
Informal Amendments
  • Informal amendments do not change the
    constitutions actual words.
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