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Strategic technical assistance to improve the effectiveness of African EIA systems

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Assessing Mali's EIA system. 2. Overview ... Framework for Mali pilot, refined based on input during this workshop. Assessment framework ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Strategic technical assistance to improve the effectiveness of African EIA systems


1
Strategic technical assistance to improve the
effectiveness of African EIA systems
A CLEAA Proposal
Mark Stoughton, Ph.D.UNECACLEAA Experts
Workshop12 13 April 2007 ? Addis Ababa
2
Overview
  • CLEAA provides subsidized technical assistance to
    to improve the effectiveness of national EIA
    systems
  • Outputs develop specific, realistic
    recommendations and a plan of action ongoing
    assistance for implementation possible
  • Prerequisite key leadership is committed to
    improving EIA system effectiveness.
  • Scale Envisioned as a continuing activity
    near-term goal is to engage with 6-8 national
    systems over the next 2 years.
  • Non-exclusive focus on (1) the critical
    regulatory functions of EIA review and
    follow-thru, (2) public participation, and (3)
    financial sustainability.
  • The TA delivered by African expert teams sourced
    from the CLEAA network.

3
Premise
  • A number of countries recognize the need to
    upgrade their EIA systems
  • These systems were often put in place with
    insufficient attention paid to review,
    follow-thru, financial sustainability, and
    participation
  • Experience shows that these issues
  • are critical to the regulatory effectiveness of
    EIA systems
  • are often the most technically and
    institutionally complex elements of the EIA
    process to implement
  • Resource and institutional constraints are real,
    but significant, sustainable improvements to the
    effectiveness of these systems are possible and
    realistic and
  • Such improvements (regulatory, institutional, and
    other) are best identified by applying African
    knowledge experience
  • CLEAAs network provides a unique locus of such
    African expertise

4
Pilot assessment Mali
  • Mali assessment conducted with funding from
    USAID/Mali, adapting the methodology and
    assessment framework developed for an earlier
    version of the CLEAA proposal
  • MarchNovember 2006

5
Scaling up the Mali pilotCharge/scope
  • Mali pilotAn assessment of Malis EIA system
    the development of recommendations to enhance its
    effectiveness and the development of options for
    funding EIA review, EIA follow-up, and
    environmental management activities more
    generally
  • The proposalRetain duel focus on funding
    mechanisms AND institutional/regulatory questions

6
Scaling up the Mali pilotAssessment framework
  • Mali pilotsee following slide
  • The proposalFramework for Mali pilot, refined
    based on input during this workshop.

7
Assessment framework
Construction operation
Project development
  • Is review technically competent?
  • Is review expeditious?
  • Are decisions ethical?
  • Does review incorporate the results of public
    participation?
  • Are terms of reference appropriate?
  • Is the preparation. . .
  • technically competent
  • in conformity with the terms of reference?
  • In conformance with ethical standards (including
    public participation)?
  • Does the EIA system require EIAs for all high
    risk projects?
  • To reduce burden on regulators and project
    developers, are there non-EIA alternatives for
    small-scale or standard activities?

Key regulatorydecision-making
Projects ( policies)in development
screening
EIA review
Monitoring enforcement
EIA development
approval
In practice, do all eligible projects actually
enter the EIA process?
  • Is compliance with the environmental management
    requirements established by the EIA monitored?
  • Is there an effective mechanism for enforcement
    or corrective action?
  • Is there close integration with sectoral
    pollution control and land use regulations?

In practice, is an approved EIA required to
implement the project?
Changes to EIA
EIA rejected
Changes to project design
In practice, does the review process compel
changes in activity design or add mitigation
measures and conditions?
In practice, does the review process compel
improvements to the EA itself?
Is the overall performance of the EIA system
monitored?
8
Scaling up the Mali pilotGovernment commitment
  • Mali pilotExecuted in cooperation with Malis
    Ministry of Environment active involvement of
    senior officials in the Cabinet (Ministers
    office).
  • The proposalStrengthen requirements for
    government commitment. Credible commitment to
    improving EIA system effectiveness is required,
    including in-kind contributions and a willingness
    to consider regulatory changes and. This will
    require a plan for following-thru on
    recommendations made.

9
Scaling up the Mali pilotAssessment team
  • Mali pilotDirector-general, Madagascar
    ONEEnvironmental governance expert,
    USAID/Madagascar2 expert Malian
    consultantsEnvironmental financing expertmyself
  • The proposalTeams are
  • African to the greatest extent possible
  • sourced from the CLEAA network.
  • Well-connected experienced local consultants
    remain central
  • An environmental financing expert a part of all
    teams paired with a local consultant versed in
    public financing.

10
Scaling up the Mali pilotProcess/Methodology
  • Mali pilot3 basic elements
  • 2 preliminary desk studies (Malis EIA system
    financing options)
  • stakeholder interviews
  • multi-stakeholder workshop to to present
    preliminary findings, seek feedback, and identify
    consensus recommendations and ways forward
  • The proposalRetain these basic elements, but
    add oversight and review by an expert steering
    panel composed of CLEAA and non-CLEAA experts..

11
Scaling up the Mali pilotOutputs
  • Mali pilotFinal report to Ministry of
    Environment USAID/Mali included preliminary
    SOW for an implementation project.
  • The proposalReports to individual client
    ministries, including action planContinuing TA
    would lead to other outputs synthesis report
    for overall project strong efforts to
    disseminate key findings.

12
For more information
  • Mali pilot report available
  • Revised proposal forthcoming, based on results
    from this workshop
  • Contact mstoughton_at_cadmusgroup.com
  • issa_at_iucn.or.tz
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