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Jesus

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a mythical figure who never existed' a communist Russian dictionary. Our purpose ... Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish teacher, lived in Israel in the first century ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jesus


1
(No Transcript)
2
Who
is
this
Jesus?
3
Who is this Jesus?
History
4
Who is this Jesus?
5
Who is this Jesus?
6
Who is this Jesus?
7
Who is this Jesus?
8
Who is this Jesus?
9
Who is this Jesus?
Jesus a
mythical figure who never existed a
communist Russian dictionary
Our purpose to examine the historical evidence
10
Evidence from historical writings
Who is this Jesus?
Since the Jews constantly made disturbances at
the instigation of Chrestus, he Claudius
expelled them from Rome
Suetonius, Life of Claudius, 69 CE - 140 CE
Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the
most exquisite tortures on a class hated for
their abominations, called Christians by the
populace. Christus, from whom the name had its
origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the
reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our
procurators, Pontius Pilatus, and a deadly
superstition, thus checked for the moment, again
broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of
the evil, but also in the City, where all things
shameful from every part of the world meet and
become popular Tacitus, Annals, 55 CE -
120 CE
11
Evidence from historical writings
Who is this Jesus?
There was, about this time, Jesus, a wise man
(if it be lawful to call him a man) for he was a
doer of wonderful works - a teacher of such men
as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over
to him both many of the Jews, and many of the
Gentiles. He was the Christ and when Pilate, at
the suggestion of the principal men among us, had
condemned him to the cross, those that loved him
at the first did not forsake him, for he appeared
to them alive again the third day, as the divine
prophets foretold this and ten thousand other
wonderful things concerning him and the tribe of
Christians so named after him, are not extinct at
this day.
Flavius Josephus (? 37CE - 101CE)
12
Evidence from the Bible
Who is this Jesus?
How can we know that what was written down in the
Bible has not been changed over the years?
13
Evidence from the Bible
Who is this Jesus?
14
Evidence from the Bible
Who is this Jesus?
In the variety and fullness of the evidence on
which it rests, the text of the New Testament
stands absolutely and unapproachably alone among
ancient prose writings F.J.A. Hort
15
Evidence from the Bible
Who is this Jesus?
The interval then between the dates of original
composition and the earliest extant evidence
becomes so small as to be in fact negligible, and
the last foundation for any doubt that the
Scriptures have come down to us substantially as
they were written has now been removed. Both the
authenticity and the general integrity of the
books of the New Testament may be regarded as
finally established Sir Frederick Kenyon
16
Evidence from the Bible
Who is this Jesus?
Qumran where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found
17
Evidence from the Bible
Who is this Jesus?
The Shrine of the Book, Jerusalem
18
Historical conclusion
Who is this Jesus?
  • Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish teacher, lived in
    Israel in the first century
  • he was executed by the Romans in around 30 AD
  • the records of his life in the New Testament are
    historically well attested

19
Who is this Jesus?
But was Jesus only human?
I cant believe in Christianity, but I think
Jesus was a wonderful
man Billy Connolly
20
What Jesus claimed
Who is this Jesus?
Freud People are hungry for love Jung
People are hungry for security Adler People
are hungry for significance Jesus I am the
bread of life
21
What Jesus claimed
Who is this Jesus?
I am the bread of life I am the light of the
world. Whoever follows me will never walk in
darkness, but will have the light of life I am
the resurrection and the life. Those who believe
in me will live, even though they die Come to
me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I
will give you rest
Jesus also said that to receive him was to
receive God to welcome him was to welcome God
to have seen him was to have seen God
22
What Jesus claimed
Who is this Jesus?
  • Jesus also
  • claimed that he could forgive sins
  • said that he would judge the world
  • said that he himself would be the criterion by
    which the world would be judged
  • when asked if he was the Christ, said I am
  • when addressed by Thomas as My Lord and my God,
    accepted this as true

23
What Jesus claimed
Who is this Jesus?
  • Jesus said that his miracles were evidence that
    the Father is in me, and I in the Father
  • He turned water into wine
  • He multiplied a picnic
  • He had control over the elements
  • He carried out remarkable healings
  • He was motivated by an extraordinary love

24
Who is this Jesus?
Logical explanations for Jesus claims
  • They were in fact untrue, but he was deluded and
    thought that they were
  • He knew they were untrue, and was a
    con-man
  • The stories are a fictional embellishment of the
    life of a good but ordinary man
  • They were true

25
What the Bible writers claim
Who is this Jesus?
  • more than 300 prophecies made about Jesus,
    written in Bible books over 500 years before he
    was born
  • 29 just on the day he died
  • many outside his control

26
What the critics say
Who is this Jesus?
  • the greatest teaching to have come from human
    lips
  • the foundation of civilisation on the West

27
What the critics say
Who is this Jesus?
Bernard Levin Is not the nature of Christ, in
the words of the New Testament, enough to pierce
to the soul anyone with a soul to be pierced?
he still looms over the world, his message still
clear, his pity still infinite, his consolation
still effective, his words still full of glory,
wisdom and love Lord Hailsham irresistably
attractive as a man
28
The crunch question
Who is this Jesus?
The Garden Tomb, Jerusalem
29
The crunch question
Who is this Jesus?
The Garden Tomb, Jerusalem
30
The crunch question
Who is this Jesus?
Inside the tomb
31
The crunch question
Who is this Jesus?
Inside the tomb
32
(No Transcript)
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