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The Aegeans

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Overlapped the ancient Egyptian eras: cultural influence ... Trojan War began in this area. Fresco of Greek Goddess. Mask of Agamemnon. Made of pure gold ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Aegeans


1
The Aegeans
2
Aegean Sea
  • 3 distinct cultures
  • 3000-1200 BCE
  • Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaean
  • Overlapped the ancient Egyptian eras cultural
    influence
  • Remembered only in myths and legends
    rediscovered around 1850.

3
Cycladic Civilization
  • 3000-1200 BCE
  • Group of islands in southern Aegaean sea
  • Accomplished sailors, fisherman, and traders
  • No writing systemvery prehistoric
  • Earliest surviving artistic evidence includes
    metalwork, pottery, and marble sculpture
  • Bronze, copper, and tin

4
Cycladic Art
  • Female Cycladic Idol
  • 2700-2300 BCE
  • Made of marble
  • 5 ft tall
  • Objects of worship
  • Most found lying in graves
  • Mainly female figures, but some male
  • Exhibit divine female power

5
Minoan Civilization
  • 3000-1500 BCE
  • Includes the island of Crete
  • Culture was destroyed twice, once in 1700 BCE by
    an earthquake and again three centuries later by
    an invasion
  • Culture was completely lost until Sir Arthur
    Evans decided to search for it in 1900
  • Named the culture Minoan after the legendary King
    Minos

6
Palace of Knossos
  • Traditional residence of King Minos
  • Largest known palace on Crete
  • Considered a labyrinth because of its winding
    hallways and rooms.

7
Palace
  • Commercial and religious center
  • Had an advanced shipping and receiving system for
    receiving imported goods

Artists rendition of then palace
Today
8
Terracotta Pots
  • Much of the wealth and goods were distributed in
    terracotta pots
  • Served as storage and filing systems

9
Pottery Jars
  • Storage jars also called a pithos
  • Octopus Vase
  • Shows that Minoans were seafarers and understood
    the creatures of the sea

10
Toreador Fresco
  • Wall painting in the palace (1500 BCE)
  • Displays a ritual sacrifice of a bull
  • Boy somersaulting over beast to try to capture
    it.
  • 2 women are depicted with lighter skin to show
    gender

11
Minoan Religion
  • Little is known about their religion because
    their language is difficult to decipher
  • Images of bulls, trees, priests, and priestesses
    are prominent
  • Priestess holding snakes common
  • Snakes associated with fertility and the earth

12
Thera
  • Island north of Crete
  • Volcaniccovered with thick layers of ash and
    pumice
  • Eruption occurred around 1500 BCE, when Minoans
    were flourishing
  • Showed a high standard of living with paved
    streets and mud-brick homes
  • Displayed working plumbing and drainage systems
  • Highly advanced

13
Thera Frescoes
  • Ship Fresco
  • Many home a palace walls exhibited frescos
  • Tell stories decoration

14
Mycenaean Culture
  • Dominated the Aegean after the volcanic eruption
    at Thera
  • Conquered Crete and took over Palace of Knossos
  • Palace was built on a hilltop and called megaron

15
Citadel
  • Lions Gate
  • Crowned the entrance to the citadel/palace
  • Displays lions being obedient to the Nature
    Goddess
  • Heads missing due to time and elements

16
Royal Tombs
  • Tombs built in round shape called tholos
  • Enormous size indicates tombs were used for
    royalty
  • Buried dead with treasures, much like Egyptians
  • Same beliefs in afterlife

17
Greek Myths
  • Mycenae is home to King Agamemnon, brother of
    King Menelaus of Sparta who married Helen of Troy
  • Trojan War began in this area

Fresco of Greek Goddess
18
Mask of Agamemnon
  • Made of pure gold
  • Often used in royal art
  • Had to be imported, not readily found on island
  • Death Mask
  • Used to positively identify the dead in the
    afterlife
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