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The British Museum Ancient Egypt: Mummies

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deities (gods and goddesses) humans. objects. Papyrus from the Book of the Dead of Nakht. ... Can you identify these ancient Egyptian symbols? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The British Museum Ancient Egypt: Mummies


1
Ancient Egypt Reading a papyrus
2
Papyrus
Papyrus is made from pressed reeds and can get
damaged over time. It was used for everyday
writing, but also for documents which were put in
the tomb with the dead.
The Egyptians wrote hieroglyphs on papyrus with a
pen. Sometimes they were drawn carefully. Sometime
s they were done in a quick version like
handwriting known as hieratic
Museums used to cut the rolls of papyrus into
sheets for easier storage and display.
3
Papyrus
What can be seen on papyrus?
  • hieroglyphs (written with a pen)
  • pictures (painted)

In tomb papyri, the pictures can show
  • deities (gods and goddesses)
  • humans
  • objects

4
Papyrus from the Book of the Dead of Nakht.
Papyrus provides information about everyday life
in ancient Egypt and the beliefs of the afterlife.
Can you identify these people and gods?
Can you identify these features of the ancient
Egyptian environment?
Can you identify some of the things people wore?
Can you identify these ancient Egyptian symbols?
Tjuiu (Nakhts wife)
What can you see on this papyrus?
trees
crook and flail
Osiris
wigs
hieroglyphs
a house
ankh
a pool
linen robes
jewellery
Maat
Nakht (the deceased)
5
Scene from the Book of the Dead of Hunefer
showing a funeral
Can you see ...
  • the mummy?
  • the tomb?
  • the mourners?
  • the priests?
  • the ceremonial objects on a table?
  • the chest of food offerings?
  • the god Anubis?

6
A scene showing the afterlife from the Book of
the Dead of Nakht
This papyrus shows us some of the activities that
the ancient Egyptians believed a person had to do
in the afterlife.
weighing his heart against the feather of truth?
Can you see Nakht
rowing a boat?
Nakht, the tomb owner, is shown 8 times on the
papyrus.
looking after the crops?
worshipping the gods?
ploughing the fields?
7
  • Find out more about ancient Egyptian papyri
  • Visit the main Museum website
  • www.britishmuseum.org
  • Use Explore to look at some of our papyri
  • www.britishmuseum.org/explore/introduction.aspx
  • Learn more about papyri
  • www.ancientegypt.co.uk
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