Liberia%20and%20Civil%20War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Liberia%20and%20Civil%20War

Description:

Liberia and Civil War. By: Sudesh Kalyanswamy and Ross Carstens ... NPFL National Patriotic Front of Liberia. Ecowas. Brief History Of Problem: Doe's control ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:1013
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: sukaly
Learn more at: http://www.historyteacher.net
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Liberia%20and%20Civil%20War


1
Liberia and Civil War
  • By
  • Sudesh Kalyanswamy and Ross Carstens

2
Background
  • Two civil wars
  • First war from 1989-1995
  • Second war from 1999-2003
  • Period of fighting from
  • 1980-2004

3
(No Transcript)
4
Pictures of Civil War
5
Causes of Civil War
6
What does it stand for?
  • ECOWAS Economic Community of West
    African States
  • NPFL National Patriotic Front of Liberia

Ecowas
7
Brief History Of Problem Does control
  • 1980 - Samuel Doe takes control of govt.
  • 1984 - Under pressure, Doe allows political
    parties to return
  • 1985 - Doe wins presidential Election
  • U.S. says election characterized by
    fraud and rigging.
  • Ethnic conflicts increase

8
Brief History cont Charles Taylors Uprising
  • 1989 - NPFL, led by Taylor, begins revolt
    against govt.
  • 1990 - ECOWAS sends peacekeeping force
    Doe is caught and executed by NPFL.
  • 1991 - ECOWAS and NPFL agree to disarm
    and set up Interim Govt of National
    Unity
  • 1992- NPFL launches assault on
    peacekeeping troops in Monrovia

9
Brief History Cont End 1st Civil War and 2nd
Civil War
  • 1994 - Warring factions agree on timetable for
    disarmament and set up of joint Council of
    State
  • 1995 Peace agreement signed
  • 1999 Rebel forces come down from Guinea and
    attack town of Voinjama
  • 2000 - Liberian forces launch attack against
    rebels
  • 2001 - UN imposes arms embargo

10
Brief History End 2nd Civil War
  • 2002 Taylor declares state of Emergency
  • 2002- In Sept., Taylor lifts state of emergency
  • 2003- Fighting intensifies, rebels battle for
    control of Monrovia, the capital
  • Aug 2003- Nigerian Peacekeepers arrive.
    Taylor leaves handing power to his deputy
    Moses Blah. US troops arrive.
  • Sept/Oct 2003- UN launches peacekeeping
    mission

11
Other Countries Reactions
  • Many countries sent peacekeeping troops along
    with the UN troops.
  • Countries Included Namibia, Ethiopia,
    Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Nepal, Jordan,
    and various Western Nations.

12
Peacekeeping Troops Map
13
Results of Civil War
  • Over 50,000 people have been displaced from
    their homes
  • 220,000 people died in conflict

14
Leaders of Liberia
Charles Taylor
Doe, Samuel
Bryant, Gyude
Blah, Moses
15
Solution to Problem
  • A treaty was made last Wednesday renouncing
    Civil War and initiating disarmament.

16
Peace Treaty
  • The peace treaty is meant to be permanent.
  • Previous peace treaties have failed.
  • Ethnic groups probably still hold grudges
    against one another.
  • A western peace treaty may not stop war.

17
BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • http//www.un.org/securitycouncil
  • http//www.pbs.org
  • http//www.foreignaffairs.org
  • http//www.cnn.com
  • http//www.bbc.com/news
  • http//www.globalsecurity.org

18
  • THE END!
  • THANK YOU FOR WATCHING OUR PRESENTATION.
About PowerShow.com