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CHALLENGES OF UNIVERSAL ACCESS AFRICAN SOLUTIONS FOR AFRICA

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The Community Sector Policy Statement was produced by the Government of Malawi in 1998. ... Malawi has 3 regions and 28 administration districts. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CHALLENGES OF UNIVERSAL ACCESS AFRICAN SOLUTIONS FOR AFRICA


1
CHALLENGES OF UNIVERSAL ACCESS AFRICAN
SOLUTIONS FOR AFRICA
  • COUNTRY CASE FOR MALAWI
  • PRESENTED BY L.L. MOMBA

2
INTRODUCTION
  • Communications reforms in Malawi started almost
  • half a decade ago with
  • The de-linking of the Malawi Posts and
    Telecommunication reforms (MPTC) into Malawi
    Telecommunications Limited (MTL) and the Malawi
    Postal Corporation (MPC).
  • The Community Sector Policy Statement was
    produced by the Government of Malawi in 1998.

3
INTRODUCTION contd
  • An autonomous regulatory authority, MACRA (Malawi
    Communications Regulatory Authority) was
    established in 1999.
  • MACRA has presently concentrated its focus on
    facilitating the formulation of UA/US policy with
    a bearing on ICTs and Rural Communications
    Development.

4
POLICY AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
  • One fixed operator (MTL) and two mobile operators
    (CELTEL TNML) with a third mobile operator duly
    licenced though not operational.
  • Liberalized communications sector with technology
    neutral regulation.
  • Most network expansion confined to urban areas
    which are deemed economically viable.

5
PROCESS AND KEY CONTENT OF UA POLICY
  • Unfortunate scenario because RCD policy has not
    been passed thus UA/US has not been fully
    advanced.
  • Initial country wide sector review was delayed
    after the pull out of DANIDA funding.
  • Rural Telecommunications forum brought together
    all stakeholders to identify critical issues for
    the RCD policy.
  • RCD draft policy is pending final review before
    submission to cabinet.

6
PROCESS AND KEY CONTENT OF UA POLICY contd
  • National ICT policy has just been drafted with a
    bearing drawing synergies from the RCD policy.

7
STATISTICS
  • Malawi has 3 regions and 28 administration
    districts.
  • Population about 12 million with 50 being youths
    (not more than 35 years).
  • Agriculture contributes to about a third (36) to
    the GDP.
  • 80 of the population live in the rural areas,
    11 involved in the estate sub-sector with the
    others on subsistence level.
  • Mobile operators have expanded coverage to about
    75 of the country though combined subscription
    is only around 220,000.
  • Fixed lines stagnating at around 75,000.
  • 1000 public payphones.
  • 13 ISP operating mostly in the urban areas.

8
MOTIVATION AND RATIONALE
  • The Government of Malawi recognizes that
    communications is an important tool for
    development (especially ICTs as a tool for
    socio-economic development).
  • 80 of the population that live in the rural
    areas have access to less than 20 of the
    services.
  • National telecommunication indicators are very
    low in the region.
  • - tele-density of 3.5 (both fixed and mobile).
  • - rural penetration very minimal.

9
MOTIVATION AND RATIONALE contd
  • The desire to set framework for rural
    communication services and initiate rural
    expansion.
  • The drive to address UA/US as a high national
    priority and identify mechanisms for addressing
    such issues.
  • The need to address the challenges of
    disproportionate distribution of communication
    services.

10
PROGRAM ACTIVITY OVERVIEW
  • Formulation of position paper on National
    Development Perspective (NPD).
  • Learn (best practices) by gathering experiences
    of other African countries.
  • Conduct countrywide review and baseline market
    demand survey and subscriber projections.
  • - classify Malawi into profitable and
    non-profitable areas.
  • - develop network plans and analyse user
    solutions.
  • 4. Perform a socio- economic analysis
  • - derive synergies to other developmental
    policies already in
  • place.

11
PROGRAM ACTIVITY OVERVIEW contd
  • 5. Conduct consultative Stakeholders workshop.
  • - define roles for all players involved (shared
    responsibilities).
  • Formulate UA/US policy.
  • - define vision, objectives and strategies.
  • - set milestones for easy monitoring and
    evaluation.
  • - prepare the action plan.
  • Implementation.

12
CONCLUSION
  • The groundwork has already been laid and what
    remains is just to build on this foundation.
  • Successful formulation of the UA/US policy
    depends on a good understanding of the challenges
    that we face based on the countrywide review.
  • The learning process that we have gone through
    will help us come up with a better UA/US policy.

13
END PIECE
  • THANK YOU !!!!!!!!!
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