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GREEK THEATRE

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Stories of mortals interacting with gods and goddesses. Kings and Queens. Battles ... Seneca wrote tragedies copying plots and structure of Greek plays ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GREEK THEATRE


1
GREEK THEATRE
2
Influences on Greek culture
  • Polytheism
  • Agriculture
  • Many wars
  • Fate

3
HOW THEATRE BEGAN
  • 6th Century BC to 2nd Century AD
  • Rituals honoring Dionysus
  • Drama Competitions

4
THEATRES
  • Amphitheatres
  • Carved into hillsides for acoustics and sight
    lines
  • Seated up to 15,000 people
  • The audience

5
Parts of a Greek theater
6
Theater at Delphi
7
Epidauros
8
Theater of Dionysus
9
The Skene
  • The skene provided the scenery.
  • Actors made entrances and exits.
  • Actors could change costumes and masks behind the
    skene.

10
Greek Origins of Theatre Terms
  • Choros
  • Tragos
  • Orkestra
  • Thespis
  • Skene
  • Theatron
  • Protagonist
  • Antagonist
  • Hypocrite
  • Deus ex machina

11
The Actors
  • All roles played by men
  • The role of the chorus
  • Thespis
  • What they wore

12
The Chorus
  • The chorus would stand to the side of the
    dramatic action and chant their lines together.

13
Function of the Chorus
  • To explain the current situation
  • To bring the audience up to date
  • To comment on the action
  • To engage in dialogue with the actors and offer
    them advice.

14
MASKS
  • Illustrated a characters emotion
  • Allowed for quick character changes
  • Distinguished female characters
  • Made the actors appear larger
  • Amplified the actors voices

15
Greek Theatre Masks
16
Plays and Playwrights
  • Aeschylus The Oresteia (only surviving trilogy)
  • Sophocles Oedipus Rex (emphasis on individual,
    complex characters)
  • Euripides Medea (themes considered
    unsuitable)
  • Aristophanes Lysistrata, The Frogs (broad
    comedies)

17
The Plays
  • Religious myths
  • Stories of mortals interacting with gods and
    goddesses
  • Kings and Queens
  • Battles
  • Family relationships of important historical
    characters

18
Roman Theatre
  • Rome conquered Greece 146 BC
  • Seneca wrote tragedies copying plots and
    structure of Greek plays
  • Comedies by Terrence and Plautus
  • The Colosseum used for circuses and gladiator
    spectacles
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