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HURRICANE DEAN THE FIRST NORTH ATLANTIC HURRICANE OF 2007 CAUSES DEVASTATION FROM THE CARIBBEAN TO T

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100 percent of Martinique's banana crop and 70 percent of the sugar cane crop were destroyed. ... FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE: FLOODING. IMPACTS ON ST. LUCIA ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HURRICANE DEAN THE FIRST NORTH ATLANTIC HURRICANE OF 2007 CAUSES DEVASTATION FROM THE CARIBBEAN TO T


1
HURRICANE DEANTHE FIRST NORTH ATLANTIC
HURRICANE OF 2007 CAUSES DEVASTATION FROM THE
CARIBBEAN TO THE GULF OF MEXICO
  • A CATEGORY 2-3 STORM ON 17 AUGUST 2007
  • A CATEGORY 4 STORM ON 18 AUGUST 2007
  • A CATEGORY 5 STORM ON 20 AUGUST

2
HURRICANE DEAN CATEGORY 2 STORM ON AUGUST 16
3
HURRICANE DEAN CATEGORY 2-3 STORM ON AUGUST 17
4
PROJECTED STORM TRACK AUGUST 17, 2007
5
HURRICANE DEAN A CATEGORY 2-3 STORM ON AUGUST 17
  • The eye of hurricane Dean, the first of the North
    Atlantic season, passed between the Caribbean
    islands St. Lucia and Martinique, on Friday,
    August 17.
  • The two islands, less than 80 km (50 mi) apart
    were, were struck with winds of 165 - 200 km per
    hour (100 - 125 mi per hour), storm surge, and
    heavy rain.

6
IMPACTS ON MARTINIQUE
  • In Martinique, Hurricane Dean ripped roofs from
    houses and buildings.
  • 100 percent of Martiniques banana crop and 70
    percent of the sugar cane crop were destroyed.
  • Trees were downed.
  • Electrical power was knocked out.
  • Airport were closed.
  • Tourists in coastal hotels were evacuated.
  • 270 million damage to infrastructure

7
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE AERIAL VIEW ON AUGUST
17
8
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE
9
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUEBOAT SINKING
10
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE WIND AND RAIN
11
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE ROOF DAMAGE
12
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE FLOODING
13
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE FLOODING
14
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE FLOODING
15
FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE FLOODING
16
IMPACTS ON ST. LUCIA
  • In tiny St. Lucia, Hurricane Dean turned the
    capital into a messy mixture of flood water and
    debris.
  • It ripped corrugated roofs off houses as well as
    the roof of the pediatric wing of Victoria
    Hospital.
  • It forced evacuations.

17
DAMAGE IN ST LUCIA
18
IMPACTS ON ST. LUCIA
  • Hurricane Deans storm surge breached a
    protective sea wall, caused flooding, and created
    mountains of debris.
  • Downed electrical power poles and lines forced
    utility companies to shut off electrical power to
    prevent electrocution.
  • Loss of communications forced door-to-door
    warnings.

19
BARBADOS PREPARATION FOR HURRICANE DEAN
20
IMPACTS ON DOMINICA
  • In Dominica, which is located north of
    Martinique, Hurricane Dean caused flooding,
    damaged 150 houses, and downed some fences and
    trees.
  • Dominicas banana crop, a major export, was
    battered by Deans winds and rain.

21
EXPECTED IMPACTS ON HAITI AND DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
  • Hurricane Dean is expected to dump 12 cm (5 in)
    of rain on Hispanola, the location of Haiti and
    the Dominion Republic.
  • Haiti and the Dominion Republic are both prone to
    landslides and flooding, which heavy rainfall
    will exacerbate.

