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Cardiovascular Diseases and Cancer

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20:4 (4.) Warning signs of a Heart Attack are: ... Prostate. Brain. Kidney. Liver. Blood. Leukemia cancer of the blood-forming tissues. Cancer ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cardiovascular Diseases and Cancer


1
Cardiovascular Diseases and Cancer
  • Objectives
  • The Student will be able to
  • Explain the causes, treatments, and methods of
    prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Identify the causes of cancer, and describe
    lifestyle choices that reduce the risks of cancer.

2
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Cardiovasdcular Diseases diseases or disorders
    of heart and blood vessels.
  • 201 Atherosclerosis the medical term for
    clogged arteries.
  • Plaque fatty deposits in the artery that
    build-up and clog the artery.
  • Thrombus a blood clot that shuts off the flow
    of blood in an artery.
  • (1.) Embolism a moving clot.

3
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 202 Hypertension Chronic high blood pressure.
  • Risk Factors
  • (2.) Genetic traits
  • (2.) Age
  • (2.) Race
  • (2.) Sex
  • Lifestyle
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Stress
  • Drug use

4
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 203 (3.) Angina Pectoris (angina) is pain in
    the chest or arm caused by narrowed coronary
    arteries.
  • Coronary Arteries blood vessels that supply the
    heart muscle with blood.

5
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 204 Coronary Thrombosis an obstruction caused
    by plaque deposits in the coronary artery.

6
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 204 (4.) Warning signs of a Heart Attack are
  • Uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing or
    pain in the center of the chest that lasts for
    more than two minutes.
  • Pain that spreads to the shoulders, neck, jaw or
    arms.
  • Paleness, dizziness, sweating, fainting, nausea
    or shortness of breath.

7
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 205 Rheumatic Heart Disease
  • (5.) Rheumatic Fever
  • an acute disease caused by the same bacteria
    responsible for strep throat,
  • characterized by inflammation, swelling and
    soreness of joints
  • may also damage heart valves.

8
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 206 Treating Heart Disease
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) a test that records the
    electrical impulses of the heart muscle.
  • Angiography a process in which a special dye is
    injected into an artery or heart chamber.

9
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 206 Treating Heart Disease
  • (6.) Coronary Bypass Surgery the rerouting of
    blood flow around a clogged coronary artery.

10
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 206 Treating Heart Disease
  • Arrhythmia irregular heartbeats.
  • Pacemaker an electronic device that stimulates
    the heart to beat at regular intervals.

11
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 207 Stroke a condition caused by the sudden
    interference of blood flow through the brain.
  • (7.) Cerebral Embolism occurs when a clot
    travels through the bloodstream and lodges in the
    brain.

12
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 207 Stroke a condition caused by the sudden
    interference of blood flow through the brain.
  • (7.) Cerebral Thrombosis occurs when a clot
    forms inside one of the arteries of the brain.

13
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 207 Stroke a condition caused by the sudden
    interference of blood flow through the brain.
  • (7.) Cerebral hemorrhage occurs when an artery
    inside the brain bursts.

14
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 207 Stroke a condition caused by the sudden
    interference of blood flow through the brain.
  • (7.) Aneurysm is a blood filled pouch that
    balloons out from a weak spot in an artery wall
    stroke occurs when the aneurysm bursts..

15
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 207 Stroke a condition caused by the sudden
    interference of blood flow through the brain.
  • (7.) Brain Tumor presses on an artery in the
    brain and causes a stroke.

16
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 207 Stroke a condition caused by the sudden
    interference of blood flow through the brain.
  • Warning Signals
  • A sudden, temporary weakness or numbness on the
    face, arm, leg, or one side of the body.
  • Temporary loss of speech or trouble speaking.
  • Dimness or loss of vision, especially in one eye.
  • Unexplained dizziness or unsteadiness.

17
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • 208 Promoting Cardiovascular Health
  • (8.) Two ways to promote cardiovascular health
  • Avoid or stop smoking.
  • Be sure to exercise regularly.

18
Cancer
  • 209 What is Cancer?
  • Cancer any disease that are characterized by
    the uncontrolled growth and spread of useless
    abnormal cells.
  • Tumor a lump of abnormal cells in the body.
  • (9.) There are two types of tumors
  • Benign harmless, non-cancerous tumors.
  • Malignant cancerous tumors.
  • Metastasis the spread of cancer throughout the
    body

19
Cancer
  • 2010 Causes of Cancer
  • (10.) Carcinogens substances that cause cancer.
  • Substances that are known to be carcinogens
  • Asbestos fibers.
  • Cigarette tars.
  • Automobile exhaust
  • Marijauna smoke
  • Overexposure to sun
  • Food additives

20
Cancer
  • 2011 Types of Cancer
  • Types is associated with the body part affected
  • Breast
  • Uterine
  • Lung
  • (13.) Skin caused by sun, coal tar or pitch.
  • Colon
  • Rectum
  • Cervical
  • Prostate
  • Brain
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Blood
  • Leukemia cancer of the blood-forming tissues.

21
Cancer
  • 2012 Treating Cancer
  • (14.) Methods of treating cancer
  • Surgery the tumor is cut out.
  • Radiation doses of radiation are directed to
    the cancerous area.
  • Chemotherapy use of drugs to treat certain
    kinds of cancer.

22
Health Advances
  • 2014 Major Breakthroughs in Cancer Research
  • Oncogenes small, cancer causing parts of
    genetic materials.
  • Radiologic technologist an X-ray technician, a
    person who is trained to operate X-ray equipment.

23
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