Human Trafficking The New Slave Trade in the 21st Century - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Human Trafficking The New Slave Trade in the 21st Century

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Human Trafficking. The New Slave Trade in the 21st Century. May 3, ... Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) Prevent Human Trafficking Overseas ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Trafficking The New Slave Trade in the 21st Century


1
Human TraffickingThe New Slave Trade in the 21st
Century
  • May 3, 2007
  • Jillian McCarthy

2
What is human trafficking?
  • - recruitment, transportation, transfer or
    harboring of persons by means of threat or use of
    force

3
  • - though the age old profession of slave
    commerce contrasts drastically against todays
    globalization, globalization brings demand and
    efficiency, resulting in unprecedented profits
    for the amoral persons who make it their work

4
Statistics
  • 600,000 to 800,000 people subjected each year /
    2,500 die in Transport
  • 80 are Female / 50 Under Age 18
  • 43 used for sex trade
  • 32 unpaid labor

UN estimates that traffickers profit as much as
10 to 12 billion each year
5
Trafficking vs. Smuggling
  • Smuggling implies consent and ends when they
    arrive at their destination
  • Trafficking non-consenting on-going exploitation

6
Where is this happening?Where do they come
fromwhere do they go?
  • Hot Spots
  • - Transit Countries
  • Used to get somewhere else
  • Destination
  • Where they end up
  • Asia.Russia.Mexico.Israel.Eastern Europe

7
What are we doing about it?
  • Legislation
  • Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000
    (TVPA)
  • Prevent Human Trafficking Overseas
  • Protect Victims and help victims rebuild lives in
    US with Fed and State support
  • Prosecute traffickers under stiff federal
    penalties
  • The Protect Act
  • Enforce crimes against children

8
Victim Assistance - US
  • Health and Human Services Certification
  • Receive Benefits
  • T visa - temporary status

9
Questions?
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