22
HURRICANE DEAN DOWNED TREE IN HAITI
23
HURRICANE DEAN PHOTO FROM ENDEAVOR ON AUGUST 18
24
A CATEGORY 4 STORM WITH WINDS OF 150 MPH ON
AUGUST 18
25
HURRICANE DEAN HEADED FOR JAMAICA ON AUGUST 18
26
PREPARATION ON JAMAICA FOR DEANS ARRIVAL ON
AUGUST 19
  • Remembering tropical storm Jeanne in 2004 and
    expecting a direct hit from Hurricane Dean on
    Sunday with high winds and up to 50 cm (20 in) of
    rain, the 3 million residents were advised to
    began serious preparations.
  • If riding out the storm, the initial actions were
    to stock up on food and water, to board houses,
    and tie down loose objects.
  • If evacuating, to move to shelters, or leave.

27
PREPARATION IN JAMAICA
28
KINGSTON, JAMAICA PREPARATION FOR DEAN
29
KINGSTON, JAMAICA PREPARATION FOR DEAN
30
PREPARATION IN JAMAICA FOR DEANS ARRIVAL ON
AUGUST 19
  • Tourists began going to the airport to leave.
  • Officials called a halt to campaigning for the
    elections on August 27th.
  • 1,000 Hurricane shelters in schools, churches,
    and indoor sports arenas were opened on August
    18th and placed in a state-of-readiness.
  • But only 47 were fully occupied when the winds
    and rains began arriving on the 19th.

31
PREPARATION IN PEDERNALES EVACUEES IN A CHURCH
SHELTER
32
JAMAICA STORM SURGE DESTROYED HOUSE
33
FLOODING AND DAMAGE IN JAMAICA
34
ROOF DAMAGE IN JAMAICA
35
FLOODING, LANDSLIDES, AND DEBRIS IN KINGSTON,
JAMAICA
36
CARIBBEAN INSURED LOSSES ESTIMATED AT 1.5 TO 3
BILLION
  • Most of the insured loss of 1.5 to 3 billion
    calculated by risk modeling company, EQECAT, for
    Hurricane Deans trek through the Caribbean is
    in Jamaica.

37
DEAN BECOMES A CATEGORY 5 STORM AUGUST 20, 2007
38
DEAN HEADED TOWARD MEXICO AND GULF OF MEXICO
  • Hurricane Dean Intensified as it passed through
    the warmer Caribbean waters.
  • Landfall in Mexicos Yucatan peninsula will
    decrease the intensity.
  • A category 5 storm, a rare level, will still be
    dangerous when it reaches the Gulf of Mexico.

39
PREPARATIONS IN CUBA FOR DEANS ARRIVAL ON AUGUST
19
  • After earlier warnings by the US National
    Hurricane Center issued warnings for Cuba and
    other Caribbean island nations, the Cuban
    Government issued its own tropical storm
    warning.
  • The Government began evacuating 50,000 residents
    from three central and eastern provinces to
    shelters.

40
SPACE SHUTTLE ENDEAVOR DOCKED AT THE ISS
41
PREPARATION BY NASA FOR DEANS ARRIVAL
  • Fearing that Hurricane Dean might threaten the
    Houston home of Mission Control, NASA shortened
    the last spacewalk for astronauts aboard the
    shuttle Endeavor that was docked at the
    International Space Station until Sunday, August
    19th.
  • The spacecraft was ordered to return.
  • It undocked on Sunday in order to arrive on
    Tuesday, August 21, before the projected arrival
    of Hurricane Dean.

42
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION AFTER UNDOCKING AUG
19
43
PREPARATION IN TEXAS FOR DEANS ARRIVAL
  • Remembering the lessons learned in 2005 from the
    evacuation-traffic-jams before the arrival of
    Hurricane Rita, Texas Governor Rick Perry began
    full-scale preparations for Hurricane Dean days
    ahead.
  • Fuel trucks were dispatched to coastal
    communities to facilitate evacuations.
  • Other resources were positioned along evacuation
    routes.

44
SOUTH TEXAS PREPARING FOR EVACUATION, AUGUST 19

45
PREPARATION IN TEXAS FOR HURRICANE DEANS ARRIVAL
  • The Governor ordered the states storm response
    task forces to be on an alert status.
  • Communications were established with President
    Bush to request pre-disaster assistance.

