Introduction to Comparative Politics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Introduction to Comparative Politics PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 57f0-ZTlhO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Introduction to Comparative Politics

Description:

The Trouble with Nigeria. Ranks 148 out of 178 countries in Human Development Index ... Chinua Achebe: 'The trouble with Nigeria is simply and squarely a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:147
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 11
Provided by: carll4
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Introduction to Comparative Politics


1
Introduction to Comparative Politics
  • Lecture 19
  • The Trouble with Nigeria

2
Agenda for today
  • The Trouble with Nigeria Democracy and
    development
  • Nigerias political tradition
  • Favorable and unfavorable conditions for
    democracy
  • The legacy of colonialism
  • Failure of leadership
  • Structural conditions

3
The Trouble with Nigeria
  • Ranks 148 out of 178 countries in Human
    Development Index
  • Income level one-tenth of Western countries
  • Rapid increase in poverty since 1980
  • Military govt 2/3 of time since independence
  • No civilian regime has lasted more than six
    years
  • One of the most corrupt countries in the world

4
Political History 1960-2005
  • First Republic 1960(1963)-66
  • Westminster Democracy
  • Civil War 1967-70
  • Biafran Secession
  • Military Rule 1970-79
  • Benign Corruption
  • Second Republic 1979-83
  • US-Style Democracy
  • The Military Returns 1983-90
  • Restoring Efficiency, battling corruption (???)
  • Third Republic 1990-93
  • US-Style Democracy Revisited
  • Party Reform (Social Democrats vs. Republicans)
  • Ban on Former Parties, Politicians
  • Military Dictatorship 1993-1999 (Abacha)
  • Fourth Republic 1999-2005
  • U.S. Model reinforced
  • Federalism, presidentialism, two-party model

5
Themes of Nigerian Politics
  • Military Intervention and Instability
  • (7 Coups)
  • Two Parties
  • Military and Civilians
  • Civilians
  • Imported Constitutions
  • Attempts to Learn from Past Mistakes
  • Northern Dominance
  • Parties Old Wine in New Bottles
  • Escalating Fraud and Corruption
  • Cyclical Military Intervention
  • Civilian Incompetence
  • Fraud and Corruption
  • Ethnic Conflicts

6
FAVORABLE CONDITIONS FOR DEMOCRACY
  • Authoritarian regimes lack support
  • Succession crises (Spain)
  • Poor economic performance (Eastern Europe)
  • Corruption, violence, state terrorism (LA, EE)
  • Prosperity, education, new values (Spain)
  • Support of Catholic church (Huntington Latin
    America)
  • International pressure and support (EU, US,
    USSR)
  • International diffusion ("snowballing") Eastern
    Europe
  • Only (1) applies clearly to Nigeria

7
Obstacles to Democracy
  • Entrenched authoritarian regimes (China)
  • Culture Confucianism and Islam (East Asia,
    Middle East)
  • Poverty (Africa)
  • Economic crises, mismanagement (Eastern Europe)
  • Poor leadership (Nigeria)
  • All but (1) apply to Nigeria

8
Political Legacies of Colonialism
  • Unnatural boundaries (problems of national
    identity)
  • Paternalistic state (disrespectful of citizens)
  • Lack of professional civil servants
    (administrative inefficiency)
  • Interventionism in economic affairs (economic
    inefficiency)
  • Imported institutions (lack of fit, legitimacy)

9
Failures of Leadership
  • Chinua Achebe The trouble with Nigeria is
    simply and squarely a failure of leadership The
    Nigerian problem is the unwillingness or
    inability of its leaders to rise to the
    responsibility of true leadership.
  • Tribalism (the Ibo problem)
  • Social injustice (wage inequality)
  • Inefficiency/indiscipline (collectively
    self-defeating behavior)
  • Neglect of the countryside
  • Neo-patrimonialism
  • Public offices regarded as private property
  • Clientelism (unequal networks of exchange)
  • Tribalism (legitimacy by identity, rather than
    procedure)

10
Why so much rent-seeking (use of political office
for private benefit)?
  • Economy
  • A Rich Treasury
  • The Resource Curse
  • Few Alternative Means of Advancement
  • Law
  • Weak Legal Tradition and Judiciary
  • Culture
  • Weak National Identity
  • Lack of Mutual Trust
  • Politics
  • Poor Leadership
  • Lack of Aggregative Parties
  • LESSONS OF NIGERIA Structure, History, and
    leadership all matter
About PowerShow.com