46
PREPARATION BY USA FOR DEANS ARRIVAL
  • President Bush took a unique, pre-emptive
    strategic step of preparedness for Hurricane Dean
    on Saturday, August 18th by signing a
    pre-landfall disaster declaration.
  • This declaration, a first for the USA, will allow
    the Federal Government to move in people,
    equipment, and supplies immediately if Hurricane
    Dean strikes the south Texas-Mexico border, as
    expected.

47
COORDINATED PLANNING BY USA, MEXICO, AND CANADA
  • President Bush will meet with the leaders of
    Mexico and Canada on Monday, August 20th to
    continue coordinated planning of mutual
    assistance before the arrival of Hurricane Dean.

48
STOCKING UP IN CANCUN, MEXICO AUGUST 19

49
REMEMBERING WILMA, TOURISTS LEAVE CANCUN AUGUST
19

50
50,000 TOURISTS LEFT MEXICO BY AUGUST 20
51
PREPARATIONS IN CHETUMAL GIANT SAND BAGS AUGUST
20
52
CHETUMAL TAKING SHELTER IN A SCHOOL AUGUST 20
53
ADVANCE PREPARTIONS IN THE GULF OF MEXICO
  • The Gulf has 4,000 multi-million dollar oil and
    gas platforms and facilities that are at risk
    from hurricane Deans strong winds and high
    waves.
  • Hurricanes in 2004 and 2005 flooded oil
    refineries, toppled oil rigs, and cut pipelines.


54
ADVANCE PREPARTIONS OF FACILITIES AT RISK IN THE
GULF
  • Pemex, Mexicos oil company, began evacuating
    13,500 workers from its oil rigs in the Gulf of
    Mexico on Monday, August 20.
  • Petroleos Mexicanos evacuated all 18,000 offshore
    workers and shut down production rigs on the Bay
    of Campeche.
  • This action will result in a loss of revenue from
    production of 2.7 million barrels of oil and 2.6
    billion cubic feet of natural gas a day.

55
PEMEX OIL AND GAS PLATFORM IN GULF OF MEXICO
56
PREDICTED CHANGES IN CATEGORY 20-21 AUGUST 2007
57
HURRICANE DEAN MAKES LANDFALL AS CATEGORY 5
STORM AUG 21
58
PHYSICS OF HURRICANE DEAN AT LANDFALL AUGUST 21
  • Hurricane Dean made landfall as a category 5
    storm with winds of 165 mi.hr.
  • Just before landfall, Dean had a minimum central
    pressure of 906 millibars, the third lowest
    pressure after the 1935 Labor Day Hurricane in
    the Florida Keys and Hurricane Gilbert in 1988.

59
HURRICANE DEANS LANDFALL AUGUST 21
  • Hurricane Deans landfall at Majahual, a port
    popular with cruise liners, was good luck for
    the people of Mexico.
  • This location was a sparsely populated coastline
    that had already been evacuated, so none of the
    major resorts took a direct hit.
  • After a few hours, it became a category 2 storm.

60
A THREAT TO THE MAYANS AUGUST 21
  • Hurricane Dean threatened the Yucatans mist
    vulnerable people the Mayan.
  • The Mayans have not benefited from tourism or oil
    production.
  • They live simple lives, in wooden slat houses
    susceptible to wind damage and in low-lying areas
    prone to flooding.

61
LANDFALL 270 KM/HR (165 MI/HR) WINDS AUGUST 21
62
CHETUMAL 125 MI/HR WINDS AUGUST 21
63
HURRICANE DEAN WILL MAKE ANOTHER LANDFALL IN
MEXICO
64
THE SECOND LANDFALL IN MEXICO AUGUST 22
  • Hurricane Dean could intensify again as it
    crosses the Bay of Campeche before making a
    second landfall on Wednesday, August 22.
  • Deans track is expected to carry it into the
    Central Mexican coast, about 660 km (400 mi) from
    the border with Texas.
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